purple


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to purple: Purple Wave

pur·ple

 (pûr′pəl)
n.
1. Any of a group of colors with a hue between that of violet and red.
2. Cloth of a color between violet and red, formerly worn as a symbol of royalty or high office.
3. Imperial power; high rank: born to the purple.
4. Roman Catholic Church
a. The rank or office of a cardinal.
b. The rank or office of a bishop.
adj.
1. Of the color purple.
2. Royal or imperial; regal.
3. Elaborate and ornate: purple prose.
tr. & intr.v. pur·pled, pur·pling, pur·ples
To make or become purple.

[Middle English purpel, purple, dark crimson, from Old English purpul, from alteration (by dissimilation of the second r to l) of purpure, purple or dark crimson cloth, from Latin purpura, mollusk yielding Tyrian purple, Tyrian purple cloth, purple color, from Greek porphurā, of unknown origin.]

purple

(ˈpɜːpəl)
n
1. (Colours) any of various colours with a hue lying between red and blue and often highly saturated; a nonspectral colour
2. (Dyeing) a dye or pigment producing such a colour
3. (Textiles) cloth of this colour, often used to symbolize royalty or nobility
4. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) the purple high rank; nobility
5. (Roman Catholic Church)
a. the official robe of a cardinal
b. the rank, office, or authority of a cardinal as signified by this
6. (Ecclesiastical Terms) the purple bishops collectively
adj
7. (Colours) of the colour purple
8. (Literary & Literary Critical Terms) (of writing) excessively elaborate or full of imagery: purple prose.
9. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) noble or royal
[Old English, from Latin purpura purple dye, from Greek porphura the purple fish (Murex)]
ˈpurpleness n
ˈpurplish adj
ˈpurply adj

pur•ple

(ˈpɜr pəl)

n., adj. -pler, -plest, n.
1. any color having components of both red and blue, esp. one deep in tone.
2. cloth or clothing of this hue, esp. as formerly worn distinctively by persons of royal or other high rank.
3. the office of a cardinal or bishop.
4. imperial, regal, or princely rank or position.
adj.
5. of the color purple.
6. imperial, regal, or princely.
7. brilliant or showy.
8. full of exaggerated literary devices and effects; marked by excessively ornate rhetoric: purple prose.
9. profane or shocking, as language.
v.t., v.i.
10. to make or become purple.
Idioms:
born to the purple, of royal or exalted birth.
[before 1000; Middle English purpel (n. and adj.), Old English purple (adj.), variant of purpure < Latin purpura kind of shellfish yielding purple dye, the dye, cloth so dyed < Greek porphýra; compare porphyry]
pur′ple•ness, n.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.purple - a purple color or pigmentpurple - a purple color or pigment    
lavender - a pale purple color
mauve - a moderate purple
reddish purple, royal purple - a shade of purple tinged with red
reddish blue, violet - a variable color that lies beyond blue in the spectrum
2.purple - of imperial status; "he was born to the purple"
noblesse, nobility - the state of being of noble birth
Verb1.purple - become purple
discolour, discolor, color, colour - change color, often in an undesired manner; "The shirts discolored"
2.purple - color purple
color, color in, colorise, colorize, colour in, colourise, colourize, colour - add color to; "The child colored the drawings"; "Fall colored the trees"; "colorize black and white film"
Adj.1.purple - of a color intermediate between red and blue
chromatic - being or having or characterized by hue
2.purple - excessively elaborate or showily expressed; "a writer of empurpled literature"; "many purple passages"; "an over-embellished story of the fish that got away"
rhetorical - given to rhetoric, emphasizing style at the expense of thought; "mere rhetorical frippery"
3.purple - belonging to or befitting a supreme rulerpurple - belonging to or befitting a supreme ruler; "golden age of imperial splendor"; "purple tyrant"; "regal attire"; "treated with royal acclaim"; "the royal carriage of a stag's head"
noble - of or belonging to or constituting the hereditary aristocracy especially as derived from feudal times; "of noble birth"

purple

Shades of purple

amethyst, aubergine, burgundy, carmine, claret, dubonnet, gentian, gentian blue, heather, heliotrope, indigo, lavender, lilac, magenta, mauve, mulberry, pansy, peach-blow, periwinkle, plum, puce, royal purple, Tyrian purple, violet, wine
Translations
أرْجُوان، أرْجُوانيأُرْجُوَانِي
nachpurpurový
purpurvioletlilla
purpura
purppurasinipunainenvioletti
ljubičast
bíbor
fjólubláfjólublárfjólublár, purpuraliturfjólubláttpurpuralit
紫色の
자줏빛의
ostrumpurpura
purpurinė spalvapurpurinisvioletinė spalvavioletinis
purpurspurpursarkans
movpurpuriuviolet
purpurpurpurový
vijoličen
lila
ที่มีสีม่วง
tím

purple

[ˈpɜːpl]
A. ADJmorado
to go purple (in the face)enrojecer
Purple Heart (US) (Mil) decoración otorgada a los heridos de guerra
purple heart(píldora f de) anfetamina f
purple proseprosa f de estilo inflado
B. N (= colour) → púrpura f, morado m
C. VTpurpurar

purple

[ˈpɜːrpəl] adj (bluish)violet(te); (reddish)pourprePurple Heart n (US) décoration attribuée aux blessés de guerrepurple patch purple passage nétat m de grâce
She's enjoying a purple patch at the moment → Elle est en état de grâce en ce moment.

purple

adjviolett, lila; facedunkelrot, hochrot; (pej) prose, passagehochgestochen, hochtrabend; to go purple (in the face)hochrot werden or anlaufen (inf)
n
(= colour)Violett nt, → Lila nt
(fig) the purple (= nobility)der Adel; (= bishops)der Kardinalsstand; to be born to the purplevon königlichem Geblüt sein; to be raised to the purpleden Kardinalspurpur anlegen

purple

[ˈpɜːpl]
1. adjviola inv
to go purple (in the face) → diventare paonazzo/a, farsi di porpora
2. n (colour) → viola m inv (Rel) the purplela porpora

purple

(ˈpəːpl) noun, adjective
(of) a dark colour made by mixing blue and red.

purple

أُرْجُوَانِي purpurový purpur violett πορφυρός morado violetti violet ljubičast viola 紫色の 자줏빛의 paars purpurfarget purpurowy roxo пурпурный lila ที่มีสีม่วง mor tím 紫色的

pur·ple

n. color púrpura; morado.

purple

adj morado
References in classic literature ?
cried the poor things as they ate and warmed their purple hands at the comfortable blaze.
Staring into the boy's eyes, the man became purple with rage.
The buffalo-peas were blooming in pink and purple masses along the roadside, and the larks, perched on last year's dried sunflower stalks, were singing straight at the sun, their heads thrown back and their yellow breasts a-quiver.
At any rate, being a gentleman of steady nerves, he soon recovered himself, and failed not to approach his cousin with outstretched hand; adopting the sensible precaution, however, to cover his advance with a smile, so broad and sultry, that, had it been only half as warm as it looked, a trellis of grapes might at once have turned purple under its summer-like exposure.
The forests had put on their sober brown and yellow, while some trees of the tenderer kind had been nipped by the frosts into brilliant dyes of orange, purple, and scarlet.
I am no coward, but what to make of this head-peddling purple rascal altogether passed my comprehension.
As its name imports, it is of an exceedingly rich, mottled tint, with a bestreaked snowy and golden ground, dotted with spots of the deepest crimson and purple.
There are as many `blue' blackguards as there are `orange', and as many white as there are purple, or any other color, and I won't have any of my family mixed up with it.
Each time, Marija would emit a howl and fly at them, shaking her fists in their faces, stamping upon the floor, purple and incoherent with rage.
The silver, fair-browed moon rose in the purple sky, and looked down, calm and silent, as God looks on the scene of misery and oppression,--looked calmly on the lone black man, as he sat, with his arms folded, and his Bible on his knee.
We grounded the wire of a pocket electrical battery in that powder, we placed a whole magazine of Greek fire on each corner of the roof -- blue on one corner, green on another, red on another, and purple on the last -- and grounded a wire in each.
About five or half past we reached the summit, and all of a sudden the dense curtain of the forest parted and we looked down into a deep and beautiful gorge and out over a wide panorama of wooded mountains with their summits shining in the sun and their glade-furrowed sides dimmed with purple shade.