propionic acid

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pro·pi·on·ic acid

An oily liquid acid, C3H6O2, found naturally in sweat, in milk products, and as a product of bacterial fermentation. Prepared synthetically from ethyl alcohol and carbon monoxide, it is used chiefly in the form of its propionates as a mold inhibitor in bread and as an ingredient in perfume. Also called propanoic acid.

[Greek pro-, first; see pro-2 + Greek pīōn, fat (from the fact that it is first in order among the fatty acids); see peiə- in Indo-European roots + -ic.]

propionic acid

(Elements & Compounds) the former name for propanoic acid
[C19: from Greek pro- first + pionic from piōn fat, because it is first in order of the fatty acids]

pro′pi•on′ic ac′id

(ˈproʊ piˈɒn ɪk, ˌproʊ-)

a colorless, oily, water-soluble liquid, C3H6O2, having a pungent odor: used in making bread-mold-inhibiting propionates and as a topical fungicide.
[1850–55; pro-2 + Greek pion- (s. of píōn) fat + -ic]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.propionic acid - a liquid fatty acid found in milk and sweat and in fuel distillates
fenoprofen, fenoprofen calcium, Nalfon - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Nalfon) used in the treatment of arthritis and other painful inflammatory disorders
Ansaid, flurbiprofen - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Ansaid) that is administered only orally
Advil, ibuprofen, isobutylphenyl propionic acid, Motrin, Nuprin - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory and analgesic medicine (trade names Advil and Motrin and Nuprin) used to relieve the pain of arthritis and as an antipyretic; "daily use of ibuprofen can irritate the stomach"
ketoprofen, Orudis, Orudis KT, Oruvail - nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade names Orudis or Orudis KT or Oruvail)
Naprosyn, naproxen - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Naprosyn) used in the treatment of arthritis and musculoskeletal inflammation and moderate pain
Aflaxen, Aleve, Anaprox, naproxen sodium - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trademarks Aleve and Anaprox and Aflaxen) that fights pain and inflammation
Daypro, oxaprozin - a nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug (trade name Daypro)
carboxylic acid - an organic acid characterized by one or more carboxyl groups
References in periodicals archive ?
According to the company, the formulation of Sal CURB B is based on formaldehyde, propionic acid and surfactant agents.
Another operational variables studied in case of delignification of kikar wood by formic and propionic acid were percentages of acid and HCl as catalyst and S/L ratios.
The acid is different from the chelating agent and is selected from the group consisting of glycolic acid, citric acid, lactic acid, formic acid, acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid, valeric acid, caproic acid, gluconic acid, itaconic acid, trichloroacetic acid, benzoic acid, urea hydrochloride, and combinations thereof.
05) in total gas production, methane production, acetic acid, propionic acid, butyric acid and microbial population among the different treatments.
BASF and SINOPEC will expand the capacity of existing propionic acid production with an additional 30,000 metric tons annually at their state-of-the-art Verbund site, BASF-YPC Company Limited, a 50-50 joint venture in Nanjing, China.
Aqueous polyurethane dispersions is a polymer prepared from toluene di-isocyanate, polytetramethylene glycol, and 1,4-butanediol, with different weight percent of dimethylol propionic acid (DMPA) as anionic center.
UKPRwire, Mon Apr 24 2017] "Propionic Acid & Derivatives Market By Applications (Animal Feed & Grain Preservatives, Food Preservatives, Herbicides, Cellulose Acetate Propionate) & Geography Global Trends & Forecasts To 2018, defines and segments the global propionic acid market with an analysis and forecasting of the global consumption volume.
And HNK's antidepressant effect is not related to NMDA receptors, but is instead tied to activation of alpha-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptors.
The baseline concentration (t0) of propionic acid showed significant differences between groups I and II.