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Raphe complex, externally it is strongly undulated with proximal and distant ends curved to the dorsal side.
Epidermoid inclusion cysts are benign tumors that occur after implantation of epidermal tissue into the dermis or subcutis, which may result either from trauma or abnormal embryologic closure of the median raphe and the urethral groove.
With respect to this, it has been demonstrated that the former is associated to the predominance of the median raphe (MR) over the dorsal raphe (DR) serotonergic nucleus, whereas the second disorder parallels the exhaustion of the DR(5HT) nucleus.
Testut (1905) reported variations in the anterior belly, with the presence of a supernumerary fascicle inserted in the raphe of the mylohyoid muscle, or in the hyoid bone or the digastric fossa of the opposite side.
Raphe nuclei (see graphic): A moderate-sized group of nuclei (clusters of neurons) found in the brainstem that releases serotonin to the rest of the brain.
Raphe Sonenshein, a political science professor at California State University, Fullerton, said many cities are struggling to shorten their meetings while still complying with provisions of the Ralph M.
Serotonergic neurons from the dorsal and medial raphe nuclei project to hypothalamus, activating the hypothalamo-pituitary-adenocortical (HPA) and the hypothalamo-pituitary-gonadal (HPG) axes in the rat (Fuller 1996; Jorgensen et al.
In addition, no accessory motor branches to the anterior head of the deltoid cross the raphe, so extending an incision through the raphe after protecting the main motor branch of the axillary does not place the innervation to the anterior deltoid at risk.
Then, the olfactory signal is transmitted to the hypothalamus and is sent over one of four pathways: to the thalamus, which releases the specific neurotransmitter (antidepressant, mood elevator, analgesic); to the locus ceruleus (causes the regulation of the autonomic system); to the pituitary (releases trophic hormones FSH, LH, ACTH, TSH); to or the raphe nucleus (triggers the release of serotonin, which acts as a calming agent).
A little farther up the brain stem, cell bodies for serotonin are found in the dorsal and median raphe nuclei.
3] The serotonin pathways are centered on the nine raphe nuclei of the brainstem.
It tends to occur first along the temporal raphe predominantly on the cellular side of the capillary bed.