Pyrrhonism


Also found in: Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

Pyrrhonism

1. the Skeptic doctrines of Pyrrho and his followers, especially the assertion that, since all perceptions tend to be faulty, the wise man will consider the external circumstances of life to be unimportant and thus preserve tranquility.
2. extreme or absolute skepticism. Cf. Skepticism.Pyrrhonist, n.Pyrrhonian, Pyrrhonic, n., adj.
See also: Philosophy
References in classic literature ?
Tis a death worthy of a sage who has wavered all his life; a death which is neither flesh nor fish, like the mind of a veritable sceptic; a death all stamped with Pyrrhonism and hesitation, which holds the middle station betwixt heaven and earth, which leaves you in suspense.
consisted of an absolute disbelief in everything but Pyrrhonism.
And yet it seems clear that the "Apology" does not contain his last word on the subject, and that, as many scholars have pointed out, whatever endorsement he gives there to ancient Pyrrhonism must be qualified in light of the fact that he does seem to maintain beliefs, not only about appearances but also about reality itself.
My only reservation is with the description of Pyrrhonism as presenting 'an ad hominem argument'.
However, he sets a limit to skepticism and says that complete skepticism of the nature of pyrrhonism can lead to the death or end of a civilization (Eliot, Notes 29).
The modes of Agrippa are known today only because they were recorded by Sextus Empiricus, whose Outlines of Pyrrhonism and Against the Mathematicians are the only existing detailed accounts of Greek skepticism.
Like other ancient philosophy, Pyrrhonism "was directed not merely at understanding [.
That proto-phenomenologist and master critic of all forms of dogmatism, Sextus Empiricus--who believed that one ought to stick with what he called ta phainomena and avoid speculating as to what might be their non-appearing "causes"--had no trouble demonstrating the "inconceivability" of the Stoic epistemology (see, for instance, Outlines of Pyrrhonism II, 70ff).
Outlines of Pyrrhonism, in Greek and Roman Philosophy after Aristotle, ed.
Dryden was drawn to natural religion and Pyrrhonism (skepticism) then, Scott argues.
5) Rationalism, in evacuating the world of desire, desubstantiates it and thus becomes vulnerable to the pyrrhonism at its heart.
Sextus Empiricus: The transmission and recovery of Pyrrhonism.