At 4 years old, he presented with a large anterior fontanelle, low-set ears, bushy eyebrows, synophrys, shallow orbit, mild proptosis
, hypertelorism, flat nasal bridge, micrognathia, downslanted palpebral fissures, short neck, stubby fingers, and joint hypermobility [Figure 1]a and [Figure 1]c; and his immunoglobulin E (IgE) increased (no exact data), but without allergic symptom.
These signs are followed by cataracts (Figure 1, panel C); proptosis
or hyperemia (Figure 1, panels B, D); agitation or lethargy; and, ultimately, death.
TED, which is also known as Graves' eye disease or Graves' orbitopathy, is an eye condition wherein the eye muscles and fatty tissue behind the eye become inflamed, often causing ailments such as proptosis
The clinical presentation of RB includes leucocoria, strabismus, conjunctival chemosis, proptosis
, and even blindness, which are attributed to late presentation and diagnosis.
There was a 4 mm proptosis
of the left eye compared with the right eye, measured with an exophthalmometer.
16-19 Orbital radiotherapy has been thought to be most effective in reducing inflammation with little or no change in proptosis
or muscle function, with an overall 60% response rate.
Patient has also shallow orbit causing some degree of proptosis
Here, we present a patient aged 12 years who had a right fronto-ethmoidal mucopyocele secondary to a probable trauma 2 years prior, which resulted in proptosis
due to pressure on the orbita.
Expansion of the extraocular muscles and orbital fat occurs leading to proptosis
, compressive optic neuropathy and compromised ocular motility resulting in diplopia.
Al examen fisico se evidenciaron multiples "manchas cafe con leche" en piel >0,5 mm, proptosis
ocular discreta OD, exotropia alternante, hiperemia conjuntival AO, nodulos de Lisch en iris OI, presion intraocular elevada, papilas opticas palidas y excavadas.
The aim of this study was to assess proptosis
measurement by MDCT and to compare it to the current standard, Hertel exophthalmometry.
They report regression of the patient's inflammatory signs associated with the disease but no change in proptosis