recombinant DNA


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Related to recombinant DNA: recombinant DNA technology

recombinant DNA

n. Abbr. rDNA
Genetically engineered DNA prepared by transplanting or splicing genes from one species into the cells of a host organism of a different species. Such DNA becomes part of the host's genetic makeup and is replicated.

recombinant DNA

n
(Genetics) genetics DNA molecules that are extracted from different sources and chemically joined together; for example DNA comprising an animal gene may be recombined with DNA from a bacterium

recombinant DNA


n.
DNA in which one or more segments or genes have been inserted, either naturally or by laboratory manipulation, from a different molecule or from another part of the same molecule, resulting in a new genetic combination.
[1970–75]

re·com·bi·nant DNA

(rē-kŏm′bə-nənt)
A form of DNA produced by combining genetic material from two different sources by means of genetic engineering. Recombinant DNA can be used to change the genetic makeup of a cell, as in adding a gene to make a bacterial cell produce insulin.

recombinant DNA

a DNA molecule in which the genetic material has been artificially broken down so that genes from another organism can be intro-duced and the molecule then recombined, the result being alterations in the genetic characteristics of the original molecule.
See also: Heredity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recombinant DNA - genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Translations
ADN recombiné
References in periodicals archive ?
Cartridges 100 IU / ml and 3 ml x 5 - obtained by recombinant DNA technology in Saccharomyces cerevisi, onset of action is within 30 minutes, the maximum effect occurs during 1.
Organized into three sections on plant tissue culture, genetic material and its organization, and recombinant DNA technology, the new edition includes expanded coverage of gene transfer methods, a new chapter on chloroplast and mitochondrion DNA transformation, revised coverage on transgenics in crop improvement, expanded material on recombinant DNA technology, increased emphasis on biosafety and regulatory frameworks, and expanded chapters on molecular markers and market assisted selection, bioinformatics, and intellectual property rights.
The DNA sequences can be used for preparing recombinant DNA molecules in order to produce TNF-binding protein and TNF receptor.
It is produced by recombinant DNA technology at BioMarin.
Specter equates the current calls to ban medical research related to stem cells to similar fears about researching recombinant DNA 25 years ago.
Back then, the company had no products, no warehouses, no laboratories--merely a handful of investors willing to bet that the fledgling firm could turn ideas into real drugs using recombinant DNA technology.
scientists announce successful transfer of a genetic trait from a bacterium to a plant cell using recombinant DNA techniques, a discovery representing the first time plant cells have been made to produce foreign proteins.
A COLLABORATIVE RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY COURSE WITH LABORATORY.
Almost everything we cultivate in large quantities has been altered genetically, if not through recombinant DNA technology, then by standard means," says Robert Frederickson, research editor of Nature Biotechnology.
The second phase was initiated by the discovery of recombinant DNA technologies in the mid-1970s by Cohen at Stanford University.
Twenty-five years ago, bioluddites tried to stop recombinant DNA research, the technique which allows scientists to swap genes from one organism to another.

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