radiocarbon dating


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to radiocarbon dating: Potassium argon dating

radiocarbon dating

n.
A form of radiometric dating used to determine the age of organic remains in ancient objects, such as archaeological specimens, on the basis of the half-life of carbon-14 and a comparison between the ratio of carbon-12 to carbon-14 in a sample of the remains to the known ratio in living organisms. Also called carbon dating, carbon-14 dating.

radiocarbon dating

n
(Archaeology) a technique for determining the age of organic materials, such as wood, based on their content of the radioisotope 14C acquired from the atmosphere when they formed part of a living plant. The 14C decays to the nitrogen isotope 14N with a half-life of 5730 years. Measurement of the amount of radioactive carbon remaining in the material thus gives an estimate of its age. Also called: carbon-14 dating

radiocar′bon dat`ing


n.
determination of the age of objects of organic origin by measurement of their radiocarbon content.
[1950–55]

radiocarbon dating

A technique for measuring the age of organic remains based on the rate of decay of carbon 14. The carbon 14 present in an organism at the time of its death decays at a steady rate, and so the age of the remains can be calculated from the amount of carbon 14 that is left.
Did You Know? The cells of all living things contain carbon atoms that they take in from their environment. Back in the 1940s, the American chemist Willard Libby used this fact to determine the ages of organisms long dead. Most carbon atoms have six protons and six neutrons in their nuclei and are called carbon 12. Carbon 12 is very stable. But a tiny percentage of carbon is made of carbon 14, or radiocarbon, which has six protons and eight neutrons and is not stable: half of any sample of it decays into other atoms after 5,700 years. Carbon 14 is continually being created in the Earth's atmosphere by the interaction of nitrogen and gamma rays from outer space. Since atmospheric carbon 14 arises at about the same rate that the atom decays, the Earth's levels of carbon 14 have remained constant. In living organisms, which are always taking in carbon, the levels of carbon 14 likewise stay constant. But in a dead organism, no new carbon is coming in, and its carbon 14 gradually begins to decay. So by measuring carbon 14 levels in an organism that died long ago, researchers can figure out when it died. The procedure of radiocarbon dating can be used for remains that are up to 50,000 years old.

radiocarbon dating

1. carbon dating
2. Radiometric dating based on the decay of the isotope carbon-14. It is used to date organic materials less than 70,000 years old.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.radiocarbon dating - a chemical analysis used to determine the age of organic materials based on their content of the radioisotope carbon-14; believed to be reliable up to 40,000 years
dating, geological dating - use of chemical analysis to estimate the age of geological specimens
Translations
Radiokohlenstoffdatierung

radiocarbon dating

nprova del carbonio 14
References in periodicals archive ?
In the past the only way to date landslides in a given area was through the time-consuming and expensive process of radiocarbon dating rocks from a debris field.
Based on radiocarbon dating of animal bones he found in the caves, he proposed humans had settled in the area as far back as 30,000 years ago.
The finding pushed radiocarbon dating technique to its best capability, said ANSTOs Leader of the Centre for Accelerator Science, Professor David Cohen.
Researchers used radiocarbon dating to determine the ages of 28 of the animals, and estimated that one female was about 400 years old.
Radiocarbon dating of twigs, seeds and plant fragments from submerged sediment layers provides a solid age estimate for six stone artifacts excavated by scuba divers.
Radiocarbon dating carried out in July concluded that the manuscript may be at least 1,370 years old, meaning that it was written--at the latest--13 years after the death of the prophet Muhammad.
Since the technique was first developed in the late 1940s, radiocarbon dating has become an essential tool for researchers in the fields of archaeology, forensics, earth science, and art forgery detection, among many other disciplines.
Professor David Thomas, professor of Christianity and Islam at the University of Birmingham, said: "The radiocarbon dating of the Birmingham Koran folios has yielded a startling result and reveals one of the most surprising secrets of the university's collections.
The fragments which have been part of the universitys collection for nearly a century are at least 1370 years old, according to radiocarbon dating.
Radiocarbon dating found the manuscript to be at least 1,370 years old, making it among the earliest in existence.
Radiocarbon dating of other Michigan peat bogs suggests organic material buried 16 feet beneath current ground level might well have been in the environment 5,000 years or even longer.