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 (pī-ro͞o′vāt, pĭ-)
A salt or an ester of pyruvic acid.


(Biochemistry) biochem an ester or salt of pyruvic acid


(paɪˈru veɪt, pɪ-)

an ester or salt of pyruvic acid.
[1850–55; pyruv (ic acid) + -ate2]
References in periodicals archive ?
Lactic acidosis during sepsis is related to increased pyruvate production, not deficits in tissue oxygen availability.
Although these hybrid forms occur in most tissues, the B-type subunit predominates in aerobic tissues such as heart and is superior for lactate oxidation, whereas the A-type subunit predominates in tissues that are subject to anaerobic conditions, such as skeletal muscle and liver, and is best suited for pyruvate reduction.
In this study, taurine supplementation for 2 weeks resulted in a common phenomenon to decrease the pyruvate precursor amino acids; threonine, serine, and glycine in the two portions with different FT fiber composition in the GC muscle in rat.
These transformed cells were subjected to microarray analysis and one of the differentially expressed gene that was identified was enolase-2 (ENO-2) which is a glycolytic enzyme that catalyses the conversion of 2-phosphoglycerate to phosphoenol pyruvate.
DCA's principal site of action is the mitochondrial pyruvate dehydrogenase complex, a gatekeeper enzyme for regulating carbohydrate fuel metabolism in cells.
Mitochondria use a chemical formed from the digestion of sugar and fats, called pyruvate, to make another substance called ATP (adenosine triphosphate), which stores energy until needed.
As hydrogen ions accumulate, they combine with pyruvate to form lactate.
After 4 weeks of daily treatment the RA groups (especially over 10 mg/kg) were found to have lower scores of hepatic fibrosis grade and decreased serum alanine amino transferase and glutamate pyruvate transferase.
They found that using lactate promoted color stability in meat by converting lactate to pyruvate, the result of an increased LDH flux and the concomitant regeneration of NADH.
The new technique makes pyruvate molecules more detectable by cooling a sample of the chemical to absolute zero.
Topics addressed include strategies to modulate cellular energetic metabolism during sepsis, immunostimulation and blockade of apoptosis rational therapeutic strategies, modulating neutrophil apoptosis, HMGB1 as a potential therapeutic agent, poly (ADP-ribose) polymerase activation and circulatory shock, inhibiting glycogen synthase kinase 3[sz] in sepsis, ethyl pyruvate as a novel treatment for sepsis, cytoprotective and anti-inflammatory actions of carbon monoxide in organ injury and sepsis models, the hypothalamic pituitary adrenal axis in sepsis, modulating the endocrine response in sepsis, the neuronal strategy for inflammation, beta-blockade in burns, system interactions, and protecting the permeability pore and mitochondrial biogenesis.
One of the best and most well-known is the combination of metallic platinum with cinchona alkaloids, which catalyzes the hydrogenation of only one face of methyl pyruvate.