provoke


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pro·voke

 (prə-vōk′)
tr.v. pro·voked, pro·vok·ing, pro·vokes
1. To incite to anger or resentment: taunts that provoked their rivals.
2. To stir to action or feeling: a remark that provoked me to reconsider.
3. To give rise to; bring about: a miscue that provoked laughter; news that provoked an uproar.
4. To bring about deliberately; induce: provoke a fight.

[Middle English provoken, from Old French provoquer, from Latin prōvocāre, to challenge : prō-, forth; see pro-1 + vocāre, to call; see wekw- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: provoke, incite, excite, stimulate, arouse, rouse, stir1
These verbs mean to move a person to action or feeling or to summon something into being by so moving a person. Provoke often merely states the consequences produced: "Let my presumption not provoke thy wrath" (Shakespeare)."a situation which in the country would have provoked meetings" (John Galsworthy).
To incite is to provoke and urge on: Members of the opposition incited the insurrection. Excite implies a strong or emotional reaction: The movie will fail—the plot excites little interest or curiosity. Stimulate suggests renewed vigor of action as if by spurring or goading: "Our vigilance was stimulated by our finding traces of a large ... encampment" (Francis Parkman).
To arouse means to awaken, as from inactivity or apathy; rouse means the same, but more strongly implies vigorous or emotional excitement: "In a democratic society like ours, relief must come through an aroused popular conscience that sears the conscience of the people's representatives" (Felix Frankfurter)."The oceangoing steamers ... roused in him wild and painful longings" (Arnold Bennett).
To stir is to cause activity, strong but usually agreeable feelings, trouble, or commotion: "It was him as stirred up th' young woman to preach last night" (George Eliot)."I have seldom been so ... stirred by any piece of writing" (Mark Twain). See Also Synonyms at annoy.

provoke

(prəˈvəʊk)
vb (tr)
1. to anger or infuriate
2. to cause to act or behave in a certain manner; incite or stimulate
3. to promote (certain feelings, esp anger, indignation, etc) in a person
4. obsolete to summon
[C15: from Latin prōvocāre to call forth, from vocāre to call]
proˈvoking adj
proˈvokingly adv

pro•voke

(prəˈvoʊk)

v.t. -voked, -vok•ing.
1. to anger, exasperate, or vex.
2. to stir up, arouse, or call forth (feelings, desires, or activity).
3. to incite or stimulate to action.
4. to give rise to, induce, or bring about.
[1400–50; < Latin prōvocāre to call forth, challenge, provoke =prō- pro-1 + vocāre to call]
pro•vok′er, n.
syn: See incite.

provoke


Past participle: provoked
Gerund: provoking

Imperative
provoke
provoke
Present
I provoke
you provoke
he/she/it provokes
we provoke
you provoke
they provoke
Preterite
I provoked
you provoked
he/she/it provoked
we provoked
you provoked
they provoked
Present Continuous
I am provoking
you are provoking
he/she/it is provoking
we are provoking
you are provoking
they are provoking
Present Perfect
I have provoked
you have provoked
he/she/it has provoked
we have provoked
you have provoked
they have provoked
Past Continuous
I was provoking
you were provoking
he/she/it was provoking
we were provoking
you were provoking
they were provoking
Past Perfect
I had provoked
you had provoked
he/she/it had provoked
we had provoked
you had provoked
they had provoked
Future
I will provoke
you will provoke
he/she/it will provoke
we will provoke
you will provoke
they will provoke
Future Perfect
I will have provoked
you will have provoked
he/she/it will have provoked
we will have provoked
you will have provoked
they will have provoked
Future Continuous
I will be provoking
you will be provoking
he/she/it will be provoking
we will be provoking
you will be provoking
they will be provoking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been provoking
you have been provoking
he/she/it has been provoking
we have been provoking
you have been provoking
they have been provoking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been provoking
you will have been provoking
he/she/it will have been provoking
we will have been provoking
you will have been provoking
they will have been provoking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been provoking
you had been provoking
he/she/it had been provoking
we had been provoking
you had been provoking
they had been provoking
Conditional
I would provoke
you would provoke
he/she/it would provoke
we would provoke
you would provoke
they would provoke
Past Conditional
I would have provoked
you would have provoked
he/she/it would have provoked
we would have provoked
you would have provoked
they would have provoked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.provoke - call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)provoke - call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses); "arouse pity"; "raise a smile"; "evoke sympathy"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
touch a chord, strike a chord - evoke a reaction, response, or emotion; "this writer strikes a chord with young women"; "The storyteller touched a chord"
ask for, invite - increase the likelihood of; "ask for trouble"; "invite criticism"
draw - elicit responses, such as objections, criticism, applause, etc.; "The President's comments drew sharp criticism from the Republicans"; "The comedian drew a lot of laughter"
rekindle - arouse again; "rekindle hopes"; "rekindle her love"
infatuate - arouse unreasoning love or passion in and cause to behave in an irrational way; "His new car has infatuated him"; "love has infatuated her"
prick - to cause a sharp emotional pain; "The thought of her unhappiness pricked his conscience"
fire up, stir up, wake, heat, ignite, inflame - arouse or excite feelings and passions; "The ostentatious way of living of the rich ignites the hatred of the poor"; "The refugees' fate stirred up compassion around the world"; "Wake old feelings of hatred"
stimulate, stir, shake up, excite, shake - stir the feelings, emotions, or peace of; "These stories shook the community"; "the civil war shook the country"
excite - arouse or elicit a feeling
anger - make angry; "The news angered him"
discomfit, discompose, untune, upset, disconcert - cause to lose one's composure
shame - cause to be ashamed
spite, wound, bruise, injure, offend, hurt - hurt the feelings of; "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"
overwhelm, sweep over, whelm, overpower, overtake, overcome - overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli
interest - excite the curiosity of; engage the interest of
2.provoke - evoke or provoke to appear or occur; "Her behavior provoked a quarrel between the couple"
bring up, call down, conjure, conjure up, invoke, call forth, put forward, arouse, evoke, stir, raise - summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic; "raise the specter of unemployment"; "he conjured wild birds in the air"; "call down the spirits from the mountain"
cause, do, make - give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally; "cause a commotion"; "make a stir"; "cause an accident"
pick - provoke; "pick a fight or a quarrel"
3.provoke - provide the needed stimulus for
entice, lure, tempt - provoke someone to do something through (often false or exaggerated) promises or persuasion; "He lured me into temptation"
rejuvenate - cause (a stream or river) to erode, as by an uplift of the land
jog - stimulate to remember; "jog my memory"
instigate, incite, stir up, set off - provoke or stir up; "incite a riot"; "set off great unrest among the people"
challenge - issue a challenge to; "Fischer challenged Spassky to a match"
agitate, foment, stir up - try to stir up public opinion
4.provoke - annoy continually or chronicallyprovoke - annoy continually or chronically; "He is known to harry his staff when he is overworked"; "This man harasses his female co-workers"
needle, goad - goad or provoke,as by constant criticism; "He needled her with his sarcastic remarks"
annoy, devil, gravel, irritate, nark, rile, vex, nettle, rag, bother, chafe, get at, get to - cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"; "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"
bedevil, dun, rag, torment, frustrate, crucify - treat cruelly; "The children tormented the stuttering teacher"
haze - harass by imposing humiliating or painful tasks, as in military institutions

provoke

verb
1. anger, insult, annoy, offend, irritate, infuriate, hassle (informal), aggravate (informal), incense, enrage, gall, put someone out, madden, exasperate, vex, affront, chafe, irk, rile, pique, get on someone's nerves (informal), get someone's back up, piss someone off (taboo slang), put someone's back up, try someone's patience, nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), make someone's blood boil, get in someone's hair (informal), rub someone up the wrong way (informal), take a rise out of I didn't want to do anything to provoke him.
anger calm, appease, placate, quiet, soothe, sweeten, pacify, mollify, conciliate, propitiate
2. rouse, cause, produce, lead to, move, fire, promote, occasion, excite, inspire, generate, prompt, stir, stimulate, motivate, induce, bring about, evoke, give rise to, precipitate, elicit, inflame, incite, instigate, kindle, foment, call forth, draw forth, bring on or down His comments have provoked a shocked reaction.
rouse ease, relieve, moderate, modify, temper, curb, blunt, lessen, lull, allay, mitigate, abate, assuage
Quotations
"No-one provokes me with impunity (Nemo me impune lacessit)" Motto of the Crown of Scotland and of all Scottish regiments

provoke

verb
1. To cause to feel or show anger:
Idioms: make one hot under the collar, make one's blood boil, put one's back up.
2. To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations:
Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin.
4. To behave so as to bring on (danger, for example):
Translations
يُثير، يَستَفِزيُسَبِّبيَسْتَفِز
provokovatrozzlobitvzbudit
fremkaldeprovokere
provokál
ergjaespavalda
išprovokuotiprovokacijaprovokacinisprovokatoriškaiprovokuojantis
izaicinātizprovocētizraisīt, izsauktkaitinātprovocēt
provokovať
kışkırtmakkızdırmakneden olmaköfkelendirmektahrik etmek

provoke

[prəˈvəʊk] VT
1. (= cause) [+ reaction, response] → provocar; [+ violence] → provocar, causar; [+ crisis] → causar
2. (= rouse, move) → incitar, mover (to a) it provoked us to actionnos incitó a obrar
it provoked the town to revoltincitó la ciudad a sublevarse
to provoke sb into doing sthincitar a algn a hacer algo
3. (= anger) → provocar, irritar
he is easily provokedse irrita por cualquier cosa, se le provoca fácilmente

provoke

[prəˈvəʊk] vt
(= annoy) [+ person] → provoquer
They are armed and ready to shoot if provoked → Ils sont armés et prêts à tirer si on les provoque.
to provoke each other → se provoquer
to provoke sb into doing sth → pousser qn à faire qch
(= cause, give rise to) [+ reaction, criticism, anger] → provoquer

provoke

vt sbprovozieren, reizen, herausfordern; animalreizen; reaction, anger, criticism, dismay, smilehervorrufen; lust, pityerwecken, erregen; reply, disputeprovozieren; discussion, revolt, showdownherbeiführen, auslösen; to provoke a quarrel or an argument (person) → Streit suchen; (action) → zu einem Streit führen; to provoke somebody into doing something or to do somethingjdn dazu bringen, dass er etw tut; (= taunt)jdn dazu treiben or so provozieren, dass er etw tut

provoke

[prəˈvəʊk] vt (gen) → provocare, incitare
to provoke sb to sth/to do or into doing sth → spingere qn a qc/a fare qc

provoke

(prəˈvəuk) verb
1. to make angry or irritated. Are you trying to provoke me?
2. to cause. His words provoked laughter.
3. to cause (a person etc) to react in an angry way. He was provoked into hitting her.
provocation (provəˈkeiʃən) noun
the act of provoking or state of being provoked.
proˈvocative (-ˈvokətiv) adjective
likely to rouse feeling, especially anger or sexual interest. provocative remarks; a provocative dress.
proˈvocatively adverb

provoke

vt provocar
References in classic literature ?
The number of wars which have happened or will happen in the world will always be found to be in proportion to the number and weight of the causes, whether REAL or PRETENDED, which PROVOKE or INVITE them.
He is not always cheerful, nor always contented, and she often complains of his ill-humour, which, however, of all persons, she ought to be the last to accuse him of, as he never displays it against her, except for such conduct as would provoke a saint.
There wasn't quite enough to provoke 'em to- day, I tell you.
Faith, sir, by the light God gives me, it seems I must have enchanters too, that persecute me as a creature and limb of your worship, and they must have put that nastiness there in order to provoke your patience to anger, and make you baste my ribs as you are wont to do.
Seeing this, Don Quixote ordered the keeper to take a stick to him and provoke him to make him come out.
The keeper, then, in full detail, and bit by bit, described the end of the contest, exalting to the best of his power and ability the valour of Don Quixote, at the sight of whom the lion quailed, and would not and dared not come out of the cage, although he had held the door open ever so long; and showing how, in consequence of his having represented to the knight that it was tempting God to provoke the lion in order to force him out, which he wished to have done, he very reluctantly, and altogether against his will, had allowed the door to be closed.
Restrain also the keen fury of my heart which provokes me to tread the ways of blood-curdling strife.
In the one case as in the other, on both sides the struggle provokes passion and stifles truth.
A man, 24, from Barnsley, was charged with obstructing/resisting an officer and using threatening/ abusive words with intent to cause fear/ provoke unlawful violence.
Provoke appeared in Japan during a decade of extraordinarily ferocious, unrelenting protest against the postwar government and its capitulations to American domination.
As for everything that goes on around us, there's a number of videos that have been uploaded on the web and clearly the English really did provoke them, and indeed the Welsh fans.
Political experts warn that placing religious and ethnic symbols might provoke incidents.