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1. The belief that race accounts for differences in human character or ability and that a particular race is superior to others.
2. Discrimination or prejudice based on race.

rac′ist adj. & n.


(ˈreɪsɪzəm) or


1. (Sociology) the belief that races have distinctive cultural characteristics determined by hereditary factors and that this endows some races with an intrinsic superiority over others
2. (Sociology) abusive or aggressive behaviour towards members of another race on the basis of such a belief
ˈracist, ˈracialist n, adj
racialistic adj


(ˈreɪ sɪz əm)

1. a belief or doctrine that inherent differences among the various human races determine cultural or individual achievement, usu. involving the idea that one's own race is superior.
2. a policy, system of government, etc., based on such a doctrine.
3. hatred or intolerance of another race or other races.
[1865–70; < French racisme. See race2, -ism]
rac′ist, n., adj.


1. a belief that human races have distinctive characteristics that determine their respective cultures, usually involving the idea that one’s race is superior and has the right to control others.
2. a belief in a policy of enforcing the asserted right of control. — racist, n., adj.
See also: Attitudes
a belief that human races have distinctive characteristics that determine their respective cultures, usually involving the idea that one’s race is superior and has the right to control others. — racist, adj.
See also: Race
discrimination on the basis of race, especially against blacks and other non-whites.
See also: Discrimination



Jim Crow Racial discrimination; laws which forbid interracial contact, as in public places and schools; also, Jim Crowism. This term originated in the popular plantation song by Thomas D. “Daddy” Rice (1828):

Wheel about and turn about
And do jis so,
Ebry time I wheel about
I jump Jim Crow.

After the Civil War Reconstruction, the phrase was applied to the many laws which limited the rights of Blacks, and more loosely, to racial bigotry itself.

One hundred years of frustration and battle have not resulted in victory over Jim Crow and racism. (Freedomways, XIII, 1973)

The expression has also become a disparaging epithet for any Negro.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.racism - the prejudice that members of one race are intrinsically superior to members of other races
bias, prejudice, preconception - a partiality that prevents objective consideration of an issue or situation
antisemitism, anti-Semitism - the intense dislike for and prejudice against Jewish people
white supremacy - the prejudice that members of the white race are superior to members of other races
2.racism - discriminatory or abusive behavior towards members of another race
discrimination, favoritism, favouritism - unfair treatment of a person or group on the basis of prejudice
racial profiling - a form of racism consisting of the (alleged) policy of policemen who stop and search vehicles driven by persons belonging to particular racial groups


인종 차별주의
sự phân biệt chủng tộc


[ˈreɪsɪzəm] Nracismo m


[ˈreɪsɪzəm] nracisme m


nRassismus nt


[ˈreɪsɪzm] nrazzismo


تـَمْيِيزٌ عُنْصُرِيّ rasismus racisme Rassismus ρατσισμός racismo rasismi racisme rasizam razzismo 人種差別 인종 차별주의 racisme rasisme rasizm racismo расизм rasism การเหยียดเชื้อชาติ ırkçılık sự phân biệt chủng tộc 种族主义
References in periodicals archive ?
Racism is simply the belief that race is an inherent and determining factor in a person's or a people's character and capabilities, rendering some inferior and others superior.
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Racism is insidious ("From a white person to white people: We're complicit," uscatholic.
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HAVING announced my presidential initiative, a national campaign against racism, I now have many invitations to engage with local anti-racism efforts on the ground.
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BRENDAN GALLOWAY joined children from schools across Liverpool when they attended a Show Racism the Red Card educational session at Goodison Park.
Because Muslims are not a race, people believe that any type of violence or oppression directed towards them cannot be racially motivated; that this form of hatred--known as Islamophobia --cannot be racism.
They covers the history of race; defining and conceptualizing racism; anti-racism: law and policies; race, racism, and everyday life; race, racism, and qualitative methods; racism research: three case studies; and racism and future directions.