reciprocal inhibition

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Noun1.reciprocal inhibition - a method of behavior therapy based on the inhibition of one response by the occurrence of another response that is mutually incompatible with it; a relaxation response might be conditioned to a stimulus that previously evoked anxiety
behavior modification, behavior therapy - psychotherapy that seeks to extinguish or inhibit abnormal or maladaptive behavior by reinforcing desired behavior and extinguishing undesired behavior
References in periodicals archive ?
Reciprocal inhibition (Wolpe, 1968)--the pairing of exposure and relaxation--has always been central to effective treatment of trauma.
The same sequence is applied for the next dynamic technique in which the subject is asked to actively extend his leg, so that reciprocal inhibition of the hamstrings can be achieved.
Monosynaptic reflexes are hyperactive, H-reflex and reciprocal inhibition are sustained.
When a stretch reflex excites one muscle it simultaneously inhibits the agonist muscles, which is called reciprocal inhibition this takes place due to reciprocal innervation.
Wolpe extended the principal of reciprocal inhibition to state that if a response is incompatible with the learned 'fear' or 'anxiety' it can be made to occur to a stimulus that had been conditioned to produce that fear, then that stimulus will cease to elicit the fear reaction.
Baranowsky, a clinical psychologist specializing in trauma, and Gentry, a psychotherapist and consultant specializing in traumatic stress and compassion fatigue, focus on the use of the principle of reciprocal inhibition as a core skill and explain the foundations of the tri-phasic model and behavioral, cognitive, and cognitive behavioral therapy, as well as physiological pathways for behavioral phenomena; the skills and techniques for the treatment phases of safety and stabilization, working through trauma and traumatic memories, and reconnection with the self, family, and loved ones; and integrative and clinician self-care models.
As possible factors limiting maximal activation in antagonistic muscles during co-contraction, the influences of inhibitory systems occurring at both central and peripheral sites, such as dual-task interference and Ia reciprocal inhibition as well as recurrent inhibition might be considered (Maeo et al.
Massage therapists are familiar with reciprocal inhibition, PNF (proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation) and pin and stretch' techniques.
Through Reciprocal Inhibition, the tight muscle is relaxed, and allowed to lengthen.
Likewise, exposure therapy is effective because it encourages patients to reprocess the trauma in a controlled, supportive environment that often links negative traumatic experiences with pleasant thoughts and ideas - especially when reciprocal inhibition or desensitization techniques are used.
This book emphasises much on the cognitive behavioural approach and applies the principles of reciprocal inhibition, pairing of exposures to traumatic memories, and relaxation.

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