recognizance

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Related to recognisances: recognizances

re·cog·ni·zance

 (rĭ-kŏg′nĭ-zəns, -kŏn′ĭ-)
n. Law
1. An obligation, entered into before a judge or magistrate, to perform a particular action, such as appearing in court, without the posting of a bond: released on his own recognizance.
2. A sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an action.

[Middle English recognisanze, from Old French recognuissance, alteration (influenced by Medieval Latin recognizāre, to recognize) of reconoissance, from reconoistre, reconoiss-, to recognize; see recognize.]

re·cog′ni·zant adj.

recognizance

(rɪˈkɒɡnɪzəns) or

recognisance

n
1. (Law) law
a. a bond entered into before a court or magistrate by which a person binds himself to do a specified act, as to appear in court on a stated day, keep the peace, or pay a debt
b. a monetary sum pledged to the performance of such an act
2. an obsolete word for recognition
[C14: from Old French reconoissance, from reconoistre to recognize]
reˈcognizant, reˈcognisant adj

re•cog•ni•zance

(rɪˈkɒg nə zəns, -ˈkɒn ə-)

n.
Law.
a. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, usu. binding a person to appear for trial or forfeit a specified amount of money.
b. the sum pledged as surety.
[1350–1400; Middle English reconissaunce, recognisance < Old French reconuissance]

recognizance

A legal obligation to do something, such as appear in court at a later date, that someone enters into before a court or magistrate.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recognizance - (law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law; on failure to perform that act a sum is forfeited
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
surety, security - property that your creditor can claim in case you default on your obligation; "bankers are reluctant to lend without good security"
bail, bail bond, bond - (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial; "the judge set bail at $10,000"; "a $10,000 bond was furnished by an alderman"
Translations

recognizance

[rɪˈkɒgnɪzəns] N (esp US) (Jur) → obligación f contraída; (= sum) → fianza f
to enter into recognizances to + INFINcomprometerse legalmente a + infin

recognizance

n (Jur) → Verpflichtung f; (for debt) → Anerkenntnis f; (= sum of money)Sicherheitsleistung f; to be released on one’s own recognizanceauf eigene Gefahr entlassen werden
References in classic literature ?
Nor did the burden of this performance bear any reference to love, or war, or wine, or loyalty, or any other, the standard topics of song, but to a subject not often set to music or generally known in ballads; the words being these:--'The worthy magistrate, after remarking that the prisoner would find some difficulty in persuading a jury to believe his tale, committed him to take his trial at the approaching sessions; and directed the customary recognisances to be entered into for the pros-e-cu-tion.
My poor partner in this mischief was now in a bad case, for he was carried away before my Lord Mayor, and by his worship committed to Newgate, and the people that took him were so willing, as well as able, to prosecute him, that they offered themselves to enter into recognisances to appear at the sessions and pursue the charge against him.
If I had been known in the town he would have liberated me on my own recognisances, but as I was a total stranger it was necessary that I should find responsible bail.