The holotype of Acadiella psalidodon comprises an associated right maxilla and partial mandibular ramus as well as part of the pterygoid
Pneumatization may extend into the greater and lesser wings of the sphenoid or pterygoid
process and the anterior clinoid process; it can also extend into the occipital bone.
within both pterygoid
sinuses; bilateral serous-suppurative and proliferative arthritis at the scapula-humeral junction; and generalized lymphadenomegalia.
Other variants include aeration of the medial pterygoid
process (44%), anterior clinoid process (13%) and posterior orbital wall (Fig.
15; isthmus completely scaled; scales 4/33/3, 10 in predorsal, 12 around caudal peduncle; pectoral fins iii,9, almost reaching pelvic fins; pelvic fins i,8, reaching anal fin; anal fin ii, 7; dorsal fin ii, 9, anterior to midbody; a small, anterior supraorbital; no circumorbitals; eyes lateral; mouth small, inferior, its opening below eye level in profile; teeth tricuspid, at least 5/5 on each side; pterygoid
teeth not observed; second dentary row not observed (specimens not dissected).
Severe TBI with multiple facial fractures, including the right pterygoid
process lateral plate, the right parasymphyseal mandible, the left maxillary sinus medial wall, and the nasal septum.
Laughlin showed how simple maneuvers such as "internal pterygoid
muscle release" can be done quickly in-office, providing greater comfort for patients with limited jaw opening, headaches, odd visual difficulties, even endocrine imbalances.
Anatomical structures include a prominent pterygoid
hamulus, large maxillary tuberosity, displaced third molar tooth or an elongated styloid process due to calcification of the stylohyoid ligament (Eagle's syndrome) (3).
Differences between pterygoid
and jaw tooth replacement have implications for evaluating the function of pterygoid
teeth in mosasaurs.
The internal pterygoid
was most often injected for the jaw opening and lateral deviation types.
Thus, the lifting movement of the jaw (mouth closed), the masseter muscle has the essential role, also the temporal muscle and the pterygoid
Management of dystonia of the lateral pterygoid
muscle with botulinum toxin A.