proteins


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Related to proteins: Amino acids

proteins

1. Molecules made up of long chains of amino acids. They are important as enzymes and in cell structure.
2. Complex nitrogenous compounds built from amino acids; essential constituents of living cells. Protein foods are vital for the growth and repair of the body.
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References in periodicals archive ?
This report analyzes the worldwide markets for Protein Ingredients in US$ Million by the following Product Categories/Segments: Animal Protein, (Fish, Meat, Milk, Egg, & Gelatin), and Plant Proteins (Soy, & Gluten).
Binding to dsRNA by these proteins may result in initiation of hellcase activity, concomitant with a conformational change that leads to recruiting additional cellular factors, including the recently identified IPS-1/MAVS protein (5,6).
In the current study, however, using a computer program to categorize 129 common plant food allergens, structural biologist John Jenkins of the British Institute of Food Research (IFR) and colleagues found that 65% of these proteins fell into just four structural families.
Because proteins are far smaller than the most diminutive bacterium, figuring out what each one looks like in its final, folded form is far from easy.
The human genome is known to encode over 500 different protein kinases, which are the key regulatory enzymes inside of cells that catalyze the phosphorylation of proteins at about 100,000 different sites to reversibly control their functional activities.
Edited by an expert in the field and with a distinguished international team of contributors, Proteins in Food Processing reviews how proteins may be used to enhance the nutritional, textural and other qualities of food products.
These results certainly suggest that women with some impairment of kidney function should avoid high protein diets and that there may be some advantage to use of plant proteins as compared to animal proteins.
Recently, the structural biology efforts have centered on enzymes in the chorismate metabolic pathways involved in amino acid biosynthesis and in structural genomics that involves determining the structures of "hypotheti cal" proteins to aid in assigning function.
Although slightly more expensive, hydrolysates are clearly superior to either dietary or intact proteins.
Latex products such as gloves, condoms and surgical blooms come into contact with humans, and contaminating proteins pose health risks.
Recombinant proteins are potentially advantageous in terms of higher efficacy and fewer side effects than other pharmaceutical products, as they can be more specifically targeted to the cause of the disease, rather than the treatment of its symptoms.
However, these genes appear to encode viral proteins with striking homology to those of paramyxoviruses.