quasiparticle

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qua·si·par·ti·cle

 (kwā′zī-pär′tĭ-kəl, kwä′zē-)
n.
Any of various discrete physical phenomena, such as phonons, that can be modeled as particles and can be induced by the interaction of conventional particles.
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Noun1.quasiparticle - a quantum of energy (in a crystal lattice or other system) that has position and momentum and can in some respects be regarded as a particle
quantum - (physics) the smallest discrete quantity of some physical property that a system can possess (according to quantum theory)
References in periodicals archive ?
In fractional quantum Hall states - a type of collective electron state observed only in two dimensional samples at very high magnetic fields - the quasiparticles are known to have precisely a rational fraction of the electron charge, implying that they are anyons," Young said in the release.
By studying these modes, condensed matter researchers have recently uncovered new quantum states known as quasiparticles, including the Higgs mode.
It's here, down at the limits of physics, that solid materials give rise to so-called quasiparticles, whose unusual behavior gives them the potential to serve as the key components of quantum computers.
Quantum excitations often behave like new emergent particles--like quasiparticles, such as 'dropletons'--that give every appearance of being ordinary particles.
This tradition has now been expanded from familiar particles like electrons and protons to quasiparticles, which act like particles but aren't.
The team is currently imaging skyrmions -- quasiparticles with magnetic vortex-like configurations -- with immense appeal for future data storage and spintronic technologies.
Defining magnons as quasiparticles that describe quanta of spin waves in magneto-ordered media, Safonov says the concept allows perturbations of the magnetic material to be the represented as an evolution of magnon gas excited to some definite level or, classically, as an evolution of spin waves.
Brillouin scattering is an inelastic collision that may form or annihilate quasiparticles such as phonons, plasmons, and magnons.
y] outside the barrier are expressed in terms of the angle of incidence, p, of the quasiparticles Dirac fermions as:
1 Nonlinear Terahertz Studies of Ultrafast Quasiparticles Dynamics in Semiconductors (Michael Woerner and Thomas Elsaesser).
Objective: Majorana fermions were recently discovered in topological superconductors as exotic quasiparticles having the curious property of being their own antiparticles.
Planck was significantly supplemented and developed by another prominent German theoretical physicist Albert Einstein (1879-1955), who extended it to light radiation and introduced the concept of the flux of <<quanta of electromagnetic radiation>> for sunlight or <<photons>> peculiar quasiparticles without a rest mass [1, 2], So in physics, the concept of dualism (duality) for light, which was simultaneously a flux of quasiparticles (photons) and a set of electromagnetic waves of various lengths, was introduced.