provoke


Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

pro·voke

 (prə-vōk′)
tr.v. pro·voked, pro·vok·ing, pro·vokes
1. To incite to anger or resentment: taunts that provoked their rivals.
2. To stir to action or feeling: a remark that provoked me to reconsider.
3. To give rise to; bring about: a miscue that provoked laughter; news that provoked an uproar.
4. To bring about deliberately; induce: provoke a fight.

[Middle English provoken, from Old French provoquer, from Latin prōvocāre, to challenge : prō-, forth; see pro-1 + vocāre, to call; see wekw- in Indo-European roots.]
Synonyms: provoke, incite, excite, stimulate, arouse, rouse, stir1
These verbs mean to move a person to action or feeling or to summon something into being by so moving a person. Provoke often merely states the consequences produced: "Let my presumption not provoke thy wrath" (Shakespeare). "a situation which in the country would have provoked meetings" (John Galsworthy).
To incite is to provoke and urge on: Members of the opposition incited the insurrection. Excite implies a strong or emotional reaction: The movie will fail—the plot excites little interest or curiosity. Stimulate suggests renewed vigor of action as if by spurring or goading: "Our vigilance was stimulated by our finding traces of a large ... encampment" (Francis Parkman).
To arouse means to awaken, as from inactivity or apathy; rouse means the same, but more strongly implies vigorous or emotional excitement: "In a democratic society like ours, relief must come through an aroused popular conscience that sears the conscience of the people's representatives" (Felix Frankfurter). "The oceangoing steamers ... roused in him wild and painful longings" (Arnold Bennett).
To stir is to cause activity, strong but usually agreeable feelings, trouble, or commotion: "It was him as stirred up th' young woman to preach last night" (George Eliot). "I have seldom been so ... stirred by any piece of writing" (Mark Twain). See Also Synonyms at annoy.

provoke

(prəˈvəʊk)
vb (tr)
1. to anger or infuriate
2. to cause to act or behave in a certain manner; incite or stimulate
3. to promote (certain feelings, esp anger, indignation, etc) in a person
4. obsolete to summon
[C15: from Latin prōvocāre to call forth, from vocāre to call]
proˈvoking adj
proˈvokingly adv

pro•voke

(prəˈvoʊk)

v.t. -voked, -vok•ing.
1. to anger, exasperate, or vex.
2. to stir up, arouse, or call forth (feelings, desires, or activity).
3. to incite or stimulate to action.
4. to give rise to, induce, or bring about.
[1400–50; < Latin prōvocāre to call forth, challenge, provoke =prō- pro-1 + vocāre to call]
pro•vok′er, n.
syn: See incite.

provoke


Past participle: provoked
Gerund: provoking

Imperative
provoke
provoke
Present
I provoke
you provoke
he/she/it provokes
we provoke
you provoke
they provoke
Preterite
I provoked
you provoked
he/she/it provoked
we provoked
you provoked
they provoked
Present Continuous
I am provoking
you are provoking
he/she/it is provoking
we are provoking
you are provoking
they are provoking
Present Perfect
I have provoked
you have provoked
he/she/it has provoked
we have provoked
you have provoked
they have provoked
Past Continuous
I was provoking
you were provoking
he/she/it was provoking
we were provoking
you were provoking
they were provoking
Past Perfect
I had provoked
you had provoked
he/she/it had provoked
we had provoked
you had provoked
they had provoked
Future
I will provoke
you will provoke
he/she/it will provoke
we will provoke
you will provoke
they will provoke
Future Perfect
I will have provoked
you will have provoked
he/she/it will have provoked
we will have provoked
you will have provoked
they will have provoked
Future Continuous
I will be provoking
you will be provoking
he/she/it will be provoking
we will be provoking
you will be provoking
they will be provoking
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been provoking
you have been provoking
he/she/it has been provoking
we have been provoking
you have been provoking
they have been provoking
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been provoking
you will have been provoking
he/she/it will have been provoking
we will have been provoking
you will have been provoking
they will have been provoking
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been provoking
you had been provoking
he/she/it had been provoking
we had been provoking
you had been provoking
they had been provoking
Conditional
I would provoke
you would provoke
he/she/it would provoke
we would provoke
you would provoke
they would provoke
Past Conditional
I would have provoked
you would have provoked
he/she/it would have provoked
we would have provoked
you would have provoked
they would have provoked
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.provoke - call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses)provoke - call forth (emotions, feelings, and responses); "arouse pity"; "raise a smile"; "evoke sympathy"
create, make - make or cause to be or to become; "make a mess in one's office"; "create a furor"
touch a chord, strike a chord - evoke a reaction, response, or emotion; "this writer strikes a chord with young women"; "The storyteller touched a chord"
ask for, invite - increase the likelihood of; "ask for trouble"; "invite criticism"
draw - elicit responses, such as objections, criticism, applause, etc.; "The President's comments drew sharp criticism from the Republicans"; "The comedian drew a lot of laughter"
rekindle - arouse again; "rekindle hopes"; "rekindle her love"
infatuate - arouse unreasoning love or passion in and cause to behave in an irrational way; "His new car has infatuated him"; "love has infatuated her"
prick - to cause a sharp emotional pain; "The thought of her unhappiness pricked his conscience"
fire up, stir up, wake, heat, ignite, inflame - arouse or excite feelings and passions; "The ostentatious way of living of the rich ignites the hatred of the poor"; "The refugees' fate stirred up compassion around the world"; "Wake old feelings of hatred"
stimulate, stir, shake up, excite, shake - stir the feelings, emotions, or peace of; "These stories shook the community"; "the civil war shook the country"
excite - arouse or elicit a feeling
anger - make angry; "The news angered him"
discomfit, discompose, untune, upset, disconcert - cause to lose one's composure
shame - cause to be ashamed
spite, wound, bruise, injure, offend, hurt - hurt the feelings of; "She hurt me when she did not include me among her guests"; "This remark really bruised my ego"
overwhelm, sweep over, whelm, overpower, overtake, overcome - overcome, as with emotions or perceptual stimuli
interest - excite the curiosity of; engage the interest of
2.provoke - evoke or provoke to appear or occur; "Her behavior provoked a quarrel between the couple"
bring up, call down, conjure, conjure up, invoke, call forth, put forward, arouse, evoke, stir, raise - summon into action or bring into existence, often as if by magic; "raise the specter of unemployment"; "he conjured wild birds in the air"; "call down the spirits from the mountain"
cause, do, make - give rise to; cause to happen or occur, not always intentionally; "cause a commotion"; "make a stir"; "cause an accident"
pick - provoke; "pick a fight or a quarrel"
3.provoke - provide the needed stimulus for
entice, lure, tempt - provoke someone to do something through (often false or exaggerated) promises or persuasion; "He lured me into temptation"
rejuvenate - cause (a stream or river) to erode, as by an uplift of the land
jog - stimulate to remember; "jog my memory"
instigate, incite, stir up, set off - provoke or stir up; "incite a riot"; "set off great unrest among the people"
challenge - issue a challenge to; "Fischer challenged Spassky to a match"
agitate, foment, stir up - try to stir up public opinion
4.provoke - annoy continually or chronicallyprovoke - annoy continually or chronically; "He is known to harry his staff when he is overworked"; "This man harasses his female co-workers"
needle, goad - goad or provoke,as by constant criticism; "He needled her with his sarcastic remarks"
annoy, devil, gravel, irritate, nark, rile, vex, nettle, rag, bother, chafe, get at, get to - cause annoyance in; disturb, especially by minor irritations; "Mosquitoes buzzing in my ear really bothers me"; "It irritates me that she never closes the door after she leaves"
bedevil, dun, rag, torment, frustrate, crucify - treat cruelly; "The children tormented the stuttering teacher"
haze - harass by imposing humiliating or painful tasks, as in military institutions

provoke

verb
1. anger, insult, annoy, offend, irritate, infuriate, hassle (informal), aggravate (informal), incense, enrage, gall, put someone out, madden, exasperate, vex, affront, chafe, irk, rile, pique, get on someone's nerves (informal), get someone's back up, piss someone off (taboo slang), put someone's back up, try someone's patience, nark (Brit., Austral., & N.Z. slang), make someone's blood boil, get in someone's hair (informal), rub someone up the wrong way (informal), take a rise out of I didn't want to do anything to provoke him.
anger calm, appease, placate, quiet, soothe, sweeten, pacify, mollify, conciliate, propitiate
2. rouse, cause, produce, lead to, move, fire, promote, occasion, excite, inspire, generate, prompt, stir, stimulate, motivate, induce, bring about, evoke, give rise to, precipitate, elicit, inflame, incite, instigate, kindle, foment, call forth, draw forth, bring on or down His comments have provoked a shocked reaction.
rouse ease, relieve, moderate, modify, temper, curb, blunt, lessen, lull, allay, mitigate, abate, assuage
Quotations
"No-one provokes me with impunity (Nemo me impune lacessit)" Motto of the Crown of Scotland and of all Scottish regiments

provoke

verb
1. To cause to feel or show anger:
Idioms: make one hot under the collar, make one's blood boil, put one's back up.
2. To trouble the nerves or peace of mind of, especially by repeated vexations:
Idioms: get in one's hair, get on one's nerves, get under one's skin.
4. To behave so as to bring on (danger, for example):
Translations
يُثير، يَستَفِزيُسَبِّبيَسْتَفِز
provokovatrozzlobitvzbudit
fremkaldeprovokere
provokál
ergjaespavalda
išprovokuotiprovokacijaprovokacinisprovokatoriškaiprovokuojantis
izaicinātizprovocētizraisīt, izsauktkaitinātprovocēt
provokovať
kışkırtmakkızdırmakneden olmaköfkelendirmektahrik etmek

provoke

[prəˈvəʊk] VT
1. (= cause) [+ reaction, response] → provocar; [+ violence] → provocar, causar; [+ crisis] → causar
2. (= rouse, move) → incitar, mover (to a) it provoked us to actionnos incitó a obrar
it provoked the town to revoltincitó la ciudad a sublevarse
to provoke sb into doing sthincitar a algn a hacer algo
3. (= anger) → provocar, irritar
he is easily provokedse irrita por cualquier cosa, se le provoca fácilmente

provoke

[prəˈvəʊk] vt
(= annoy) [+ person] → provoquer
They are armed and ready to shoot if provoked → Ils sont armés et prêts à tirer si on les provoque.
to provoke each other → se provoquer
to provoke sb into doing sth → pousser qn à faire qch
(= cause, give rise to) [+ reaction, criticism, anger] → provoquer

provoke

vt sbprovozieren, reizen, herausfordern; animalreizen; reaction, anger, criticism, dismay, smilehervorrufen; lust, pityerwecken, erregen; reply, disputeprovozieren; discussion, revolt, showdownherbeiführen, auslösen; to provoke a quarrel or an argument (person) → Streit suchen; (action) → zu einem Streit führen; to provoke somebody into doing something or to do somethingjdn dazu bringen, dass er etw tut; (= taunt)jdn dazu treiben or so provozieren, dass er etw tut

provoke

[prəˈvəʊk] vt (gen) → provocare, incitare
to provoke sb to sth/to do or into doing sth → spingere qn a qc/a fare qc

provoke

(prəˈvəuk) verb
1. to make angry or irritated. Are you trying to provoke me?
2. to cause. His words provoked laughter.
3. to cause (a person etc) to react in an angry way. He was provoked into hitting her.
provocation (provəˈkeiʃən) noun
the act of provoking or state of being provoked.
proˈvocative (-ˈvokətiv) adjective
likely to rouse feeling, especially anger or sexual interest. provocative remarks; a provocative dress.
proˈvocatively adverb

provoke

vt provocar
References in classic literature ?
Jo March, you are perverse enough to provoke a saint
Ay, ay," muttered the scout, who had listened to this peculiar burst of the natives with deep attention; "they have warmed their Indian feelings, and they'll soon provoke the Maquas to give them a speedy end.
It is dull enough to confuse the eye in following, pronounced enough to constantly irritate and provoke study, and when you follow the lame uncertain curves for a little distance they suddenly commit suicide--plunge off at outrageous angles, destroy themselves in unheard of contradictions.
Carr was too absorbed in business to give heed to what he looked upon as a convulsion of society as natural as a geological upheaval, and too prudent to provoke the criticism of his daughters by comment in their presence.
The pitiable mockery of it, which the world might have been ready enough to offer, coming so long after the agony had done its utmost work, would have been fit only to provoke bitterer laughter than poor Clifford was ever capable of.
We took up our line of march and passed out of Cambenet at noon; and it seemed to me unaccountably strange and odd that the King of Eng- land and his chief minister, marching manacled and fettered and yoked, in a slave convoy, could move by all manner of idle men and women, and under windows where sat the sweet and the lovely, and yet never attract a curious eye, never provoke a single remark.
Such conduct made them of course most exceedingly laughed at; but ridicule could not shame, and seemed hardly to provoke them.
His peevish reproofs wakened in her a naughty delight to provoke him: she was never so happy as when we were all scolding her at once, and she defying us with her bold, saucy look, and her ready words; turning Joseph's religious curses into ridicule, baiting me, and doing just what her father hated most - showing how her pretended insolence, which he thought real, had more power over Heathcliff than his kindness: how the boy would do HER bidding in anything, and HIS only when it suited his own inclination.
I won't provoke my betters with knowledge, thank you.
Henceforth his might we know, and know our own So as not either to provoke, or dread New warr, provok't; our better part remains To work in close design, by fraud or guile What force effected not: that he no less At length from us may find, who overcomes By force, hath overcome but half his foe.
Prior, an thou hast not made thy peace perfect with God, provoke the Friar no further.
I don't believe he may even eat or drink what he likes best; a taste for tripe and onions on his part would provoke a remonstrance from the Privy Council.