recombinant DNA


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Related to recombinant DNA: recombinant DNA technology

recombinant DNA

n. Abbr. rDNA
Genetically engineered DNA prepared by transplanting or splicing genes from one species into the cells of a host organism of a different species. Such DNA becomes part of the host's genetic makeup and is replicated.

recombinant DNA

n
(Genetics) genetics DNA molecules that are extracted from different sources and chemically joined together; for example DNA comprising an animal gene may be recombined with DNA from a bacterium

recombinant DNA


n.
DNA in which one or more segments or genes have been inserted, either naturally or by laboratory manipulation, from a different molecule or from another part of the same molecule, resulting in a new genetic combination.
[1970–75]

re·com·bi·nant DNA

(rē-kŏm′bə-nənt)
A form of DNA produced by combining genetic material from two different sources by means of genetic engineering. Recombinant DNA can be used to change the genetic makeup of a cell, as in adding a gene to make a bacterial cell produce insulin.

recombinant DNA

a DNA molecule in which the genetic material has been artificially broken down so that genes from another organism can be intro-duced and the molecule then recombined, the result being alterations in the genetic characteristics of the original molecule.
See also: Heredity
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.recombinant DNA - genetically engineered DNA made by recombining fragments of DNA from different organisms
deoxyribonucleic acid, desoxyribonucleic acid, DNA - (biochemistry) a long linear polymer found in the nucleus of a cell and formed from nucleotides and shaped like a double helix; associated with the transmission of genetic information; "DNA is the king of molecules"
Translations
ADN recombiné
References in periodicals archive ?
Recombinant DNA technology has revolutionized biomedical research, laboratory medicine, and pharmaceutics over the last several decades.
Organized into three sections on plant tissue culture, genetic material and its organization, and recombinant DNA technology, the new edition includes expanded coverage of gene transfer methods, a new chapter on chloroplast and mitochondrion DNA transformation, revised coverage on transgenics in crop improvement, expanded material on recombinant DNA technology, increased emphasis on biosafety and regulatory frameworks, and expanded chapters on molecular markers and market assisted selection, bioinformatics, and intellectual property rights.
In accordance with the present invention, it is possible to stably prepare the 48 kDa protein of rhoptry of Babesia caballi and the gene encoding said protein in a large amount with the recombinant DNA technique.
GM, genetic modification, recombinant DNA technology, United Nations, regulation, global warming
It is produced by recombinant DNA technology at BioMarin.
Back then, the company had no products, no warehouses, no laboratories--merely a handful of investors willing to bet that the fledgling firm could turn ideas into real drugs using recombinant DNA technology.
scientists announce successful transfer of a genetic trait from a bacterium to a plant cell using recombinant DNA techniques, a discovery representing the first time plant cells have been made to produce foreign proteins.
6,331,415 relating to fundamental methods and compositions used to produce antibodies by recombinant DNA technology.
A COLLABORATIVE RECOMBINANT DNA TECHNOLOGY COURSE WITH LABORATORY.
Almost everything we cultivate in large quantities has been altered genetically, if not through recombinant DNA technology, then by standard means," says Robert Frederickson, research editor of Nature Biotechnology.

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