recognizance

(redirected from recognizances)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Legal, Encyclopedia.

re·cog·ni·zance

 (rĭ-kŏg′nĭ-zəns, -kŏn′ĭ-)
n. Law
1. An obligation, entered into before a judge or magistrate, to perform a particular action, such as appearing in court, without the posting of a bond: released on his own recognizance.
2. A sum of money pledged to assure the performance of such an action.

[Middle English recognisanze, from Old French recognuissance, alteration (influenced by Medieval Latin recognizāre, to recognize) of reconoissance, from reconoistre, reconoiss-, to recognize; see recognize.]

re·cog′ni·zant adj.

recognizance

(rɪˈkɒɡnɪzəns) or

recognisance

n
1. (Law) law
a. a bond entered into before a court or magistrate by which a person binds himself to do a specified act, as to appear in court on a stated day, keep the peace, or pay a debt
b. a monetary sum pledged to the performance of such an act
2. an obsolete word for recognition
[C14: from Old French reconoissance, from reconoistre to recognize]
reˈcognizant, reˈcognisant adj

re•cog•ni•zance

(rɪˈkɒg nə zəns, -ˈkɒn ə-)

n.
Law.
a. a bond or obligation of record entered into before a court of record or a magistrate, usu. binding a person to appear for trial or forfeit a specified amount of money.
b. the sum pledged as surety.
[1350–1400; Middle English reconissaunce, recognisance < Old French reconuissance]

recognizance

A legal obligation to do something, such as appear in court at a later date, that someone enters into before a court or magistrate.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recognizance - (law) a security entered into before a court with a condition to perform some act required by law; on failure to perform that act a sum is forfeited
law, jurisprudence - the collection of rules imposed by authority; "civilization presupposes respect for the law"; "the great problem for jurisprudence to allow freedom while enforcing order"
surety, security - property that your creditor can claim in case you default on your obligation; "bankers are reluctant to lend without good security"
bail, bail bond, bond - (criminal law) money that must be forfeited by the bondsman if an accused person fails to appear in court for trial; "the judge set bail at $10,000"; "a $10,000 bond was furnished by an alderman"
Translations

recognizance

[rɪˈkɒgnɪzəns] N (esp US) (Jur) → obligación f contraída; (= sum) → fianza f
to enter into recognizances to + INFINcomprometerse legalmente a + infin

recognizance

n (Jur) → Verpflichtung f; (for debt) → Anerkenntnis f; (= sum of money)Sicherheitsleistung f; to be released on one’s own recognizanceauf eigene Gefahr entlassen werden
References in periodicals archive ?
A variety of interesting material is presented; however, the most obvious problem is that recognizances, which were previously depicted as the tools of "savvy" victims strategically using the court system to their own advantage, are henceforth treated as reliable sources for reconstructing patterns in real violence.
Systematic sampling of the extant recognizances, indictments, and house of correction commitments shows that the justices of the peace enjoyed broad discretionary authority in the contrasting environments of rural Middlesex and urban Westminster.
Much of the material which follows comes from the recognizances to appear, issued by the Westminster Justices of the Peace.
London's recognizances reveal that hundreds of elite and middling men were arrested for consorting with lewd women.