rationalism


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Related to rationalism: empiricism

ra·tion·al·ism

 (răsh′ə-nə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. Reliance on reason as the best guide for belief and action.
2. Philosophy The theory that the exercise of reason, rather than experience, authority, or spiritual revelation, provides the primary basis for knowledge.

ra′tion·al·ist n.
ra′tion·al·is′tic adj.
ra′tion·al·is′ti·cal·ly adv.

rationalism

(ˈræʃənəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. reliance on reason rather than intuition to justify one's beliefs or actions
2. (Philosophy) philosophy
a. the doctrine that knowledge about reality can be obtained by reason alone without recourse to experience
b. the doctrine that human knowledge can all be encompassed within a single, usually deductive, system
c. the school of philosophy initiated by Descartes which held both the above doctrines
3. the belief that knowledge and truth are ascertained by rational thought and not by divine or supernatural revelation
ˈrationalist n
ˌrationalˈistic adj
ˌrationalˈistically adv

ra•tion•al•ism

(ˈræʃ ə nlˌɪz əm)

n.
1. the principle or habit of accepting reason as the supreme authority in matters of opinion, belief, or conduct.
2.
a. a philosophic doctrine that reason alone is a source of knowledge and is independent of experience.
b. a doctrine that all knowledge is expressible in self-evident propositions or their consequences.
3. a doctrine that human reason, unaided by divine revelation, is an adequate or the sole guide to all attainable religious truth.
[1790–1800]
ra′tion•al•ist, n.

rationalism

1. the doctrine that knowledge is gained only through the reason, a faculty independent of experience.
2. the doctrine that all knowledge is expressible in self-evident propositions or their consequences. — rationalist, n.rationalistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
2.rationalism - the theological doctrine that human reason rather than divine revelation establishes religious truth
theological doctrine - the doctrine of a religious group
deism, free thought - the form of theological rationalism that believes in God on the basis of reason without reference to revelation
3.rationalism - the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
Translations
racionalismus
racionalizam

rationalism

[ˈræʃnəlɪzəm] Nracionalismo m

rationalism

[ˈræʃənəlɪzəm] nrationalisme m

rationalism

rationalism

[ˌræʃənəˌlɪzəm] nrazionalismo
References in classic literature ?
I, for instance, would not be in the least surprised if all of a sudden, a propos of nothing, in the midst of general prosperity a gentleman with an ignoble, or rather with a reactionary and ironical, countenance were to arise and, putting his arms akimbo, say to us all: "I say, gentleman, hadn't we better kick over the whole show and scatter rationalism to the winds, simply to send these logarithms to the devil, and to enable us to live once more at our own sweet foolish will
His 'History of Rationalism in Europe,' for example, is a very fine monument of the most thorough research and most effective statement; but to a mature mind its interest is equally conspicuous.
Simon's rationalism, I still affirm that Becker was only partly present.
Karl Popper and Literary Theory: Critical Rationalism as a Philosophy of Literature
Together they provide a compelling record of the author's longstanding concerns, most important among these the precise meaning of Leibniz's rationalism--in what sense he maybe called a rationalist, and how his rationalism informs all of his other philosophical commitments.
The first reductio shows that, from supposing that Weak Modal Rationalism is true, it follows that conceivability both is and is not conclusive evidence for possibility.
To the waves of democratic expansion, social unrest, political revolutions, economic debacle, geopolitical uncertainty, and war, important intellectual elites of the Victorian Age responded with a deep and sweeping new approach to law: a "Great Alliance" between historicism, (4) rationalism, (5) and popular will.
First collected in Rationalism in Politics and Other Essays (1962), the most influential were written in the postwar decade when Britain was debating the terms of her return to normality.
Bennett, Words, Space, and the Audience: The Theatrical Tension Between Empiricism and Rationalism (New York: Palgrave Macmillan, 2012), Pages 179.
Callahan argues quite convincingly that Oakeshott's analysis of the errors of modern rationalism is both acute and accurate and that the American constitutional tradition has been informed by a highly rationalistic rhetorical style from the beginning.
His topics include the Qur'anic background of rationalism in early Islam, the encounter of Islamic rationalism with Greek culture, the autonomy of philosophy in Islam, the assimilation of Islamic philosophical thought and dissociation in the Latin Middle Ages, and the manifestation of Islamic thought in an intertwined world.
As the editors acknowledge, steps have been taken of late to explore more contextual, more varied approaches to philosophy in the early modern period and in particular to that strand in early modern philosophy known as rationalism.