proper


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prop·er

 (prŏp′ər)
adj.
1. Characterized by appropriateness or suitability; fitting: the proper knife for cutting bread; not a proper moment for a joke.
2. Called for by rules or conventions; correct: the proper form for a business letter.
3. Strictly following rules or conventions, especially in social behavior; seemly: a proper lady; a proper gentleman.
4.
a. Belonging to one; own: restored to his proper shape by the magician.
b. Characteristically belonging to the being or thing in question; peculiar: an optical effect proper to fluids.
5. Being within the strictly limited sense, as of a term designating something: the town proper, excluding the suburbs.
6. Ecclesiastical For use in the liturgy of a particular feast or season of the year.
7. Mathematics Of or relating to a subset of a given set when the set has at least one element not in the subset.
8. Worthy of the name; true: wanted a proper dinner, not just a snack.
9. Out-and-out; thorough: a proper whipping.
adv.
Thoroughly: beat the eggs good and proper.
n. also Proper Ecclesiastical
The portion of the liturgy that varies according to the particular feast or season of the year.

[Middle English propre, from Old French, from Latin proprius; see per in Indo-European roots.]

prop′er·ly adv.
prop′er·ness n.

proper

(ˈprɒpə)
adj
1. (usually prenominal) appropriate or suited for some purpose: in its proper place.
2. correct in behaviour or conduct
3. excessively correct in conduct; vigorously moral
4. up to a required or regular standard
5. (immediately postpositive) (of an object, quality, etc) referred to or named specifically so as to exclude anything not directly connected with it: his claim is connected with the deed proper.
6. (foll by: to) belonging to or characteristic of a person or thing
7. (prenominal) informal Brit (intensifier): I felt a proper fool.
8. (Heraldry) (usually postpositive) (of heraldic colours) considered correct for the natural colour of the object or emblem depicted: three martlets proper.
9. (Mathematics) maths logic (of a relation) distinguished from a weaker relation by excluding the case where the relata are identical. For example, every set is a subset of itself, but a proper subset must exclude at least one member of the containing set. See also strict6
10. archaic pleasant or good
adv
11. dialect Brit (intensifier): he's proper stupid.
12. good and proper informal thoroughly: to get drunk good and proper.
n
(Ecclesiastical Terms) the parts of the Mass that vary according to the particular day or feast on which the Mass is celebrated. Compare ordinary10
[C13: via Old French from Latin prōprius special]
ˈproperly adv
ˈproperness n

prop•er

(ˈprɒp ər)

adj.
1. adapted or appropriate to the purpose or circumstances; suitable.
2. conforming to established standards of behavior or manners; correct or decorous.
3. fitting; right.
4. belonging or pertaining exclusively to a person, thing, or group.
5. strict; accurate.
6. in the strict sense (usu. used postpositively): Shellfish do not belong to the fishes proper.
7. normal or regular.
8. belonging to oneself or itself; own.
9. Chiefly Brit. complete; thorough: a proper thrashing.
10. Eccles. used only on a particular day or festival.
11. Math. (of a subset of a set) not equal to the whole set.
adv.
12. Chiefly Dial. thoroughly; completely.
n.
13. Eccles. a special office or special parts of an office appointed for a particular day or time.
[1250–1300; Middle English propre < Old French < Latin proprius one's own]
prop′er•ly, adv.
prop′er•ness, n.

proper

- First meant "inherent, intrinsic."
See also related terms for inherent.

proper

The adjective proper is used with several different meanings.

1. used to mean 'real'

You use proper in front of a noun to emphasize that someone or something really is the thing referred to by the noun.

It's important to have a proper breakfast in the morning, not just a cup of tea.
He's never had a proper job.
2. used to mean 'correct'

You also use proper in front of a noun to say that something is correct or suitable.

Everything was in its proper place.
The proper word is 'lying', not 'laying'.

Be Careful!
Don't use 'proper' when you are saying that something belongs to you. Use own instead. Don't say, for example, 'I've got my proper car'. Say 'I've got my own car.'

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Adj.1.proper - marked by suitability or rightness or appropriateness; "proper medical treatment"; "proper manners"
appropriate - suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc; "a book not appropriate for children"; "a funeral conducted the appropriate solemnity"; "it seems that an apology is appropriate"
correct, right - free from error; especially conforming to fact or truth; "the correct answer"; "the correct version"; "the right answer"; "took the right road"; "the right decision"
decent - conforming to conventions of sexual behavior; "speech in this circle, if not always decent, never became lewd"- George Santayana
decorous - characterized by propriety and dignity and good taste in manners and conduct; "the tete-a-tete was decorous in the extreme"
right - in conformance with justice or law or morality; "do the right thing and confess"
improper - not suitable or right or appropriate; "slightly improper to dine alone with a married man"; "improper medication"; "improper attire for the golf course"
2.proper - having all the qualities typical of the thing specified; "wanted a proper dinner; not just a snack"; "he finally has a proper job"
real - no less than what is stated; worthy of the name; "the real reason"; "real war"; "a real friend"; "a real woman"; "meat and potatoes--I call that a real meal"; "it's time he had a real job"; "it's no penny-ante job--he's making real money"
3.proper - limited to the thing specified; "the city proper"; "his claim is connected with the deed proper"
specific - (sometimes followed by `to') applying to or characterized by or distinguishing something particular or special or unique; "rules with specific application"; "demands specific to the job"; "a specific and detailed account of the accident"
4.proper - appropriate for a condition or purpose or occasion or a person's character, needs; "everything in its proper place"; "the right man for the job"; "she is not suitable for the position"
appropriate - suitable for a particular person or place or condition etc; "a book not appropriate for children"; "a funeral conducted the appropriate solemnity"; "it seems that an apology is appropriate"

proper

adjective
1. real, actual, genuine, true, bona fide, kosher (informal), dinkum (Austral & N.Z. informal) Two out of five people do not have a proper job.
3. polite, right, becoming, seemly, fitting, fit, mannerly, suitable, decent, gentlemanly, refined, respectable, befitting, genteel, de rigueur (French), ladylike, meet (archaic), decorous, punctilious, comme il faut (French) In those days it was not thought proper for a woman to be on the stage.
polite common, crude, rude, coarse, indecent, unseemly, unbecoming, unrefined, impolite, ungentlemanly, discourteous, unladylike
4. characteristic, own, special, individual, personal, particular, specific, peculiar, respective Make sure everything is in its proper place.

proper

adjective
1. Suitable for a particular person, condition, occasion, or place:
2. Suited to one's end or purpose:
3. Consistent with prevailing or accepted standards or circumstances:
5. In accordance with principles of right or good conduct:
6. Marked by excessive concern for propriety and good form:
Translations
كامِل، شامِلمُطابِق لِلأخْلاق، مُحْتَرَممُلائِم، صَحيحمُنَاسِب
řádnýsprávnýúplnývhodnývlastní
anstændiggrundigkorrektrigtig
kunnonluonnonvärinenoikeasopivatarkka
pravi
szabályszerû
algjör, almennilegurréttur, viîeigandiviîeigandi, siîlátur
適切な適当なきちんとしたふさわしいまともな
적합한
prideramastikrinis daiktavardis/vardas
īstslabspamatīgspareizspiedienīgs
patričný
pravi
riktig
เหมาะสม
thực sự

proper

[ˈprɒpəʳ]
A. ADJ
1. (= right, suitable) [equipment, tools] → apropiado, adecuado
that's not really the proper tool for the jobésa no es la herramienta apropiada or adecuada para el trabajo
at the proper timeen el momento oportuno
that's not the proper way to do itasí no se hace
you'll have to apply for a permit in the proper waytendrás que solicitar el permiso por las vías establecidas
2. (= correct)
it was the proper thing to sayfue lo que había que decir
do as you think properhaz lo que te parezca bien
I thought it proper to inform youpensé que debía informarte
see also right A1
3. (= actual, real) → propiamente dicho
in the city properen la ciudad propiamente dicha, en la ciudad en sí
he's never had a proper jobnunca ha tenido un trabajo serio
forget nouvelle cuisine, give me proper food, any dayolvida la nueva cocina, dame todos los días comida como Dios manda
in the proper sense of the worden el sentido estricto de la palabra
4. (= complete, downright) → verdadero
I felt a proper idiotme sentí como un perfecto or verdadero idiota
we got a proper beatingnos dieron una paliza de las buenas
5. (= seemly) [person, behaviour] → correcto
it wasn't considered proper for a man to show his emotionsno se consideraba correcto or no estaba bien visto que un hombre mostrase sus emociones
6. (= prim and proper) → correcto y formal
7. (= peculiar, characteristic) → propio (to de)
B. ADV (Brit) he was proper upset about itestaba verdaderamente or realmente disgustado por ello
she's a proper stuck-up young ladyes una joven bien creída
see also good A19
C. CPD proper fraction N (Math) → fracción f propia
proper name, proper noun Nnombre m propio

proper

[ˈprɒpər] adj
(= correct) [equipment, place] → approprié(e); [procedure, way, manner] → correct(e); [word, term] → correct(e)
You have to have the proper equipment → Il faut avoir l'équipement approprié.
at the proper time (= appropriate time) → en temps et en heure
We will discuss all that at the proper time → Nous discuterons de tout ça en temps et en heure. (= set time) → à l'heure dite
If you had come at the proper time → Si tu étais venu à l'heure dite ...
to go through the proper channels → passer par les canaux habituels
(= adequate) [management, training, planning, care] → adéquat(e)
We need proper training → Il nous faut une formation adéquate.
(= real) → vrai(e) before n
proper French bread → du vrai pain français
We didn't have a proper lunch, just sandwiches → Nous n'avons pas pris de vrai repas, juste des sandwichs.
It's difficult to get a proper job → Il est difficile de trouver un vrai travail.
I felt a proper fool
BUT Je me suis senti vraiment bête.
(= fitting) → convenable
it wasn't proper for sb to ... → ce n'était pas convenable pour qn de ...
It wasn't proper for a man to show his emotions → Ce n'était pas convenable pour un homme de montrer ses émotions.
to show proper respect to sb → montrer à qn le respect qui lui est
to behave in a proper manner → se comporter de manière correcte
it is right and proper that ... → il n'est que juste que + subj ...
It is right and proper that questions should be asked → Il n'est que juste que des questions soient posées.
prim and proper [person, image] → très comme il faut
(= itself) → même after n
the town proper → la ville même

proper

adj
(= actual)eigentlich; physics properdie eigentliche Physik; in the proper sense of the wordin der eigentlichen Bedeutung des Wortes; is that a proper policeman’s helmet?ist das ein richtiger Polizeihelm?; he’s never had a proper jober hat noch nie einen richtigen Job gehabt; he’s not a proper electricianer ist kein richtiger Elektriker; not in Berlin propernicht in Berlin selbst
(inf) (= real) fool etcrichtig; (= thorough) beatinggehörig, anständig (inf), → tüchtig (inf); we got a proper beating (team etc) → wir sind ganz schön geschlagen worden (inf)
(= fitting, suitable)richtig; in proper conditionin ordnungsgemäßem Zustand; in the proper wayrichtig; as you think properwie Sie es für richtig halten; it’s only right and properes ist nur recht und billig; to do the proper thingdas tun, was sich gehört; the proper thing to do would be to apologizees gehört sich eigentlich, dass man sich entschuldigt; don’t touch the injured man unless you know the proper thing to dolassen Sie den Verletzten liegen, solange Sie nicht genau wissen, was man machen muss; it wasn’t really the proper thing to sayes war ziemlich unpassend, das zu sagen; we considered or thought it only proper to …wir dachten, es gehört sich einfach zu …
(= seemly)anständig; what is properwas sich gehört; it is not proper for you to …es gehört sich nicht, dass Sie …
(= prim and proper)korrekt
(= peculiar, characteristic) proper toangestammt (+dat), → angehörig (+dat); a species proper to the Galapagoseine Gattung, die den Galapagosinseln angestammt ist; proper to the speciesder Art eigen, arteigen
adv
(dial) cruel, poorlyrichtig (inf)
(incorrect usage) behaveanständig; talkrichtig

proper

[ˈprɒpəʳ]
1. adj
a. (suitable, appropriate, clothes, tools) → adatto/a, appropriato/a; (correct, right, order, way, method) → giusto/a; (seemly, behaviour, person) → decente, perbene
the proper time → il momento adatto or giusto
in the proper way → come si deve
to go through the proper channels (Admin) → seguire la regolare procedura
do as you think proper → fa'come ritieni opportuno
it isn't proper to do that → non sta bene fare così
to do the proper thing by sb → agire bene verso qn
proper to (Chem, Philosophy) → proprio di
b. (actual, authentic) → vero/a e proprio/a
physics proper → la fisica propriamente detta
he isn't a proper doctor → non è un medico come si deve
in the proper sense of the word → nel vero senso della parola
in the city proper → nella città vera e propria
c. (fam) (real, lady, gentleman) → vero/a, autentico/a; (thorough, mess) → vero/a, bello/a
it's a proper nuisance → è proprio una bella scocciatura
2. adv (Brit) (fam) (very) → proprio
to talk proper (correctly) → parlare bene

proper

(ˈpropə) adjective
1. right, correct, or suitable. That isn't the proper way to clean the windows; You should have done your schoolwork at the proper time – it's too late to start now.
2. complete or thorough. Have you made a proper search?
3. respectable or well-mannered. Such behaviour isn't quite proper.
ˈproperly adverb
1. correctly or rightly. She can't pronounce his name properly.
2. completely or thoroughly. I didn't have time to read the book properly.
proper noun/name
a noun or name which names a particular person, thing or place (beginning with a capital letter). `John' and `New York' are proper nouns.

proper

مُنَاسِب řádný korrekt echt κατάλληλος apropiado kunnon correct pravi opportuno 適切な 적합한 gepast ekte właściwy próprio надлежащий riktig เหมาะสม doğru dürüst thực sự 适当的

proper

a. propio-a, particular, apropiado-a.

proper

adj adecuado, apropiado
References in classic literature ?
It's proper to use good words, and improve your vocabilary," returned Amy, with dignity.
It's no better than a badger hole; no proper dugout at all.
The longer his nap lasts the better it will be for him, as I doubt whether he can find a proper cover for such a shape on these rocks; and singing won't do any good with the Iroquois.
Only these actors were appearing in their proper persons in real dramas of a life he did not know, but which appealed to something that had been long untouched, long in disuse.
But John says if I feel so, I shall neglect proper self-control; so I take pains to control myself--before him, at least, and that makes me very tired.
And as for her own rejected suitor, Fairfax Munroe, except for a kind of grave and proper motherliness about his protecting manner, he absolutely was the most indistinctive of them all.
All around were scattered shavings, chips, shingles, and broken halves of bricks; these, together with the lately turned earth, on which the grass had not begun to grow, contributed to the impression of strangeness and novelty proper to a house that had yet its place to make among men's daily interests.
How soon he had walked himself into the proper resolution, however, how soon an opportunity of exercising it occurred, in what manner he expressed himself, and how he was received, need not be particularly told.
Defective as the present Confederation has been proved to be, this principle appears to have been fully recognized by the framers of it; though they have not made proper or adequate provision for its exercise.
As the former of these comes first in order, it is proper it should be the first discussed.
WE HAVE seen the necessity of the Union, as our bulwark against foreign danger, as the conservator of peace among ourselves, as the guardian of our commerce and other common interests, as the only substitute for those military establishments which have subverted the liberties of the Old World, and as the proper antidote for the diseases of faction, which have proved fatal to other popular governments, and of which alarming symptoms have been betrayed by our own.
These principles being established, let us now discuss the proper structure of the Plot, since this is the first and most important thing in Tragedy.