reduce

(redirected from reduces)
Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Idioms, Encyclopedia.
Related to reduces: reduction

re·duce

 (rĭ-do͞os′, -dyo͞os′)
v. re·duced, re·duc·ing, re·duc·es
v.tr.
1. To bring down, as in extent, amount, or degree; diminish. See Synonyms at decrease.
2. To bring to a humbler, weaker, difficult, or forced state or condition; especially:
a. To gain control of; subject or conquer: "a design to reduce them under absolute despotism" (Declaration of Independence).
b. To subject to destruction: Enemy bombers reduced the city to rubble.
c. To bring to a specified undesirable state, as of weakness or helplessness: disease that reduced the patient to emaciation; teasing that reduced the child to tears.
d. To compel to desperate acts: The Depression reduced many to begging on street corners.
e. To lower in rank or grade; demote.
3. To thicken or intensify the flavor of (a sauce, for example) by slow boiling.
4. To lower the price of: The store has drastically reduced winter coats.
5. To decrease the viscosity of (paint, for example), as by adding a solvent.
6. To put in a simpler or more systematic form; simplify or codify: reduced her ideas to a collection of maxims.
7. To turn into powder; pulverize.
8. Chemistry
a. To decrease the valence of (an atom) by adding electrons.
b. To remove oxygen from (a compound).
c. To add hydrogen to (a compound).
d. To change to a metallic state by removing nonmetallic constituents; smelt.
9. Mathematics To simplify the form of (an expression, such as a fraction) without changing the value.
10. Medicine To restore (a fractured or displaced body part) to a normal condition or position.
11. Linguistics To pronounce (a stressed vowel) as the unstressed version of that vowel or as schwa.
v.intr.
1. To become diminished.
2. To lose weight, as by dieting.
3. Biology To undergo meiosis.

[Middle English reducen, to bring back, from Old French reducier, from Latin redūcere : re-, re- + dūcere, to lead; see deuk- in Indo-European roots.]

re·duc′er n.
re·duc′i·bil′i·ty n.
re·duc′i·ble adj.
re·duc′i·bly adv.

reduce

(rɪˈdjuːs)
vb (mainly tr)
1. (also intr) to make or become smaller in size, number, extent, degree, intensity, etc
2. to bring into a certain state, condition, etc: to reduce a forest to ashes; to reduce someone to despair.
3. (also intr) to make or become slimmer; lose or cause to lose excess weight
4. to impoverish (esp in the phrase in reduced circumstances)
5. to bring into a state of submission to one's authority; subjugate: the whole country was reduced after three months.
6. (Commerce) to bring down the price of (a commodity): the shirt was reduced in the sale.
7. to lower the rank or status of; demote: he was reduced from corporal to private; reduced to the ranks.
8. to set out systematically as an aid to understanding; simplify: his theories have been reduced in a popular treatise.
9. (Mathematics) maths to modify or simplify the form of (an expression or equation), esp by substitution of one term by another
10. (Cookery) cookery to make (a sauce, stock, etc) more concentrated by boiling away some of the water in it
11. to thin out (paint) by adding oil, turpentine, etc; dilute
12. (Chemistry) (also intr) chem
a. to undergo or cause to undergo a chemical reaction with hydrogen or formation of a hydride
b. to lose or cause to lose oxygen atoms
c. to undergo or cause to undergo an increase in the number of electrons. Compare oxidize
13. (Photography) photog to lessen the density of (a negative or print) by converting some of the blackened silver in the emulsion to soluble silver compounds by an oxidation process using a photographic reducer
14. (Surgery) surgery to manipulate or reposition (a broken or displaced bone, organ, or part) back to its normal site
15. (Biology) (also intr) biology to undergo or cause to undergo meiosis
[C14: from Latin redūcere to bring back, from re- + dūcere to lead]
reˈducible adj
reˌduciˈbility, reˈducibleness n
reˈducibly adv

re•duce

(rɪˈdus, -ˈdyus)

v. -duced, -duc•ing. v.t.
1. to bring down to a smaller size, amount, price, etc.
2. to lower in degree, intensity, etc.
3. to demote to a lower rank
4. to treat analytically, as a complex idea.
5. to act destructively upon (a substance or object): a house reduced to ashes.
6. to bring to a certain state: to reduce someone to tears.
7. to evaporate water from, as a sauce, by boiling.
8. to change the denomination or form, but not the value, of (a fraction, polynomial, etc.).
9.
a. to deoxidize.
b. to add hydrogen to.
c. to decrease the positive charge on (an ion) by adding electrons.
10. to convert (ore minerals) to a metallic state by driving off nonmetallic elements; smelt.
11. to thin or dilute: to reduce paint with turpentine.
12. to restore to the normal place, relation, or condition, as a fractured bone.
13. to pronounce (a vowel) as (ə) or another unstressed, centralized vowel.
v.i.
14. to become reduced.
15. to lose weight, as by dieting.
16. to be equal to or turned into something.
17. to undergo meiosis.
or authority.
[1325–75; to lead back < Latin redūcere to lead back, bring back =re- re- + dūcere to lead]
re•duc′er, n.
re•duc•i•ble, adj.
re•duc`i•bil′i•ty, n.
re•duc′i•bly, adv.

reduce

  • diminish - A blend of diminue, "speak disparagingly," and minish, "reduce in amount, degree, influence, power."
  • formulate - Can mean "reduce to a formula."
  • moderate - Etymologically, it means "keep within due measure," and is derived from Latin moderari or moderare, "control, reduce."
  • minimize - Means to reduce to an absolute minimum—not to play down or soften.

reduce


Past participle: reduced
Gerund: reducing

Imperative
reduce
reduce
Present
I reduce
you reduce
he/she/it reduces
we reduce
you reduce
they reduce
Preterite
I reduced
you reduced
he/she/it reduced
we reduced
you reduced
they reduced
Present Continuous
I am reducing
you are reducing
he/she/it is reducing
we are reducing
you are reducing
they are reducing
Present Perfect
I have reduced
you have reduced
he/she/it has reduced
we have reduced
you have reduced
they have reduced
Past Continuous
I was reducing
you were reducing
he/she/it was reducing
we were reducing
you were reducing
they were reducing
Past Perfect
I had reduced
you had reduced
he/she/it had reduced
we had reduced
you had reduced
they had reduced
Future
I will reduce
you will reduce
he/she/it will reduce
we will reduce
you will reduce
they will reduce
Future Perfect
I will have reduced
you will have reduced
he/she/it will have reduced
we will have reduced
you will have reduced
they will have reduced
Future Continuous
I will be reducing
you will be reducing
he/she/it will be reducing
we will be reducing
you will be reducing
they will be reducing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been reducing
you have been reducing
he/she/it has been reducing
we have been reducing
you have been reducing
they have been reducing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been reducing
you will have been reducing
he/she/it will have been reducing
we will have been reducing
you will have been reducing
they will have been reducing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been reducing
you had been reducing
he/she/it had been reducing
we had been reducing
you had been reducing
they had been reducing
Conditional
I would reduce
you would reduce
he/she/it would reduce
we would reduce
you would reduce
they would reduce
Past Conditional
I would have reduced
you would have reduced
he/she/it would have reduced
we would have reduced
you would have reduced
they would have reduced

reduce

To concentrate a liquid by boiling it without a cover, causing water to evaporate.
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.reduce - cut down onreduce - cut down on; make a reduction in; "reduce your daily fat intake"; "The employer wants to cut back health benefits"
shorten - make shorter than originally intended; reduce or retrench in length or duration; "He shortened his trip due to illness"
spill - reduce the pressure of wind on (a sail)
quench - reduce the degree of (luminescence or phosphorescence) in (excited molecules or a material) by adding a suitable substance
cut - have a reducing effect; "This cuts into my earnings"
retrench - make a reduction, as in one's workforce; "The company had to retrench"
slash - cut drastically; "Prices were slashed"
thin out - make sparse; "thin out the young plants"
thin - make thin or thinner; "Thin the solution"
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
detract, take away - take away a part from; diminish; "His bad manners detract from his good character"
deflate - reduce or cut back the amount or availability of, creating a decline in value or prices; "deflate the currency"
inflate - increase the amount or availability of, creating a rise in value; "inflate the currency"
downsize - reduce in size or number; "the company downsized its research staff"
subtract - take off or away; "this prefix was subtracted when the word was borrowed from French"
knock off, shave - cut the price of
2.reduce - make less complex; "reduce a problem to a single question"
abbreviate - shorten; "Abbreviate `New York' and write `NY'"
simplify - make simpler or easier or reduce in complexity or extent; "We had to simplify the instructions"; "this move will simplify our lives"
3.reduce - bring to humbler or weaker state or condition; "He reduced the population to slavery"
demote, kick downstairs, relegate, bump, break - assign to a lower position; reduce in rank; "She was demoted because she always speaks up"; "He was broken down to Sergeant"
4.reduce - simplify the form of a mathematical equation of expression by substituting one term for another
math, mathematics, maths - a science (or group of related sciences) dealing with the logic of quantity and shape and arrangement
interchange, substitute, replace, exchange - put in the place of another; switch seemingly equivalent items; "the con artist replaced the original with a fake Rembrandt"; "substitute regular milk with fat-free milk"; "synonyms can be interchanged without a changing the context's meaning"
5.reduce - lower in grade or rank or force somebody into an undignified situation; "She reduced her niece to a servant"
demean, disgrace, degrade, take down, put down - reduce in worth or character, usually verbally; "She tends to put down younger women colleagues"; "His critics took him down after the lecture"
6.reduce - be the essential element; "The proposal boils down to a compromise"
become, turn - undergo a change or development; "The water turned into ice"; "Her former friend became her worst enemy"; "He turned traitor"
7.reduce - reduce in size; reduce physically; "Hot water will shrink the sweater"; "Can you shrink this image?"
scale down, reduce - make smaller; "reduce an image"
reef - reduce (a sail) by taking in a reef
miniaturise, miniaturize - design or construct on a smaller scale
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
depopulate, desolate - reduce in population; "The epidemic depopulated the countryside"
downsize - make in a smaller size; "the car makers downsized the SUVs when fuel became very expensive"
contract - make smaller; "The heat contracted the woollen garment"
8.reduce - lessen and make more modest; "reduce one's standard of living"
impoverish - make poor
9.reduce - make smaller; "reduce an image"
shrink, reduce - reduce in size; reduce physically; "Hot water will shrink the sweater"; "Can you shrink this image?"
blow up, enlarge, magnify - make large; "blow up an image"
10.reduce - to remove oxygen from a compound, or cause to react with hydrogen or form a hydride, or to undergo an increase in the number of electrons
chemical science, chemistry - the science of matter; the branch of the natural sciences dealing with the composition of substances and their properties and reactions
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"
benficiate - subject to a reduction process; "benficiate ores"
pole - deoxidize molten metals by stirring them with a wooden pole
11.reduce - narrow or limit; "reduce the influx of foreigners"
confine, limit, throttle, trammel, restrain, restrict, bound - place limits on (extent or access); "restrict the use of this parking lot"; "limit the time you can spend with your friends"
12.reduce - put down by force or intimidation; "The government quashes any attempt of an uprising"; "China keeps down her dissidents very efficiently"; "The rich landowners subjugated the peasants working the land"
crush, oppress, suppress - come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority; "The government oppresses political activists"
13.reduce - undergo meiosis; "The cells reduce"
divide, part, separate - come apart; "The two pieces that we had glued separated"
14.reduce - reposition (a broken bone after surgery) back to its normal site
reposition - place into another position
15.reduce - destress and thus weaken a sound when pronouncing it
linguistics - the scientific study of language
de-emphasise, de-emphasize, destress - reduce the emphasis
obscure - reduce a vowel to a neutral one, such as a schwa
16.reduce - reduce in scope while retaining essential elementsreduce - reduce in scope while retaining essential elements; "The manuscript must be shortened"
bowdlerise, bowdlerize, expurgate, castrate, shorten - edit by omitting or modifying parts considered indelicate; "bowdlerize a novel"
edit out, edit, cut - cut and assemble the components of; "edit film"; "cut recording tape"
condense, concentrate, digest - make more concise; "condense the contents of a book into a summary"
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
17.reduce - be cooked until very little liquid is left; "The sauce should reduce to one cup"
cookery, cooking, preparation - the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"
18.reduce - cook until very little liquid is left; "The cook reduced the sauce by boiling it for a long time"
cookery, cooking, preparation - the act of preparing something (as food) by the application of heat; "cooking can be a great art"; "people are needed who have experience in cookery"; "he left the preparation of meals to his wife"
minify, decrease, lessen - make smaller; "He decreased his staff"
19.reduce - lessen the strength or flavor of a solution or mixture; "cut bourbon"
weaken - lessen the strength of; "The fever weakened his body"
water down - make less strong or intense; "water down the mixture"
20.reduce - take off weightreduce - take off weight      
sweat off - lose weight by sweating; "I sweated off 3 pounds in the sauna"
change state, turn - undergo a transformation or a change of position or action; "We turned from Socialism to Capitalism"; "The people turned against the President when he stole the election"
gain, put on - increase (one's body weight); "She gained 20 pounds when she stopped exercising"

reduce

verb
2. degrade, downgrade, demote, lower in rank, break, humble, humiliate, bring low, take down a peg (informal), lower the status of They wanted the army reduced to a police force.
degrade promote, enhance, elevate, exalt
3. drive, force, bring, bring to the point of He was reduced to begging for a living.
4. thicken, set, gel, clot, condense, congeal, jell, coagulate Simmer until mixture reduces.
5. cheapen, cut, lower, discount, slash, knock down, mark down, make cheaper, bring down the price of Companies should reduce prices today.
in reduced circumstances impoverished, penniless, destitute, poverty-stricken, broke (informal), short, poor, ruined, bust (informal), in need, bankrupt, needy, badly off, on the rocks, hard up (informal), down and out, skint (Brit. slang), in want, indigent, down at heel, impecunious, dirt-poor (informal), on the breadline, flat broke (informal), penurious, on your uppers, stony-broke (Brit. slang), necessitous, in queer street, pauperized, without two pennies to rub together (informal), on your beam-ends living in reduced circumstances

reduce

verb
1. To grow or cause to grow gradually less:
2. To make short or shorter the duration or extent of:
3. To lower in rank or grade:
Slang: bust.
4. To become or make less in price or value:
5. To lose body weight, as by dieting:
slim (down), trim down.
Translations
يُخَفِّضُيُخَفِّف الوَزنيَسْحَق، يوقِعُ في البُؤْسيُقَلِّل
přimětproměnitsnížitzhubnoutzmenšit
reduceretvingefå til at briste i grådforvandlenedsætte
taandama
vähentääalentaaalistaakukistaalaihtua
smanjiti
besűrítcsökkentlefogyleigázlever
grennastkoma/setja í slæmt ástandminnka, lækka
減らす減る煮詰める簡約約分
축소하다
galimas sumažintiprivestisuliesėti
novājētnovest līdzpārvērstpazeminātsamazināt
donútiť
shujšatizmanjšatiznižati
minska
ทำให้ลดลง
azaltmakhâle getirmek/sokmak/düşürmekzayıflamak
giảm

reduce

[rɪˈdjuːs]
A. VT
1. (= decrease) [+ number, costs, expenditure, inflation] → reducir; [+ price] → rebajar (Ind) [+ output] → reducir, recortar; [+ speed, heat, visibility] → disminuir; [+ temperature] → bajar; [+ stress, tension] → reducir, disminuir; [+ pain] → aliviar
it reduces the risk of heart disease (by 20%)disminuye el riesgo de enfermedades cardíacas (en un 20%)
"reduce speed now"disminuya la velocidad
2. (= cut price of) [+ goods] → rebajar
3. (= make smaller) [+ drawing] → reducir (Med) [+ swelling] → bajar (Culin) [+ sauce] → reducir
4. (= bring to specified state) to reduce sb to despairllevar a algn a la desesperación
to reduce sb to tearshacer llorar a algn
to be reduced to penuryestar sumido en la miseria
to reduce sth to ashes/rubblereducir algo a cenizas/escombros
to reduce sb to silencehacer callar a algn
we were reduced to begging on the streetsnos vimos obligados a mendigar por las calles
see also minimum
5. (= capture, subjugate) → tomar, conquistar
6. (Mil) (= demote) → degradar
to reduce sb to the ranksdegradar a algn a soldado raso
7. (= simplify) → reducir
to reduce an argument to its simplest formreducir un argumento a su esencia
8. (Math) [+ equation, expression] → reducir
9. (Chem) → reducir
B. VI
1. (= decrease) → reducirse, disminuir
2. (Culin) → espesarse
3. (= slim) → adelgazar

reduce

[rɪˈdjuːs] vt
[amount, number, volume, costs, demand] → réduire; [+ risk, stress] → réduire; [+ level, scale, time, temperature, heat] → réduire; [+ emissions, pollution] → réduire
at a reduced price → à prix réduit
to reduce sth from ... to ...
The work-force was reduced from 13,000 to 7,500 → Les effectifs ont été réduits pour passer de 13000 à 7500 employés.
to reduce sth by 10% → réduire qch de 10%
"reduce speed now" → "ralentir"
to be reduced to sth [person] → être réduit(e) à qch
They were reduced to extreme poverty → Ils ont été réduits à la misère.
to be reduced to doing sth → en être réduit(e) à faire qch
He was reduced to begging for a living → Il en a été réduit à mendier pour survivre.
to reduce sb to tears → faire pleurer qn
to reduce sb to silence → réduire qn au silence
to be reduced to sth [+ dust, pieces, ashes] → être réduit(e) en qch
All the buildings have been reduced to rubble
BUT Tous les bâtiments ont été complètement détruits.
(COOKERY) [+ sauce] → réduire, faire réduire
to reduce sth to a syrup → réduire qch jusqu'à obtenir un sirop, faire réduire qch jusqu'à obtenir un sirop

reduce

vt
pressure, weight, swelling, risk, chancesverringern, reduzieren; speedreduzieren, verlangsamen; authorityschwächen; (= lower) standards, temperaturesherabsetzen, reduzieren; pricesermäßigen, herabsetzen, reduzieren; taxes, costssenken; expenses, wageskürzen; valuemindern; (= shorten)verkürzen; (in size) width, staff, drawing, photoverkleinern, reduzieren; scale of operationseinschränken; outputdrosseln, reduzieren; (Cook) sauceeinkochen lassen; to reduce one’s weightabnehmen; to reduce the strength of a solutioneine Lösung abschwächen; to reduce speed (Mot) → langsamer fahren; “reduce speed now” (Mot) → ˜ langsam; the facts may all be reduced to four main headingsdie Tatsachen können alle auf vier Hauptpunkte reduziert werden; to be reducing (= losing weight)eine Schlankheitskur machen
(in price) goods, itemheruntersetzen, herabsetzen
(= change the form of, Chem) → reduzieren; (Math) → zerlegen (→ to in +acc); to reduce something to a powderetw pulverisieren; to reduce something to its partsetw in seine Einzelteile zerlegen; to reduce something to a common denominator (Math, fig) → etw auf einen gemeinsamen Nenner bringen; to reduce an argument to a matter of principleaus einem Argument eine Frage des Prinzips machen; it has been reduced to a mere …es ist jetzt nur noch ein; it has been reduced to nothinges ist zu nichts zusammengeschmolzen; he’s reduced to a skeletoner ist zum Skelett abgemagert; to reduce somebody to silence/despair/tearsjdn zum Schweigen/zur Verzweiflung/zum Weinen bringen; to reduce somebody to begging/to slaveryjdn zum Betteln/zur Sklaverei zwingen; are we reduced to this!so weit ist es also gekommen!; to be reduced to submissionaufgeben müssen
(Med) jointwieder einrenken
vi (esp US: = slim) → abnehmen; to be reducingeine Schlankheitskur machen

reduce

[rɪˈdjuːs]
1. vt
a. (gen) → ridurre; (prices, taxes) → abbassare, ridurre, diminuire; (speed, voltage, expenses) (Med) (swelling) → ridurre, diminuire; (temperature) → far diminuire, far scendere
to reduce sth by/to → ridurre qc di/a
"reduce speed now" (Aut) → "rallentare"
to reduce sth to ashes → ridurre qc in cenere
to reduce sb to silence/despair/tears → ridurre qn al silenzio/alla disperazione/in lacrime
we were reduced to begging → eravamo ridotti all'elemosina
reduced to nothing → ridotto/a a zero
b. (Mil) to reduce sb to the ranksdegradare qn a soldato semplice
2. vi (slim) → dimagrire

reduce

(rəˈdjuːs) verb
1. to make less, smaller etc. The shop reduced its prices; The train reduced speed.
2. to lose weight by dieting. I must reduce to get into that dress.
3. to drive, or put, into a particular (bad) state. The bombs reduced the city to ruins; She was so angry, she was almost reduced to tears; During the famine, many people were reduced to eating grass and leaves.
reˈducible adjective
reˈduction (-ˈdak-) noun
The government promised a reduction in prices later; price reductions.

reduce

يُخَفِّضُ zmenšit reducere reduzieren ελαττώνω reducir vähentää réduire smanjiti ridurre 減らす 축소하다 verminderen redusere zmniejszyć reduzir сокращать minska ทำให้ลดลง azaltmak giảm 减少

re·duce

v. reducir, rebajar; disminuir.
1. restaurar a la situación normal, tal como un hueso fracturado o dislocado;
2. disminuir la potencia al dar hidrógeno o quitarle oxígeno a un compuesto;
3. bajar de peso.

reduce

vt reducir, disminuir, bajar; (ortho) reducir; vi (fam, to lose weight) bajar de peso
References in classic literature ?
O, how accursed is that system, which entombs the godlike mind of man, defaces the divine image, reduces those who by crea- tion were crowned with glory and honor to a level with four-footed beasts, and exalts the dealer in hu- man flesh above all that is called God
In short he felt that while Anselmo's absence afforded time and opportunity he must press the siege of the fortress, and so he assailed her self-esteem with praises of her beauty, for there is nothing that more quickly reduces and levels the castle towers of fair women's vanity than vanity itself upon the tongue of flattery.
The various interests and conditions of life within the ranks of the proletariat are more and more equalised, in proportion as machinery obliterates all distinctions of labour, and nearly everywhere reduces wages to the same low level.
Where such jurisprudence prevails, if a woman is not perpetually tyrannized over, she reduces the man to the condition of a slave.
Twenty -- that is a round number; that, besides, reduces the number of the horses by ten, which is a consideration; and then, with a good lieutenant -- Mordioux
An engagement is so potent a thing that sooner or later it reduces all who speak of it to this state of cheerful awe.
If you had perused this document, you would have seen that it reduces your interest considerably, though still leaving it a very handsome one, still leaving it a very handsome one," said Mr.
That identity makes us all one, and reduces to nothing great intervals on our customary scale.
I do not speak of that greatness which is achieved by the fortunate politician or the successful soldier; that is a quality which belongs to the place he occupies rather than to the man; and a change of circumstances reduces it to very discreet proportions.
Lydgate was bowing his neck under the yoke like a creature who had talons, but who had Reason too, which often reduces us to meekness.
Dear me," sighed the Giant in a disapointed tone; "that reduces my dinner from four to two-- and the dog.
Is the luxury of feeling in proportion to the number of votes; or is it, to a rightly constituted mind, in proportion to the number of applicants, and the wholesome state of mind to which their canvassing reduces them?