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Related to ptomaine: ptomaine poisoning


 (tō′mān′, tō-mān′)
A basic nitrogenous organic compound produced by bacterial putrefaction of protein.

[Italian ptomaina, from Greek ptōma, corpse, from piptein, ptō-, to fall; see pet- in Indo-European roots.]


(ˈtəʊmeɪn) or


(Biochemistry) any of a group of amines, such as cadaverine or putrescine, formed by decaying organic matter
[C19: from Italian ptomaina, from Greek ptoma corpse, from piptein to fall]


(ˈtoʊ meɪn, toʊˈmeɪn)

any of a class of foul-smelling nitrogenous substances produced by bacteria during putrefaction of animal or plant protein: formerly thought to cause food poisoning.
[< Italian ptomaina (1878) < Greek ptôma corpse + Italian -ina -ine2]
pto•main′ic, adj.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.ptomaine - any of various amines (such as putrescine or cadaverine) formed by the action of putrefactive bacteria
amine, aminoalkane - a compound derived from ammonia by replacing hydrogen atoms by univalent hydrocarbon radicals
putrescine - a colorless crystalline ptomaine with a foul odor that is produced in decaying animal matter
cadaverine - a colorless toxic ptomaine with an unpleasant odor formed during the putrefaction of animal tissue
2.ptomaine - a term for food poisoning that is no longer in scientific use; food poisoning was once thought to be caused by ingesting ptomaines
food poisoning, gastrointestinal disorder - illness caused by poisonous or contaminated food


A. N(p)tomaína f
B. CPD ptomaine poisoning Nenvenenamiento m (p)tomaínico


nLeichengift nt, → Ptomain nt (spec)


n tomaína
References in classic literature ?
To-morrow, or some other day, a ptomaine bug, or some other of a thousand bugs, might jump out upon him and drag him down.
Oh, yes, it was a full man's job, and I dosed and doctored, and pulled teeth, and dragged my patients through mild little things like ptomaine poisoning.
Later some men living in the Pecos Valley persuaded Ben to show them the mine, but the first night out, the party broke broke up, suffering from ptomaine poisoning.
The 9-dollar mystery-meat burgers at The Ptomaine Tavern?
28) In the ensuing years from 1911 until his death at age 54 on June 4, 1915, reportedly from ptomaine poisoning following an attack of acute indigestion, he continued to referee boxing matches--many at Madison Square Garden.
He died at 18 in Maine from ptomaine poisoning and was buried next to his father in Chesterville.