fracture

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fracture
left to right: transverse, oblique, and greenstick fractures

frac·ture

 (frăk′chər)
n.
1.
a. The act or process of breaking.
b. The condition of having been broken or ruptured: "a sudden and irreparable fracture of the established order" (W. Bruce Lincoln).
2. A break, rupture, or crack, especially in bone or cartilage.
3. Mineralogy
a. The characteristic manner in which a mineral breaks.
b. The characteristic appearance of the surface of a broken mineral.
4. Geology A crack or fault in a rock.
v. frac·tured, frac·tur·ing, frac·tures
v.tr.
1.
a. To cause to break: The impact of the fall fractured the bone. See Synonyms at break.
b. To undergo a break in (a bone): He fractured his ankle in the fall.
2. To disrupt or destroy as if by breaking: fractured the delicate balance of power.
3. To abuse or misuse flagrantly, as by violating rules: ignorant writers who fracture the language.
4. Slang To cause to laugh heartily: "Jack Benny fractured audiences ... for more than 50 years" (Newsweek).
v.intr.
To undergo a fracture.

[Middle English, from Old French, from Latin frāctūra, from frāctus, past participle of frangere, to break; see bhreg- in Indo-European roots.]

fracture

(ˈfræktʃə)
n
1. the act of breaking or the state of being broken
2. (Pathology)
a. the breaking or cracking of a bone or the tearing of a cartilage
3. a division, split, or breach
4. (Geological Science) mineralogy
a. the characteristic appearance of the surface of a freshly broken mineral or rock
b. the way in which a mineral or rock naturally breaks
vb
5. to break or cause to break; split
6. (Pathology) to break or crack (a bone) or (of a bone) to become broken or cracked
7. (Pathology) to tear (a cartilage) or (of a cartilage) to become torn
[C15: from Old French, from Latin fractūra, from frangere to break]
ˈfracturable adj
ˈfractural adj

frac•ture

(ˈfræk tʃər)

n., v. -tured, -tur•ing. n.
1. the breaking of a bone, cartilage, or the like, or the resulting condition. Compare compound fracture.
2. the act of breaking or the state of being broken.
3. a break; split.
4. the characteristic manner of breaking.
5. the characteristic appearance of a broken surface, as of a mineral.
v.t.
6. to cause or to suffer a fracture in.
7. to break; crack.
8. Slang. to amuse highly.
v.i.
9. to become fractured; break.
[1375–1425; late Middle English < Middle French < Latin frāctūra a breach, cleft, fracture]
frac′tur•a•ble, adj.
frac′tur•al, adj.
frac′tur•er, n.

frac·ture

(frăk′chər)
A break or crack in a bone, usually also involving injury to surrounding structures. A fracture occurs when a force greater than the strength of the bone is applied, as in a fall.

fracture


Past participle: fractured
Gerund: fracturing

Imperative
fracture
fracture
Present
I fracture
you fracture
he/she/it fractures
we fracture
you fracture
they fracture
Preterite
I fractured
you fractured
he/she/it fractured
we fractured
you fractured
they fractured
Present Continuous
I am fracturing
you are fracturing
he/she/it is fracturing
we are fracturing
you are fracturing
they are fracturing
Present Perfect
I have fractured
you have fractured
he/she/it has fractured
we have fractured
you have fractured
they have fractured
Past Continuous
I was fracturing
you were fracturing
he/she/it was fracturing
we were fracturing
you were fracturing
they were fracturing
Past Perfect
I had fractured
you had fractured
he/she/it had fractured
we had fractured
you had fractured
they had fractured
Future
I will fracture
you will fracture
he/she/it will fracture
we will fracture
you will fracture
they will fracture
Future Perfect
I will have fractured
you will have fractured
he/she/it will have fractured
we will have fractured
you will have fractured
they will have fractured
Future Continuous
I will be fracturing
you will be fracturing
he/she/it will be fracturing
we will be fracturing
you will be fracturing
they will be fracturing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been fracturing
you have been fracturing
he/she/it has been fracturing
we have been fracturing
you have been fracturing
they have been fracturing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been fracturing
you will have been fracturing
he/she/it will have been fracturing
we will have been fracturing
you will have been fracturing
they will have been fracturing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been fracturing
you had been fracturing
he/she/it had been fracturing
we had been fracturing
you had been fracturing
they had been fracturing
Conditional
I would fracture
you would fracture
he/she/it would fracture
we would fracture
you would fracture
they would fracture
Past Conditional
I would have fractured
you would have fractured
he/she/it would have fractured
we would have fractured
you would have fractured
they would have fractured

fracture


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A break in a bone. There are three types: closed, open, and complicated (closed or open).
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.fracture - breaking of hard tissue such as bonefracture - breaking of hard tissue such as bone; "it was a nasty fracture"; "the break seems to have been caused by a fall"
harm, hurt, injury, trauma - any physical damage to the body caused by violence or accident or fracture etc.
comminuted fracture - fracture in which the bone is splintered or crushed
complete fracture - break involving the entire width of the bone
compound fracture, open fracture - bone fracture associated with lacerated soft tissue or an open wound
compression fracture - fracture in which the bone collapses (especially in short bones such as vertebrae)
depressed fracture - fracture of the skull where the bone is pushed in
displaced fracture - fracture in which the two ends of the broken bone are separated from one another
fatigue fracture, stress fracture - fracture resulting from excessive activity rather than a specific injury
capillary fracture, hairline fracture - a fracture without separation of the fragments and the line of the break being very thin
incomplete fracture - fracture that does not go across the entire width of the bone
impacted fracture - fracture in which one broken end is wedged into the other broken end
closed fracture, simple fracture - an uncomplicated fracture in which the broken bones to not pierce the skin
2.fracture - (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the otherfracture - (geology) a crack in the earth's crust resulting from the displacement of one side with respect to the other; "they built it right over a geological fault"; "he studied the faulting of the earth's crust"
geology - a science that deals with the history of the earth as recorded in rocks
fault line - (geology) line determined by the intersection of a geological fault and the earth's surface
crack, scissure, cleft, crevice, fissure - a long narrow opening
inclined fault - a geological fault in which one side is above the other
strike-slip fault - a geological fault in which one of the adjacent surfaces appears to have moved horizontally
3.fracture - the act of cracking something
breaking, breakage, break - the act of breaking something; "the breakage was unavoidable"
Verb1.fracture - violate or abuse; "This writer really fractures the language"
abuse, misuse, pervert - change the inherent purpose or function of something; "Don't abuse the system"; "The director of the factory misused the funds intended for the health care of his workers"
2.fracture - interrupt, break, or destroy; "fracture the balance of power"
destroy, destruct - do away with, cause the destruction or undoing of; "The fire destroyed the house"
3.fracture - break into pieces; "The pothole fractured a bolt on the axle"
break - destroy the integrity of; usually by force; cause to separate into pieces or fragments; "He broke the glass plate"; "She broke the match"
4.fracture - become fractured; "The tibia fractured from the blow of the iron pipe"
fracture - break (a bone); "She broke her clavicle"
break off, discontinue, stop, break - prevent completion; "stop the project"; "break off the negotiations"
5.fracture - break (a bone); "She broke her clavicle"
fracture, break - fracture a bone of; "I broke my foot while playing hockey"
refracture - break (a bone) that was previously broken but mended in an abnormal way; "The surgeon had to refracture her wrist"
fracture - become fractured; "The tibia fractured from the blow of the iron pipe"
6.fracture - fracture a bone of; "I broke my foot while playing hockey"
injure, wound - cause injuries or bodily harm to
fracture - break (a bone); "She broke her clavicle"

fracture

noun
1. break, split, crack a double fracture of the right arm
2. cleft, opening, split, crack, gap, rent, breach, rift, rupture, crevice, fissure, schism large fractures in the crust creating the valleys
verb
1. break, split, crack, rupture You've fractured a rib.
2. split, separate, divide, rend, fragment, splinter, rupture a society that could fracture along class lines

fracture

verb
1. To crack or split into two or more fragments by means of or as a result of force, a blow, or strain:
2. To undergo partial breaking:
Translations
كَسْركَسْر، شَجَّـهيَكْسِر، يَشُجُّ
zlomeninazlomit
brudbrække
murtuma
prijelom
csonttöréseltörik
brjótabrot
骨折
골절
laužtilūžislūžtisulūžti
lūztlūzums
zlomenina
zlomzlomiti
fraktur
การแตกโดยเฉพาะกระดูก
vết rạn

fracture

[ˈfræktʃəʳ]
A. N (Med) (gen) → fractura f
B. VTfracturar
to fracture one's armfracturarse el brazo
C. VIfracturarse

fracture

[ˈfræktʃər]
n [bone] → fracture f
vtfracturer
vise fracturer

fracture

nBruch m; (Med also) → Fraktur f (spec)
vtbrechen; he fractured his shoulderer hat sich (dat)die Schulter gebrochen; fractured skullSchädelbruch m
vi (cheekbone etc)brechen

fracture

[ˈfræktʃəʳ]
1. nfrattura
2. vtfratturare
to fracture one's arm → fratturarsi un braccio
3. vifratturarsi

fracture

(ˈfrӕktʃə) noun
a break of anything hard, especially a bone. a fracture of the left thigh-bone.
verb
to break. The metal pipes (were) fractured.

fracture

كَسْر zlomenina brud Knochenbruch κάταγμα fractura murtuma fracture prijelom frattura 骨折 골절 breuk brudd złamanie fratura перелом fraktur การแตกโดยเฉพาะกระดูก kırık vết rạn 破裂

frac·ture

n. fractura, rotura; pop. quebradura;
incomplete ______ incompleta.

fracture

n fractura; boxer’s — fractura del boxeador; closed — fractura cerrada; comminuted — fractura conminuta; compound — fractura abierta or expuesta; green-stick — fractura en tallo verde; hairline — fisura, grieta, fractura muy fina; open — fractura abierta; pathologic — fractura patológica; skull — fractura craneal or de cráneo; spiral — fractura espiroidea; stress — fractura por estrés; vertebral compression — aplastamiento vertebral, fractura por compresión de una vertebra; vt, vi fracturar(se), quebrar(se); He fractured his femur..Se fracturó (quebró) el fémur…The bullet fractured his femur..La bala le fracturó (quebró) el fémur.