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Related to pterygoid: pterygoid bone, pterygoid muscle, pterygoid canal, Pterygoid fossa


1. Of, relating to, or located in the region of the sphenoid bone: a pterygoid muscle.
2. Resembling a wing; winglike.
Either of two processes descending from the body of the sphenoid bone.

[Greek pterugoeidēs, winglike : pterux, pterug-, wing; see pet- in Indo-European roots + -oeidēs, -oid.]


(Anatomy) wing-shaped
References in periodicals archive ?
The holotype of Acadiella psalidodon comprises an associated right maxilla and partial mandibular ramus as well as part of the pterygoid flange (NSM996GF69.
Pneumatization may extend into the greater and lesser wings of the sphenoid or pterygoid process and the anterior clinoid process; it can also extend into the occipital bone.
within both pterygoid sinuses; bilateral serous-suppurative and proliferative arthritis at the scapula-humeral junction; and generalized lymphadenomegalia.
Other variants include aeration of the medial pterygoid process (44%), anterior clinoid process (13%) and posterior orbital wall (Fig.
15; isthmus completely scaled; scales 4/33/3, 10 in predorsal, 12 around caudal peduncle; pectoral fins iii,9, almost reaching pelvic fins; pelvic fins i,8, reaching anal fin; anal fin ii, 7; dorsal fin ii, 9, anterior to midbody; a small, anterior supraorbital; no circumorbitals; eyes lateral; mouth small, inferior, its opening below eye level in profile; teeth tricuspid, at least 5/5 on each side; pterygoid teeth not observed; second dentary row not observed (specimens not dissected).
Severe TBI with multiple facial fractures, including the right pterygoid process lateral plate, the right parasymphyseal mandible, the left maxillary sinus medial wall, and the nasal septum.
Laughlin showed how simple maneuvers such as "internal pterygoid muscle release" can be done quickly in-office, providing greater comfort for patients with limited jaw opening, headaches, odd visual difficulties, even endocrine imbalances.
Anatomical structures include a prominent pterygoid hamulus, large maxillary tuberosity, displaced third molar tooth or an elongated styloid process due to calcification of the stylohyoid ligament (Eagle's syndrome) (3).
Differences between pterygoid and jaw tooth replacement have implications for evaluating the function of pterygoid teeth in mosasaurs.
The internal pterygoid was most often injected for the jaw opening and lateral deviation types.
Thus, the lifting movement of the jaw (mouth closed), the masseter muscle has the essential role, also the temporal muscle and the pterygoid muscle help.
Management of dystonia of the lateral pterygoid muscle with botulinum toxin A.