rationalism


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Related to rationalism: empiricism

ra·tion·al·ism

 (răsh′ə-nə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. Reliance on reason as the best guide for belief and action.
2. Philosophy The theory that the exercise of reason, rather than experience, authority, or spiritual revelation, provides the primary basis for knowledge.

ra′tion·al·ist n.
ra′tion·al·is′tic adj.
ra′tion·al·is′ti·cal·ly adv.

rationalism

(ˈræʃənəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. reliance on reason rather than intuition to justify one's beliefs or actions
2. (Philosophy) philosophy
a. the doctrine that knowledge about reality can be obtained by reason alone without recourse to experience
b. the doctrine that human knowledge can all be encompassed within a single, usually deductive, system
c. the school of philosophy initiated by Descartes which held both the above doctrines
3. the belief that knowledge and truth are ascertained by rational thought and not by divine or supernatural revelation
ˈrationalist n
ˌrationalˈistic adj
ˌrationalˈistically adv

ra•tion•al•ism

(ˈræʃ ə nlˌɪz əm)

n.
1. the principle or habit of accepting reason as the supreme authority in matters of opinion, belief, or conduct.
2.
a. a philosophic doctrine that reason alone is a source of knowledge and is independent of experience.
b. a doctrine that all knowledge is expressible in self-evident propositions or their consequences.
3. a doctrine that human reason, unaided by divine revelation, is an adequate or the sole guide to all attainable religious truth.
[1790–1800]
ra′tion•al•ist, n.

rationalism

1. the doctrine that knowledge is gained only through the reason, a faculty independent of experience.
2. the doctrine that all knowledge is expressible in self-evident propositions or their consequences. — rationalist, n.rationalistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
2.rationalism - the theological doctrine that human reason rather than divine revelation establishes religious truth
theological doctrine - the doctrine of a religious group
deism, free thought - the form of theological rationalism that believes in God on the basis of reason without reference to revelation
3.rationalism - the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
Translations
racionalismus
racionalizam

rationalism

[ˈræʃnəlɪzəm] Nracionalismo m

rationalism

[ˈræʃənəlɪzəm] nrationalisme m

rationalism

rationalism

[ˌræʃənəˌlɪzəm] nrazionalismo
References in classic literature ?
I, for instance, would not be in the least surprised if all of a sudden, a propos of nothing, in the midst of general prosperity a gentleman with an ignoble, or rather with a reactionary and ironical, countenance were to arise and, putting his arms akimbo, say to us all: "I say, gentleman, hadn't we better kick over the whole show and scatter rationalism to the winds, simply to send these logarithms to the devil, and to enable us to live once more at our own sweet foolish will
His 'History of Rationalism in Europe,' for example, is a very fine monument of the most thorough research and most effective statement; but to a mature mind its interest is equally conspicuous.
Simon's rationalism, I still affirm that Becker was only partly present.
Indeed, what Al Qaeda apparently hates most about "the West" are its best points: the pluralism, the rationalism, individual liberty, the emancipation of women, the openness and social dynamism that represent the strongest legacy of the Enlightenment.
In the Kabakovs' view, European and American rationalism sees emptiness as a lack, whereas Russian emptiness is an active force--transcendence with a history.
That makes Jesus accessible as one in whom the archetypes are once again effective, thus breaking the grip of nineteenth- and twentieth-century rationalism.
Greek rationalism challenged ancient mythologies and the authority of the clergy.
His science initially fell under the shadow of Bacon and Newton; his rationalism did not win the hearts of either the romantics or the religious, even though in the last two centuries large numbers of both political right and left found Cartesian boldness and reason fundamental to defining the French spirit.
And please note the total bankruptcy of Utopian Marxism and rationalism throughout the world.
Its March issue carries a major article by McGuinness entitled `Economic Rationalism and Scientific Irrationalism'.
The emergence of the 1970s consciousness reformation in the United States, which featured the rise of such Asian-inspired "cults" as the Unification Church and the Hare Krishnas, typically has been attributed to the willingness of young adults in the baby boom generation to challenge Western materialism, individualism, and rationalism.
It's also a metaphysical tussle between the forces of science and rationalism - chiefly personified by Mr.