propionic acid

Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pro·pi·on·ic acid

An oily liquid acid, C3H6O2, found naturally in sweat, in milk products, and as a product of bacterial fermentation. Prepared synthetically from ethyl alcohol and carbon monoxide, it is used chiefly in the form of its propionates as a mold inhibitor in bread and as an ingredient in perfume. Also called propanoic acid.

[Greek pro-, first; see pro-2 + Greek pīōn, fat (from the fact that it is first in order among the fatty acids); see peiə- in Indo-European roots + -ic.]

propionic acid

(Elements & Compounds) the former name for propanoic acid
[C19: from Greek pro- first + pionic from piōn fat, because it is first in order of the fatty acids]

pro′pi•on′ic ac′id

(ˈproʊ piˈɒn ɪk, ˌproʊ-)

a colorless, oily, water-soluble liquid, C3H6O2, having a pungent odor: used in making bread-mold-inhibiting propionates and as a topical fungicide.
[1850–55; pro-2 + Greek pion- (s. of píōn) fat + -ic]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.propionic acid - a liquid fatty acid found in milk and sweat and in fuel distillates
fenoprofen, fenoprofen calcium, Nalfon - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Nalfon) used in the treatment of arthritis and other painful inflammatory disorders
Ansaid, flurbiprofen - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Ansaid) that is administered only orally
Advil, ibuprofen, isobutylphenyl propionic acid, Motrin, Nuprin - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an antipyretic; "daily use of ibuprofen can irritate the stomach"
ketoprofen, Orudis, Orudis KT, Oruvail - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Orudis or Orudis KT or Oruvail)
Naprosyn, naproxen - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Naprosyn) used in the treatment of arthritis and musculoskeletal inflammation and moderate pain
Aflaxen, Aleve, Anaprox, naproxen sodium - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen) that fights pain and inflammation
Daypro, oxaprozin - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Daypro)
carboxylic acid - an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
References in periodicals archive ?
This report segments the global carboxylic acids market as follows: Carboxylic Acids Market -- Product Segment Analysis Acetic acid Valeric acid Isovaleric acid Formic acid Propionic acid Butyric acid Isobutyric acid Citric acid Caproic acid Stearic acid Others (including benzoic acid) Carboxylic Acids Market & End-user Analysis Food & beverages Animal feed Pharmaceuticals Personal care & cosmetics Consumer goods Lubricants Others (including agrochemicals, textiles, chemical intermediates, rubber, etc.
They were unable to measure a third important SCFA, propionic acid, accurately.
83 mmol for the 30 mg CT treatment group, while those for propionic acid decreased by 0.
com)-- Global propionic acid market is expected to reach USD 1.
Monteiro says that some studies suggest that metabolites released by these bacteria, such as hydrogen sulphide and propionic acid, not only irritate the gut but may also indirectly affect the brain at a young age.
nucleatum's byproducts of lipopolysaccharide, fimbriae, proteinases and at least five different short-chain fatty acids (SCFA): butyric acid, isobutryic acid, isovaleric acid, propionic acid and acetic acid.
Propionic acid is a powerful and volatile antifungal agent used for protecting dry agricultural products, such as grain and cereals.
By what name is the drug isobutylphenyl propionic acid better known?
By what name is the drug isobutylphenyl Kerry Katona - see Question 7 propionic acid better known?
It does provide a tremendous amount of immune-enhancing and other health-promoting compounds such as beta-glucans, polyphenols, and various organic acids like gluconic acid, propionic acid, and malic acid.
Key ingredients include hydroxyphenoxy propionic acid, which removes surface pigmentation and inhibits melanin transfer; sodium tetrahydro-jasmonate, said to remove excess surface pigmentation and re-densifies skin; and vigna aconitifolia seed extract, which re-densities and firms the skin by promoting cell renewal and collagen synthesis, according to the company.