Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to rauwolfia: Rauwolfia serpentina
Any of various tropical trees and shrubs of the genus Rauvolfia, especially R. serpentina, of South and Southeast Asia, the root of which is the source of alkaloid drugs such as reserpine.
[Variant of New Latin Rauvolfia, genus name, after Leonhard Rauwolf (1535-1596), German botanist.]
1. (Plants) any tropical tree or shrub of the apocynaceous genus Rauwolfia, esp R. serpentina of SE Asia
2. (Pharmacology) the powdered root of R. serpentina: a source of various drugs, esp reserpine
[C19: New Latin, named after Leonhard Rauwolf (died 1596), German botanist]
rau•wol•fi•a(rɔˈwʊl fi ə, raʊ-)
n., pl. -fi•as.
1. any of various tropical trees or shrubs of the genus Rauwolfia, of the dogbane family, esp. R.serpentina, of India.
2. an extract from the roots of R. serpentina, containing reserpine.
[1745–55; < New Latin, after Latin. Rauwolf, 16th-century German botanist; see -ia]
Switch to new thesaurus
|Noun||1.||rauwolfia - any of several alkaloids extracted from the shrub Rauwolfia serpentina|
Raudixin, Rau-Sed, reserpine, Sandril, Serpasil - antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau-Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
alkaloid - natural bases containing nitrogen found in plants
|2.||rauwolfia - any shrub or small tree of the genus Rauwolfia having leaves in whorls and cymose flowers; yield substances used medicinally especially as emetics or purgatives or antihypertensives|
Rauwolfia serpentina, snakewood - East Indian climbing shrub with twisted limbs and roots resembling serpents