recoil


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re·coil

 (rĭ-koil′)
intr.v. re·coiled, re·coil·ing, re·coils
1. To spring back, as upon firing.
2. To shrink back, as in fear or repugnance.
3. To fall back; return: "Violence does, in truth, recoil upon the violent" (Arthur Conan Doyle).
n. (also rē′koil′)
1. The backward action of a firearm upon firing.
2. The act or state of recoiling; reaction.

[Middle English recoilen, from Old French reculer : re-, re- + cul, buttocks (from Latin cūlus; see (s)keu- in Indo-European roots).]

re·coil′er n.

recoil

vb (intr)
1. to jerk back, as from an impact or violent thrust
2. (often foll by from) to draw back in fear, horror, or disgust: to recoil from the sight of blood.
3. (foll by: on or upon) to go wrong, esp so as to hurt the perpetrator
4. (Atomic Physics) (of a nucleus, atom, molecule, or elementary particle) to change momentum as a result of the emission of a photon or particle
n
5. (Firearms, Gunnery, Ordnance & Artillery)
a. the backward movement of a gun when fired
b. the distance moved
6. (Atomic Physics) the motion acquired by a particle as a result of its emission of a photon or other particle
7. the act of recoiling
[C13: from Old French reculer, from re- + cul rump, from Latin cūlus]
reˈcoiler n

re-coil

(riˈkɔɪl)

v.t., v.i.
to coil again.
[1860–65]

re•coil

(v. rɪˈkɔɪl; n. ˈriˌkɔɪl, rɪˈkɔɪl)
v.i.
1. to start or shrink back, as in alarm, horror, or disgust.
2. to spring or fly back, as in consequence of force of impact or of a discharge of ammunition: The rifle recoiled with a powerful slam.
3. to spring or come back; rebound (usu. fol. by on or upon): plots recoiling upon the plotters.
4. to undergo a change in momentum as a result either of a collision with an atom, a nucleus, or a particle or of the emission of a particle.
n.
5. the act or an instance of recoiling.
6. the distance through which a weapon moves backward after discharging.
[1175–1225; Middle English recoilen, reculen < Old French reculer=re- re- + -culer, v. derivative of cul rump]
syn: See wince.

recoil


Past participle: recoiled
Gerund: recoiling

Imperative
recoil
recoil
Present
I recoil
you recoil
he/she/it recoils
we recoil
you recoil
they recoil
Preterite
I recoiled
you recoiled
he/she/it recoiled
we recoiled
you recoiled
they recoiled
Present Continuous
I am recoiling
you are recoiling
he/she/it is recoiling
we are recoiling
you are recoiling
they are recoiling
Present Perfect
I have recoiled
you have recoiled
he/she/it has recoiled
we have recoiled
you have recoiled
they have recoiled
Past Continuous
I was recoiling
you were recoiling
he/she/it was recoiling
we were recoiling
you were recoiling
they were recoiling
Past Perfect
I had recoiled
you had recoiled
he/she/it had recoiled
we had recoiled
you had recoiled
they had recoiled
Future
I will recoil
you will recoil
he/she/it will recoil
we will recoil
you will recoil
they will recoil
Future Perfect
I will have recoiled
you will have recoiled
he/she/it will have recoiled
we will have recoiled
you will have recoiled
they will have recoiled
Future Continuous
I will be recoiling
you will be recoiling
he/she/it will be recoiling
we will be recoiling
you will be recoiling
they will be recoiling
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been recoiling
you have been recoiling
he/she/it has been recoiling
we have been recoiling
you have been recoiling
they have been recoiling
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been recoiling
you will have been recoiling
he/she/it will have been recoiling
we will have been recoiling
you will have been recoiling
they will have been recoiling
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been recoiling
you had been recoiling
he/she/it had been recoiling
we had been recoiling
you had been recoiling
they had been recoiling
Conditional
I would recoil
you would recoil
he/she/it would recoil
we would recoil
you would recoil
they would recoil
Past Conditional
I would have recoiled
you would have recoiled
he/she/it would have recoiled
we would have recoiled
you would have recoiled
they would have recoiled
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recoil - the backward jerk of a gun when it is fired
motion, movement - a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something
2.recoil - a movement back from an impactrecoil - a movement back from an impact  
motion, movement - a natural event that involves a change in the position or location of something
bouncing, bounce - rebounding from an impact (or series of impacts)
resiliency, resilience - an occurrence of rebounding or springing back
carom, ricochet - a glancing rebound
Verb1.recoil - draw back, as with fear or pain; "she flinched when they showed the slaughtering of the calf"
move - move so as to change position, perform a nontranslational motion; "He moved his hand slightly to the right"
shrink back, retract - pull away from a source of disgust or fear
2.recoil - come back to the originator of an action with an undesired effectrecoil - come back to the originator of an action with an undesired effect; "Your comments may backfire and cause you a lot of trouble"
hap, happen, occur, come about, take place, go on, pass off, fall out, pass - come to pass; "What is happening?"; "The meeting took place off without an incidence"; "Nothing occurred that seemed important"
3.recoil - spring back; spring away from an impact; "The rubber ball bounced"; "These particles do not resile but they unite after they collide"
kick back, recoil, kick - spring back, as from a forceful thrust; "The gun kicked back into my shoulder"
bound off, skip - bound off one point after another
carom - rebound after hitting; "The car caromed off several lampposts"
bound, jump, leap, spring - move forward by leaps and bounds; "The horse bounded across the meadow"; "The child leapt across the puddle"; "Can you jump over the fence?"
4.recoil - spring back, as from a forceful thrust; "The gun kicked back into my shoulder"
bounce, rebound, ricochet, take a hop, resile, spring, recoil, bound, reverberate - spring back; spring away from an impact; "The rubber ball bounced"; "These particles do not resile but they unite after they collide"

recoil

verb
1. jerk back, pull back, flinch, quail, kick, react, rebound, spring back, resile I recoiled in horror.
2. draw back, shrink, falter, shy away, flinch, quail, balk at People used to recoil from the idea of getting into debt.
noun
1. jerking back, reaction, pulling back, flinching, quailing, springing back His reaction was as much a rebuff as a physical recoil.
2. kickback, kick The policeman fires again, tensed against the recoil.

recoil

verb
1. To jerk backward, as a gun upon firing:
2. To draw away involuntarily, usually out of fear or disgust:
noun
An act of drawing back in an involuntary or instinctive fashion:
Translations
إرْتِداديَرْتَد إلى الوَرَاء خوفايَرْتَد المَدْفَع عن إطْلاق النار
couvnouttrhnout zpětzpětný náraz
tilbageslagvigen tilbage
visszahõkölvisszarúgvisszarúgás
hrökkva undankastast afturòaî aî hrökkva undan
atsistatsitiensnovērsties
rekylerespringe tilbaketilbakeslagtilbakestøttilbakevirkning
spätný náraztrhnúť späť
geri tepmegeri tepmekürkmeürkmekürküp geri çekilmek

recoil

[rɪˈkɔɪl]
A. VI [person] → echarse atrás, retroceder; [gun] → dar un culatazo
to recoil from sthretroceder or dar marcha atrás ante algo
to recoil from doing sthrehuir hacer algo
to recoil in fearretroceder espantado
B. N (at disgusting sight) → retroceso m; [of gun] → culatazo m

recoil

[rɪˈkɔɪl]
vi
[person] → reculer
to recoil from sb/sth [+ person, sight] → reculer devant qn/qch
to recoil from doing sth → répugner à faire qch
[gun] → reculer
[ˈriːkɔɪl] n [gun] → recul m

recoil

vi
(person) (→ vor +dat) → zurückweichen; (in fear) → zurückschrecken; (in disgust) → zurückschaudern; he recoiled from (the idea of) doing itihm graute davor, das zu tun
(gun)zurückstoßen; (spring)zurückschnellen; the gun will recoildas Gewehr hat einen Rückstoß
(fig: actions) to recoil on somebodyauf jdn zurückfallen, sich an jdm rächen
n (of gun)Rückstoß m; (of spring)Zurückschnellen nt no pl

recoil

[rɪˈkɔɪl]
1. vi
a. (person, draw back) → tirarsi indietro
to recoil (from) sth → indietreggiare (di fronte or davanti a) qc
to recoil from doing sth → rifuggire dal fare qc
b. (gun) → rinculare
2. n (of gun) → rinculo

recoil

(rəˈkoil) verb
1. to move back or away, usually quickly, in horror or fear. He recoiled at/from the sight of the murdered child.
2. (of guns when fired) to jump back.
(ˈriːkoil) noun
the act of recoiling.
References in classic literature ?
Was not the secret told me, in the natural recoil of my heart at the first sight of him, and as often as I have seen him since?
And if the idea of peril so much enhances the popular conceit of the soldier's profession; let me assure ye that many a veteran who has freely marched up to a battery, would quickly recoil at the apparition of the sperm whale's vast tail, fanning into eddies the air over his head.
In striking at a boat, he swiftly curves away his flukes from it, and the blow is only inflicted by the recoil.
Yet, when they saw the home of the Widow Jukniene they could not but recoil, even so.
I'm weary of enduring now," I replied; "and I'd be glad of a retaliation that wouldn't recoil on myself; but treachery and violence are spears pointed at both ends; they wound those who resort to them worse than their enemies.
Under the temporary pressure of pecuniary liabilities, contracted with a view to their immediate liquidation, but remaining unliquidated through a combination of circumstances, I have been under the necessity of assuming a garb from which my natural instincts recoil - I allude to spectacles - and possessing myself of a cognomen, to which I can establish no legitimate pretensions.
The lances burst into shivers up to the very grasp, and it seemed at the moment that both knights had fallen, for the shock had made each horse recoil backwards upon its haunches.
I could hardly repress a shuddering recoil as he came, bending amiably, and placed the tray before me on the table.
Fresh sharpened by his victory, full of hopes of future favor, he was resolved not to recoil a step.
Dantes uttered blasphemies that made his jailer recoil with horror, dashed himself furiously against the walls of his prison, wreaked his anger upon everything, and chiefly upon himself, so that the least thing, -- a grain of sand, a straw, or a breath of air that annoyed him, led to paroxysms of fury.
The same strung-up force which had given twenty-four men a chance, at least, for their lives, had, in a sort of recoil, crushed an unworthy mutinous existence.
In general the continental, or at least the Belgian old women permit themselves a licence of manners, speech, and aspect, such as our venerable granddames would recoil from as absolutely disreputable, and Madame Reuter's jolly face bore evidence that she was no exception to the rule of her country; there was a twinkle and leer in her left eye; her right she kept habitually half shut, which I thought very odd indeed.