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Related to recognizance: recognisance, own recognizance
1. An obligation, entered into before a judge or magistrate, to perform a particular action, such as appearing in court, without the posting of a bond: released on his own recognizance.
2. A sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an action.
[Middle English recognisanze, from Old French recognuissance, alteration (influenced by Medieval Latin recognizāre, to recognize) of reconoissance, from reconoistre, reconoiss-, to recognize; see recognize.]
1. (Law) law
a. a bond entered into before a court or magistrate by which a person binds himself to do a specified act, as to appear in court on a stated day, keep the peace, or pay a debt
b. a monetary sum pledged to the performance of such an act
2. an obsolete word for recognition
[C14: from Old French reconoissance, from reconoistre to recognize]
reˈcognizant, reˈcognisant adj
re•cog•ni•zance(rɪˈkɒg nə zəns, -ˈkɒn ə-)
a. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, usu. binding a person to appear for trial or forfeit a specified amount of money.
b. the sum pledged as surety.
[1350–1400; Middle English reconissaunce, recognisance < Old French reconuissance]
A legal obligation to do something, such as appear in court at a later date, that someone enters into before a court or magistrate.
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|Noun||1.||recognizance - (law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law; on failure to perform that act a sum is forfeited|
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
surety, security - property that your creditor can claim in case you default on your obligation; "bankers are reluctant to lend without good security"