rail


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Related to rail: IRCTC

rail 1

 (rāl)
n.
1.
a. A bar extending horizontally between supports, as in a fence.
b. A structure made of such bars and supports and forming a barrier or guard; a railing.
2. A steel bar used, usually in pairs, as a track for railroad cars or other wheeled vehicles.
3. Sports A grind rail.
4. The railroad as a means of transportation: goods transported by rail.
5. A horizontal framing member in a door or in paneling.
tr.v. railed, rail·ing, rails
To supply or enclose with rails or a rail.

[Middle English raile, from Old French reille, from Latin rēgula, straight piece of wood, ruler; see reg- in Indo-European roots.]

rail 2

 (rāl)
n.
Any of various marsh birds of the family Rallidae, found worldwide and characteristically having brownish plumage and short wings.

[Middle English rale, from Old French rasle, probably named for their harsh cries and from Old French *rasler, to make a harsh noise (attested in Middle French rasler, to haggle, bellow like a stag), akin to Old French rasclar, to harrow, rake, from Old Provençal rasclar; see raclette.]

rail 3

 (rāl)
intr.v. railed, rail·ing, rails
To express objections or criticisms in bitter, harsh, or abusive language. See Synonyms at scold.

[Middle English railen, from Old French railler, to tease, joke, from Old Provençal ralhar, to chat, joke, from Vulgar Latin *ragulāre, to bray, from Late Latin ragere.]

rail′er n.

rail

(reɪl)
n
1. (Building) a horizontal bar of wood, metal, etc, supported by vertical posts, functioning as a fence, barrier, handrail, etc
2. (Building) a horizontal bar fixed to a wall on which to hang things: a picture rail.
3. (Building) a horizontal framing member in a door or piece of panelling. Compare stile2
4. (Building) short for railing
5. (Mechanical Engineering) one of a pair of parallel bars laid on a prepared track, roadway, etc, that serve as a guide and running surface for the wheels of a railway train, tramcar, etc
6. (Railways)
a. short for railway
b. (as modifier): rail transport.
7. (Nautical Terms) nautical a trim for finishing the top of a bulwark
8. off the rails
a. into or in a state of dysfunction or disorder
b. eccentric or mad
vb (tr)
9. to provide with a rail or railings
10. (usually foll by: in or off) to fence (an area) with rails
[C13: from Old French raille rod, from Latin rēgula ruler, straight piece of wood]
ˈrailless adj

rail

(reɪl)
vb
(intr; foll by at or against) to complain bitterly or vehemently: to rail against fate.
[C15: from Old French railler to mock, from Old Provençal ralhar to chatter, joke, from Late Latin ragere to yell, neigh]
ˈrailer n

rail

(reɪl)
n
(Animals) any of various small wading birds of the genus Rallus and related genera: family Rallidae, order Gruiformes (cranes, etc). They have short wings, long legs, and dark plumage
[C15: from Old French raale, perhaps from Latin rādere to scrape]

rail1

(reɪl)

n.
1. a bar of wood, metal, etc., fixed horizontally, as for a support, barrier, or fence.
2. a fence; railing.
3. one of a pair of steel bars that provide the running surfaces for the wheels of locomotives and railroad cars..
4. the railroad as a means of transportation: to travel by rail.
5. rails, stocks or bonds of railroad companies.
6. one of two fences marking the inside and outside boundaries of a racetrack.
7. a horizontal member capping a ship's bulwark.
8. any of various horizontal members framing paneling or the like, as in a paneled door or a window sash. Compare stile 2.
v.t.
9. to furnish or enclose with a rail or railing.
[1250–1300; Middle English raile < Old French raille bar, beam]

rail2

(reɪl)

v.i.
to utter bitter complaints or vehement denunciation (often fol. by at or against): to rail at fate.
[1425–75; late Middle English < Middle French railler to deride < Occitan ralhar to chatter < Vulgar Latin *ragulāre]

rail3

(reɪl)

n.
any of numerous usu. secretive birds of the family Rallidae, having short wings, a narrow body, and long toes, and inhabiting forests, grasslands, and esp. marshes in most parts of the world.
[1400–50; late Middle English rale < Old French raale (c. Occitan rascla), n. derivative of raler < Vulgar Latin *rāsiculāre, frequentative of Latin rādere (past participle rāsus) to scratch]

rail


Past participle: railed
Gerund: railing

Imperative
rail
rail
Present
I rail
you rail
he/she/it rails
we rail
you rail
they rail
Preterite
I railed
you railed
he/she/it railed
we railed
you railed
they railed
Present Continuous
I am railing
you are railing
he/she/it is railing
we are railing
you are railing
they are railing
Present Perfect
I have railed
you have railed
he/she/it has railed
we have railed
you have railed
they have railed
Past Continuous
I was railing
you were railing
he/she/it was railing
we were railing
you were railing
they were railing
Past Perfect
I had railed
you had railed
he/she/it had railed
we had railed
you had railed
they had railed
Future
I will rail
you will rail
he/she/it will rail
we will rail
you will rail
they will rail
Future Perfect
I will have railed
you will have railed
he/she/it will have railed
we will have railed
you will have railed
they will have railed
Future Continuous
I will be railing
you will be railing
he/she/it will be railing
we will be railing
you will be railing
they will be railing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been railing
you have been railing
he/she/it has been railing
we have been railing
you have been railing
they have been railing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been railing
you will have been railing
he/she/it will have been railing
we will have been railing
you will have been railing
they will have been railing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been railing
you had been railing
he/she/it had been railing
we had been railing
you had been railing
they had been railing
Conditional
I would rail
you would rail
he/she/it would rail
we would rail
you would rail
they would rail
Past Conditional
I would have railed
you would have railed
he/she/it would have railed
we would have railed
you would have railed
they would have railed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rail - a barrier consisting of a horizontal bar and supportsrail - a barrier consisting of a horizontal bar and supports
balusters, balustrade, banister, handrail, bannister - a railing at the side of a staircase or balcony to prevent people from falling
bar - (law) a railing that encloses the part of the courtroom where the judges and lawyers sit and the case is tried; "spectators were not allowed past the bar"
barrier - a structure or object that impedes free movement
fife rail - the railing surrounding the mast of a sailing vessel
ledger board - top rail of a fence or balustrade
guardrail, safety rail - a railing placed alongside a stairway or road for safety
taffrail - the railing around the stern of a ship
2.rail - short for railway; "he traveled by rail"; "he was concerned with rail safety"
railroad, railroad line, railway, railway line, railway system - line that is the commercial organization responsible for operating a system of transportation for trains that pull passengers or freight
3.rail - a bar or pair of parallel bars of rolled steel making the railway along which railroad cars or other vehicles can rollrail - a bar or pair of parallel bars of rolled steel making the railway along which railroad cars or other vehicles can roll
bar - a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon; "there were bars in the windows to prevent escape"
railroad track, railway, railroad - a line of track providing a runway for wheels; "he walked along the railroad track"
third rail - a rail through which electric current is supplied to an electric locomotive
streetcar track, tramline, tramway - the track on which trams or streetcars run
4.rail - a horizontal bar (usually of wood or metal)
bar - a rigid piece of metal or wood; usually used as a fastening or obstruction or weapon; "there were bars in the windows to prevent escape"
hitching bar, hitchrack - a fixed horizontal rail to which a horse can be hitched to prevent it from straying
ledger board - top rail of a fence or balustrade
picture rail - rail fixed to a wall for hanging pictures
plate rail - rail or narrow shelf fixed to a wall to display plates
fence rail, split rail - a rail that is split from a log
5.rail - any of numerous widely distributed small wading birds of the family Rallidae having short wings and very long toes for running on soft mud
wader, wading bird - any of many long-legged birds that wade in water in search of food
family Rallidae, Rallidae - rails; crakes; gallinules; coots
maori hen, weka, wood hen - flightless New Zealand rail of thievish disposition having short wings each with a spur used in fighting
crake - any of several short-billed Old World rails
notornis, Notornis mantelli, takahe - flightless New Zealand birds similar to gallinules
coot - slate-black slow-flying birds somewhat resembling ducks
Verb1.rail - complain bitterly
kvetch, plain, quetch, complain, sound off, kick - express complaints, discontent, displeasure, or unhappiness; "My mother complains all day"; "She has a lot to kick about"
2.rail - enclose with rails; "rail in the old graves"
hold in, enclose, confine - close in; darkness enclosed him"
3.rail - provide with rails; "The yard was railed"
architecture - the profession of designing buildings and environments with consideration for their esthetic effect
furnish, provide, supply, render - give something useful or necessary to; "We provided the room with an electrical heater"
4.rail - separate with a railing; "rail off the crowds from the Presidential palace"
divide, separate - make a division or separation
5.rail - convey (goods etc.) by rails; "fresh fruit are railed from Italy to Belgium"
transport - move something or somebody around; usually over long distances
6.rail - travel by rail or trainrail - travel by rail or train; "They railed from Rome to Venice"; "She trained to Hamburg"
ride - be carried or travel on or in a vehicle; "I ride to work in a bus"; "He rides the subway downtown every day"
7.rail - lay with rails; "hundreds of miles were railed out here"
lay, put down, repose - put in a horizontal position; "lay the books on the table"; "lay the patient carefully onto the bed"
8.rail - fish with a handline over the rails of a boat; "They are railing for fresh fish"
fish - catch or try to catch fish or shellfish; "I like to go fishing on weekends"
9.rail - spread negative information aboutrail - spread negative information about; "The Nazi propaganda vilified the Jews"
blackguard, clapperclaw, abuse, shout - use foul or abusive language towards; "The actress abused the policeman who gave her a parking ticket"; "The angry mother shouted at the teacher"
10.rail - criticize severely; "He fulminated against the Republicans' plan to cut Medicare"; "She railed against the bad social policies"
denounce - speak out against; "He denounced the Nazis"

rail

noun
1. handle, railing, shaft, banister, handrail, balustrade She gripped the hand rail in the lift.
2. track, points The train left the rails.
3. train, locomotive, rolling stock, freightliner He travelled by rail.
verb
1. complain, attack, abuse, blast, flame (informal), put down, criticize, censure, scold, castigate, revile, tear into (informal), diss (slang, chiefly U.S.), fulminate, inveigh, upbraid, lambast(e), vituperate, vociferate I'd cursed him and railed at him.
Translations
خُطوط سِكَّة الحَديدسُورقَضيب مَعْدَنييُسَيِّج بالقُضْبان
kolejnicezábradlíohraditdržák
stangindhegneskinne
kaide
prečka
elkerít
girîa af meî grindumjárnbrautarteinnrimill, riî
クイナゴネるののしる手すり
가로장
geležinkelisgeležinkeliuskersinisturėklas
marganožogot ar margām u.tmlpakaramaisšķērskokssliedes
drogkarnisaograjatiriželeznica
ledstångrallskällasmäda
ราว
parmaklıkparmaklıkla çevirmekrayasacağıaskılık
chấn song

rail

1 [reɪl]
A. N
1. (= handrail) (on stairs, bridge, balcony) → baranda f, barandilla f, pasamanos m inv; (for curtains) → riel m; (on ship) → barandilla f; (for feet) → apoyo m para los pies; (= fence) → valla f, cerco m
2. (for train) → carril m, riel m railsvía fsing
to go off or come off or leave the rails [train] → descarrilar
to send sth by railenviar algo por ferrocarril
to travel by railviajar por ferrocarril or en tren
to go off the rails [person] → descarrilarse
3. rails (Fin) → acciones fpl de sociedades ferroviarias
B. CPD rail accident Naccidente m de ferrocarril, accidente m ferroviario
rail journey Nviaje m por ferrocarril or en tren
rail strike Nhuelga f de ferroviarios
rail system Nred f ferroviaria, sistema m ferroviario
rail traffic Ntráfico m por ferrocarril
rail travel Nviajes mpl por ferrocarril or en tren
rail worker N (Brit) → ferroviario/a m/f, ferrocarrilero/a m/f (Mex)
see also pass A1
rail off VT + ADV [+ land, pond] → cercar con una barandilla, poner barandilla a

rail

2 (o.f.) [reɪl] VI (frm) to rail against sthclamar contra algo
to rail at sbrecriminar a algn, recriminarle algo a algn, recriminar a algn por hacer algo

rail

3 [reɪl] N (Orn) → rascón m

rail

[ˈreɪl]
n
(also handrail) [stairway] → rampe f; [bridge, balcony] → balustrade f; (on boat)bastingage m
Don't lean over the rail! → Ne vous penchez pas sur la balustrade!
(for hanging curtains)tringle f
(for train)rail m
by rail → en train
to leave the rails [train] → dérailler
to go off the rails [train] → dérailler (fig) [person] → s'écarter du droit chemin
to be back on the rails [career, negotiations, peace process, team] → être remis(e) sur les rails
modif [link, connection, service, system] → ferroviaire; [network] → ferré(e), ferroviaire; [accident, crash, disaster] → ferroviaire; [authority, industry] → ferroviaire, des chemins de fer; [staff] → des chemins de fer; [company] → ferroviaire, de chemin de fer; [fare, pass, ticket] → de train; [travel] → en train; [freight, passenger] → ferroviaire
rail journey → trajet m en train
rail strike → grève f des chemins de fer
rail traffic → trafic m ferroviaire
rail transport → transport m ferroviaire

rail

in cpdsBahn-;
railcar
nTriebwagen m
railcard
n (Brit Rail) → ˜ BahnCard® f; (for young people also) → ˜ Juniorenpass m, → ˜ Bahncard® f (für Junioren); (for families also) → ˜ Familienpass m, → ˜ Bahncard® f (für Familien); (for senior citizens also) → ˜ Seniorenpass m, → ˜ Bahncard® f (für Senioren)
rail company
nBahngesellschaft f
railhead
nEndbahnhof m; (= end of track)Gleisende nt

rail

:
rail strike
nBahnstreik m
rail traffic
nBahnverkehr m

rail

1
n
(on bridge, stairs etc) → Geländer nt; (Naut) → Reling f; (= curtain rail)Schiene f; (= towel rail)Handtuchhalter m; (= altar rail)Kommunionbank f; rails (= fence)Umzäunung f
(for train, tram) → Schiene f, → Gleis nt; to go off the rails (lit)entgleisen; (Brit fig) (morally) → auf die schiefe Bahn geraten; (mentally) → zu spinnen anfangen (inf); the project is back on the rails (fig)das Projekt verläuft wieder nach Plan
(= rail travel, railway)die (Eisen)bahn; to travel by railmit der Bahn fahren
vt goodsper or mit der Bahn verschicken or senden

rail

2
vi to rail at somebody/somethingjdn/etw beschimpfen; to rail against somebody/somethingüber jdn/etw schimpfen

rail

[reɪl] n
a. (bar) → sbarra, traversa; (banister) → corrimano; (on bridge, balcony) → parapetto; (of ship) → battagliola
towel rail → portasciugamani m inv
bath rail → maniglia del bagno
b. (for train) → rotaia
to go off the rails (train) → deragliare, uscire dal binario (fig) (be confused) → uscire di carreggiata (err) → sviarsi
by rail → in treno, per ferrovia
rail off vt + advrecintare una ringhiera

rail

(reil) noun
1. a (usually horizontal) bar of metal, wood etc used in fences etc, or for hanging things on. Don't lean over the rail; a curtain-rail; a towel-rail.
2. (usually in plural) a long bar of steel which forms the track on which trains etc run.
verb
(usually with in or off) to surround with a rail or rails. We'll rail that bit of ground off to stop people walking on it.
ˈrailing noun
(usually in plural) a fence or barrier of (usually vertical) metal or wooden bars. They've put railings up all round the park.
ˈrailroad noun
(American) a railway.
ˈrailway , (American) ˈrailroad noun
1. a track with (usually more than one set of) two (or sometimes three) parallel steel rails on which trains run. They're building a new railway; (also adjective) a railway station.
2. (sometimes in plural) the whole organization which is concerned with the running of trains, the building of tracks etc. He has a job on the railway; The railways are very badly run in some countries.
by rail
by or on the railway. goods sent by rail.

rail

سُور zábradlí stang Umzäunung κιγκλίδωμα riel kaide rampe prečka rotaia 가로장 leuning gelender poręcz corrimão перила ledstång ราว parmaklık chấn song 扶手

rail

n bed o side — barandilla, baranda
References in classic literature ?
How she did it, she never knew, but for the next few minutes she worked as if possessed, blindly obeying Laurie, who was quite self-possessed, and lying flat, held Amy up by his arm and hockey stick till Jo dragged a rail from the fence, and together they got the child out, more frightened than hurt.
After the wagon containing the berry pickers had passed, he went across the field through the tall mustard weeds and climbing a rail fence peered anxiously along the road to the town.
Well, Ned, it isn't exactly like going up in an airship," and Tom Swift who was gazing over the rail down into the deep blue water of the Caribbean Sea, over which their vessel was then steaming, looked at his chum beside him.
He drew up the rocker, hoisted his slippered feet on the rail, and proceeded to smoke a cigar.
Seated on the rail, with their hands in their pockets and their backs turned to Mr.
Outside of the bulwarks their eager crews with one hand clung to the rail, while one foot was expectantly poised on the gunwale.
Then rapidly pulling back towards the Pequod, and seeing Ahab leaning over the quarter-deck rail awaiting his report, he moulded his two hands into a trumpet and shouted -- No, Sir
In front, upon a raised platform behind a rail, sat a stout, florid-faced personage, with a nose broken out in purple blotches.
It must be observed that one of Sam's especial delights had been to ride in attendance on his master to all kinds of political gatherings, where, roosted on some rail fence, or perched aloft in some tree, he would sit watching the orators, with the greatest apparent gusto, and then, descending among the various brethren of his own color, assembled on the same errand, he would edify and delight them with the most ludicrous burlesques and imitations, all delivered with the most imperturbable earnestness and solemnity; and though the auditors immediately about him were generally of his own color, it not unfrequently happened that they were fringed pretty deeply with those of a fairer complexion, who listened, laughing and winking, to Sam's great self-congratulation.
When we got downtown I found that we could go by rail to within five miles of Heilbronn.
It was a picture of a young woman in a long white gown, standing on the rail of a bridge all ready to jump off, with her hair all down her back, and looking up to the moon, with the tears running down her face, and she had two arms folded across her breast, and two arms stretched out in front, and two more reaching up towards the moon -- and the idea was to see which pair would look best, and then scratch out all the other arms; but, as I was saying, she died before she got her mind made up, and now they kept this picture over the head of the bed in her room, and every time her birthday come they hung flowers on it.
Whenever the village had a drunken frolic and a dance, they would drag him in and crown him with cabbage leaves, and pretend to bow down to him; and one night when he was sick and nearly starved to death, they had him out and crowned him, and then they rode him on a rail about the village, and everybody followed along, beating tin pans and yelling.