rationalism

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ra·tion·al·ism

 (răsh′ə-nə-lĭz′əm)
n.
1. Reliance on reason as the best guide for belief and action.
2. Philosophy The theory that the exercise of reason, rather than experience, authority, or spiritual revelation, provides the primary basis for knowledge.

ra′tion·al·ist n.
ra′tion·al·is′tic adj.
ra′tion·al·is′ti·cal·ly adv.

rationalism

(ˈræʃənəˌlɪzəm)
n
1. reliance on reason rather than intuition to justify one's beliefs or actions
2. (Philosophy) philosophy
a. the doctrine that knowledge about reality can be obtained by reason alone without recourse to experience
b. the doctrine that human knowledge can all be encompassed within a single, usually deductive, system
c. the school of philosophy initiated by Descartes which held both the above doctrines
3. the belief that knowledge and truth are ascertained by rational thought and not by divine or supernatural revelation
ˈrationalist n
ˌrationalˈistic adj
ˌrationalˈistically adv

ra•tion•al•ism

(ˈræʃ ə nlˌɪz əm)

n.
1. the principle or habit of accepting reason as the supreme authority in matters of opinion, belief, or conduct.
2.
a. a philosophic doctrine that reason alone is a source of knowledge and is independent of experience.
b. a doctrine that all knowledge is expressible in self-evident propositions or their consequences.
3. a doctrine that human reason, unaided by divine revelation, is an adequate or the sole guide to all attainable religious truth.
[1790–1800]
ra′tion•al•ist, n.

rationalism

1. the doctrine that knowledge is gained only through the reason, a faculty independent of experience.
2. the doctrine that all knowledge is expressible in self-evident propositions or their consequences. — rationalist, n.rationalistic, adj.
See also: Philosophy
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.rationalism - (philosophy) the doctrine that knowledge is acquired by reason without resort to experience
philosophy - the rational investigation of questions about existence and knowledge and ethics
philosophical doctrine, philosophical theory - a doctrine accepted by adherents to a philosophy
2.rationalism - the theological doctrine that human reason rather than divine revelation establishes religious truth
theological doctrine - the doctrine of a religious group
deism, free thought - the form of theological rationalism that believes in God on the basis of reason without reference to revelation
3.rationalism - the doctrine that reason is the right basis for regulating conduct
doctrine, ism, philosophical system, philosophy, school of thought - a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
Translations
racionalismus
racionalizam

rationalism

[ˈræʃnəlɪzəm] Nracionalismo m

rationalism

[ˈræʃənəlɪzəm] nrationalisme m

rationalism

rationalism

[ˌræʃənəˌlɪzəm] nrazionalismo
References in classic literature ?
When Christian ideas succumbed in the 18th century to rationalist ideas, feudal society fought its death battle with the then revolutionary bourgeoisie.
EVEN as the Centre claimed that there are no similarities in the killing of rationalists Dr MM Kalburgi, Govind Pansare and Narendra Dabholkar, the Karnataka CID are of the view that there is sufficient evidence to indicate that all the three murders are linked and committed by the same group.
In like vein, Levy argues that the rationalists are right to "expect groups to exercise more power over their members than can be justified by their free associational choices"; but that the pluralists are likewise right to "expect states to exercise more power over groups than can be justified by the freedom of groups' members.
Families of rationalists killed in Maharashtra and Karnataka have raised concerns the killings have been conducted in a similar manner.
nz/news/national/263564/call-for-nz-blasphemy-law-to-be-scrapped) Radio NZ , the Humanist Society of New Zealand and the New Zealand Association of Rationalists and Humanists said the legislation only protected religions rather than religious groups from discrimination.
I call them "conventional rationalizers" and "crazy rationalists.
My parents were rationalists who came from different religious backgrounds; my father, Joseph Edamaruku, came from a Syrian Christian family.
When voting, Macedonian citizens will have to transform themselves from blind nationalists to European rationalists, which is impossible.
Thus it is perfectly legitimate that rationalists criticize, even severely criticize, religion, whether it is a question of religion in general or of a particular religion.
Their letters are a reminder that the Founders were men of the Enlightenment - supreme rationalists who would have found the religiosity of much of our modern political life quite abhorrent.
Professor Narinder Nayak, president of the Federation of Indian Rationalists Association, will give a lecture called Exposing Miracles between 4pm and 7pm on Sunday at Rookery Road Junior School in Handsworth.