Measurement of ventricular function with tomographic (SPECT) radionuclide ventriculography
(MUGA) decreases camera time, improves contrast resolution, accuracy of interpretation and the overall reliability of the study as compared to planar MUGA.
Nevertheless, radionuclide ventriculography
is not a practical and easily available test.
McGowan et al (15) conducted a systematic review of studies comparing echocardiography with reference standards of contrast or radionuclide ventriculography
Even though their HDL levels decreased, these patients showed reversal of their heart disease as measured by state-of-the-art techniques such as quantitative coronary arteriography, cardiac PET scans, thallium scans, and radionuclide ventriculography
in randomized controlled trials published in the leading peer-reviewed journals.
A diagnosis of heart failure can be confirmed with laboratory tests, such as an electrolyte panel, complete blood count, thyroid and liver function, chest x-ray, electrocardiogram, B-type natriuretic peptide assay, and echocardiogram or radionuclide ventriculography
They discussed echocardiography and radionuclide ventriculography
were more appropriate investigations for assessing cardiac function.
Cardiac morphology and function were assessed in all patients by Doppler echocardiography, radionuclide ventriculography
, or cardiac catheterization, when needed.
Initially, all had ejection fractions below 40%, based on radionuclide ventriculography
At the study's outset, all patients had ejection fractions below 40%, as evaluated by radionuclide ventriculography
Yancy stated, "Echocardiography or radionuclide ventriculography
are extremely important, but not practical or cost-effective methods to guide frequent management decisions.
Symptoms and signs of heart failure in patients with myocardial infarction: reproducibility and relationship to chest X-ray, radionuclide ventriculography
, and right heart catheterisation.