Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Wikipedia.


1. Proximity; nearness.
2. Kinship.
3. Similarity in nature.

[Middle English propinquite, from Old French, from Latin propinquitās, from propinquus, near; see per in Indo-European roots.]


1. nearness in place or time
2. nearness in relationship
[C14: from Latin propinquitās closeness, from propinquus near, from prope near by]


(proʊˈpɪŋ kwɪ ti)

1. nearness in time or place; proximity.
2. nearness of relation; kinship.
[1350–1400; Middle English propinquite < Latin propinquitās nearness]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.propinquity - the property of being close together
nearness, closeness - the spatial property resulting from a relatively small distance; "the sudden closeness of the dock sent him into action"


[prəˈpɪŋkwɪtɪ] N (frm) (= nearness) → propincuidad f; (= kinship) → consanguinidad f, parentesco m


n (form)Nähe f(to zu); (in time) → zeitliche Nähe (to zu); (of relationship)nahe Verwandtschaft (to mit)
References in classic literature ?
She may have had no particular feeling for him, but succumbed to his wish from propinquity or idleness, to find then that she was powerless in a snare of her own contriving.
I remember his insisting very especially (among other things) upon the idea that the principle source of error in all human investigations lay in the liability of the understanding to under-rate or to over-value the importance of an object, through mere mis-admeasurement of its propinquity.
But it was the constant shadow of my presence, the closest propinquity of the man whom he had most vilely wronged, and who had grown to exist only by this perpetual poison of the direst revenge
She loved Emma Jane, but it was a friendship born of propinquity and circumstance, not of true affinity.
Who is there that has yet to learn, that if the strongest bond to love is propinquity, so is its tenderest tie, sympathy?
As she walked, however, some footsteps approached behind her, the footsteps of a man; and owing to the briskness of his advance he was close at her heels and had said "Good morning" before she had been long aware of his propinquity.
He could hardly follow her outlining of the work he must do, so amazed was he by her delightful propinquity.
I believe that something more is included; and that propinquity of descent,--the only known cause of the similarity of organic beings,--is the bond, hidden as it is by various degrees of modification, which is partially revealed to us by our classifications.
But he reassured himself with a glance down at his host--a big man himself but dwarfed by the propinquity of the giant.
They may love other individuals far better than their relatives,--they may even cherish dislike, or positive hatred, to the latter; but yet, in view of death, the strong prejudice of propinquity revives, and impels the testator to send down his estate in the line marked out by custom so immemorial that it looks like nature.
In 'Farmhouse', bouncing off from the peculiar propinquity of her childhood rural retreat and a house of prostitution, she ruminates on the back-to-the-land ethos that animated the hippie movement, and explores some little-known culinary traditions of the Texan heartland, including a"maternity cake" for wedding showers that is shaped like a pregnant woman's swollen belly.
He thought of moving away a little to leave a space between them for fear that this propinquity between them might be offending her.