The altar: lacy lambrequin; solid gold cross, like a Roman short sword; chalice, pall and purificator
, chalice veil; ciborium, paten; cruets of amber Tokay.
His skullcap, purificator
, bishop's chasuble and a priest's stole, which he used during the beatification of Lorenzo Ruiz in Manila in 1981 will also be displayed.
1] at 25[degrees]C) using a Simplicity purificator
from Millipore (USA).
Chalice rims have been tested for bacteria after people have sipped (12, 22, 24), as have the purificator cloths that are used to wipe chalice rims between sips (12, 26).
These include bypassing the wine altogether; using fortified wine with a higher alcohol content to increase antimicrobial action; using individual spoons or individual cups; using a specially designed chalice from which many people can sip from separate compartments around the rim; intinction (the wafer is dipped into the wine either by the parishioner or by the priest); using chlorinated tap water during the consecration of the wine (the chlorine could help kill bacteria); dipping the purificator cloth into vodka to provide antimicrobial action; and distributing individually wrapped, sterile, disposable packs that contain a wafer and a small cup of wine (5,9,16-18,26,27,30).
An investigation performed by Page in 1925 included testing the rim of the communion chalice and the purificator used to clean it (7).
That same year, an extensive investigation by Hobbs, Knowlden, and White led to the conclusion that the risk of contracting infectious diseases via the common cup was small, in part because 90% of their test microorganisms were removed by a cloth purificator (15).
Called by them "the Exorcist," or "the Purificator
," MacAskill is a character for whom it is easy to feel empathy.
Experimental evidence shows that wiping the chalice with the purificator
(the white linen cloth), reduces the bacterial count by 90 per cent.
We fold square linens called purificators
in such a way that they hang over the chalice on each side.
On the counter were four used crystal chalices, two plates for hosts and four slightly soiled linen purificators
Volunteers served tables like waiters, the purificators
(used to wipe the cheap wine glasses) were disposable--I saw them in the bathroom--and the huge quantity of "leftovers" was shoved aside on some ugly trolley.