refer


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Related to refer: refer back

re·fer

 (rĭ-fûr′)
v. re·ferred, re·fer·ring, re·fers
v.tr.
1. To direct to a source for help or information: referred her to a heart specialist; referred me to his last employer for a recommendation.
2. To submit (a matter in dispute) to an authority for arbitration, decision, or examination.
3. To direct the attention of: I refer you to the training manual.
4.
a. To assign or attribute to; regard as originated by.
b. To assign to or regard as belonging within a particular kind or class: referred the newly discovered partita to the 1600s. See Synonyms at attribute.
v.intr.
1.
a. To relate or pertain; concern: questions referring to yesterday's lecture.
b. To serve as a descriptor or have as a denotation: The word chair refers to a piece of furniture.
2. To speak or write about something briefly or incidentally; make reference: referred during our conversation to several books he was reading.
3. To turn one's attention, as in seeking information: refer to a dictionary.

[Middle English referren, from Old French referer, from Latin referre : re-, re- + ferre, to carry; see bher- in Indo-European roots.]

ref′er·a·ble (rĕf′ər-ə-bəl, rĭ-fûr′-) adj.
re·fer′ral n.
re·fer′rer n.
Usage Note: Many people consider refer back to be redundant, since the prefix re- often means "back," and the original Latin meaning of refer was "to carry back," and indeed, if something refers to something else, it points, in an abstract sense, back to it. Most of the Usage Panel gives credence to this line of thinking. In our 1995 survey, 65 percent considered the phrase refer back redundant or inelegant. However, there may be situations in which the phrase is appropriate and justifiable: one can refer back to something that has already been mentioned, in contrast with referring ahead to something that has not yet been mentioned. Used in this manner, refer back should be acceptable, especially when refer is transitive: We will assume this position in the coming chapters and refer the reader back to the previous chapter for arguments supporting it. See Usage Note at redundancy.

refer

(rɪˈfɜː)
vb (often foll by to) , -fers, -ferring or -ferred
1. (intr) to make mention (of)
2. (tr) to direct the attention of (someone) for information, facts, etc: the reader is referred to Chomsky, 1965.
3. (intr) to seek information (from): I referred to a dictionary of English usage; he referred to his notes.
4. (intr) to be relevant (to); pertain or relate (to): this song refers to an incident in the Civil War.
5. (tr) to assign or attribute: Cromwell referred his victories to God.
6. (tr) to hand over for consideration, reconsideration, or decision: to refer a complaint to another department.
7. (tr) to hand back to the originator as unacceptable or unusable
8. (Education) (tr) Brit to fail (a student) in an examination
9. (Education) (tr) Brit to send back (a thesis) to a student for improvement
10. (Banking & Finance) refer to drawer a request by a bank that the payee consult the drawer concerning a cheque payable by that bank (usually because the drawer has insufficient funds in his account), payment being suspended in the meantime
11. (Medicine) (tr) to direct (a patient) for treatment to another doctor, usually a specialist
12. (Social Welfare) (tr) social welfare to direct (a client) to another agency or professional for a service
[C14: from Latin referre to carry back, from re- + ferre to bear1]
referable, referrable adj
reˈferral n
reˈferrer n
Usage: The common practice of adding back to refer is tautologous, since this meaning is already contained in the re- of refer: this refers to (not back to) what has already been said. However, when refer is used in the sense of passing a document or question for further consideration to the person from whom it was received, it may be appropriate to say he referred the matter back

re•fer

(rɪˈfɜr)

v. -ferred, -fer•ring. v.t.
1. to direct to a person, place, etc., for information or anything required.
2. to direct the attention of: The asterisk refers the reader to a footnote.
3. to submit for decision, information, etc.: to refer a dispute to arbitration.
4. to assign to a class, period, etc.; classify.
5. to have relation; relate; apply.
v.i.
6. to direct attention.
7. to have recourse, as for aid or information.
8. to make reference or allusion.
[1325–75; Middle English referren < Latin referre to bring back =re- re- + ferre to bring, bear1]
ref•er•a•ble, re•fer•ra•ble (ˈrɛf ər ə bəl, rɪˈfɜr-) adj.
re•fer′rer, n.
allude, refer - To allude is to "mention indirectly, hint at," and to refer is to "mention directly."
See also related terms for hint.

refer


Past participle: referred
Gerund: referring

Imperative
refer
refer
Present
I refer
you refer
he/she/it refers
we refer
you refer
they refer
Preterite
I referred
you referred
he/she/it referred
we referred
you referred
they referred
Present Continuous
I am referring
you are referring
he/she/it is referring
we are referring
you are referring
they are referring
Present Perfect
I have referred
you have referred
he/she/it has referred
we have referred
you have referred
they have referred
Past Continuous
I was referring
you were referring
he/she/it was referring
we were referring
you were referring
they were referring
Past Perfect
I had referred
you had referred
he/she/it had referred
we had referred
you had referred
they had referred
Future
I will refer
you will refer
he/she/it will refer
we will refer
you will refer
they will refer
Future Perfect
I will have referred
you will have referred
he/she/it will have referred
we will have referred
you will have referred
they will have referred
Future Continuous
I will be referring
you will be referring
he/she/it will be referring
we will be referring
you will be referring
they will be referring
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been referring
you have been referring
he/she/it has been referring
we have been referring
you have been referring
they have been referring
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been referring
you will have been referring
he/she/it will have been referring
we will have been referring
you will have been referring
they will have been referring
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been referring
you had been referring
he/she/it had been referring
we had been referring
you had been referring
they had been referring
Conditional
I would refer
you would refer
he/she/it would refer
we would refer
you would refer
they would refer
Past Conditional
I would have referred
you would have referred
he/she/it would have referred
we would have referred
you would have referred
they would have referred
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.refer - make reference to; "His name was mentioned in connection with the invention"
have in mind, think of, mean - intend to refer to; "I'm thinking of good food when I talk about France"; "Yes, I meant you when I complained about people who gossip!"
commend, remember - mention as by way of greeting or to indicate friendship; "Remember me to your wife"
speak of the devil - mention someone's name who just then appears
remember - mention favorably, as in prayer; "remember me in your prayers"
quote, cite - refer to for illustration or proof; "He said he could quote several instances of this behavior"
touch on - refer to or discuss briefly
invoke, appeal - cite as an authority; resort to; "He invoked the law that would save him"; "I appealed to the law of 1900"; "She invoked an ancient law"
namedrop - refer to people that one assumes one's interlocutors admire in order to try to impress them
bring up, raise - put forward for consideration or discussion; "raise the question of promotions"; "bring up an unpleasant topic"
drag up, dredge up - mention something unpleasant from the past; "Drag up old stories"
cross-refer - refer from one entry to another, as in catalogues, books, and lists
2.refer - be relevant to; "There were lots of questions referring to her talk"; "My remark pertained to your earlier comments"
allude, advert, touch - make a more or less disguised reference to; "He alluded to the problem but did not mention it"
center, center on, concentrate on, focus on, revolve about, revolve around - center upon; "Her entire attention centered on her children"; "Our day revolved around our work"
go for, apply, hold - be pertinent or relevant or applicable; "The same laws apply to you!"; "This theory holds for all irrational numbers"; "The same rules go for everyone"
involve, regard, affect - connect closely and often incriminatingly; "This new ruling affects your business"
matter to, interest - be of importance or consequence; "This matters to me!"
3.refer - think of, regard, or classify under a subsuming principle or with a general group or in relation to another; "This plant can be referred to a known species"
class, classify, sort out, assort, sort, separate - arrange or order by classes or categories; "How would you classify these pottery shards--are they prehistoric?"
4.refer - send or direct for treatment, information, or a decision; "refer a patient to a specialist"; "refer a bill to a committee"
submit, subject - refer for judgment or consideration; "The lawyers submitted the material to the court"
send, direct - cause to go somewhere; "The explosion sent the car flying in the air"; "She sent her children to camp"; "He directed all his energies into his dissertation"
recommit - send back to a committee; "The bill was recommitted three times in the House"
5.refer - seek information from; "You should consult the dictionary"; "refer to your notes"
research - attempt to find out in a systematically and scientific manner; "The student researched the history of that word"
6.refer - have as a meaning; "`multi-' denotes `many' "
signify, stand for, mean, intend - denote or connote; "`maison' means `house' in French"; "An example sentence would show what this word means"
denote - be a sign or indication of; "Her smile denoted that she agreed"
twist around, convolute, pervert, sophisticate, twist - practice sophistry; change the meaning of or be vague about in order to mislead or deceive; "Don't twist my words"
euphemise, euphemize - refer to something with a euphemism
hark back, recall, come back, return - go back to something earlier; "This harks back to a previous remark of his"
identify, name - give the name or identifying characteristics of; refer to by name or some other identifying characteristic property; "Many senators were named in connection with the scandal"; "The almanac identifies the auspicious months"
apply - refer (a word or name) to a person or thing; "He applied this racial slur to me!"
slur - speak disparagingly of; e.g., make a racial slur; "your comments are slurring your co-workers"
state, express - indicate through a symbol, formula, etc.; "Can you express this distance in kilometers?"
7.refer - use a name to designate; "Christians refer to the mother of Jesus as the Virgin Mary"
call, name - assign a specified (usually proper) proper name to; "They named their son David"; "The new school was named after the famous Civil Rights leader"

refer

verb
1. pass on, transfer, deliver, commit, hand over, submit, turn over, consign He could refer the matter to the high court.
2. direct, point, send, guide, recommend He referred me to a book.
refer to something or someone
1. allude to, mention, cite, speak of, bring up, invoke, hint at, touch on, make reference, make mention of He referred to a recent trip to Canada.
2. relate to, mean, concern, describe, represent, indicate, apply to, stand for, signify, denote, pertain to, be relevant to The term `electronics' refers to electrically-induced action.
3. consult, go, apply, turn to, look up, have recourse to, seek information from He referred briefly to his notebook.

refer

verb
1. To direct (a person) elsewhere for help or information:
2. To regard as belonging to or resulting from another:
3. To call or direct attention to something:
4. To be pertinent:
Idioms: have a bearing on, have to do with.
5. To look to when in need:
Translations
يَبْحَث عن مَعْلوماتيُحيل إلى، يَرْفَعيُشيرُ إلىيُشير إلى، يَذْكُريُشير، يَنْطَبِق، يَتَعَلَّق بِ، يَخُص
mluvit opodívat se dopostoupitpředatvztahovat se
henviseomtalerefererereferere til
neuvoaohjataviitataviitata johonkin
uputiti na
hivatkozikvonatkozik
leita til/ívarîavísa tilvísa til, minnast á
口に出す
언급하다
informacinė knygakalbėtinuorodaparankinė bibliotekarekomenduojantis asmuo
atsauktiesattiektieskonsultētiesmeklēt uzziņunodot
pozrieť sa
govoritinanašati senapotitizateči se k
hänvisa
อ้างอิง
-den söz etmek-e bakmak-e göndermek-e ilişkin olmakolmak
nhắc đến

refer

[rɪˈfɜːʳ]
A. VT
1. (= send, direct) → remitir
to refer sth to sbremitir algo a algn
I have to refer it to my bosstengo que remitírselo a mi jefetengo que consultarlo con mi jefe
to refer a dispute to arbitrationsometer or remitir una disputa al arbitraje
the case has been referred to the Supreme Courthan diferido el caso al Tribunal Supremo
the decision has been referred to usla decisión se ha dejado a nuestro juicio
to refer sb to sth/sb: I referred him to the managerlo envié a que viera al gerente
the doctor referred me to a specialistel médico me mandó a un especialista
the reader is referred to page 15remito al lector a la página 15
"refer to drawer" (on cheque) → devolver al librador
2. (= ascribe) → atribuir
he refers his mistake to tirednessel error lo achaca a su cansancio, atribuye el error a su cansancio
he refers the painting to the 14th centuryatribuye el cuadro al siglo XIV
3. (Brit) (Univ) [+ student] → suspender
4. (Med) referred paindolor m reflejo
B. VI to refer to
1. (= relate to) → referirse a
this refers to you allesto se refiere a todos ustedes, esto va para todos ustedes
the rules do not refer to special caseslas normas no son aplicables a los casos especiales
2. (= allude to) → referirse a
I am not referring to youno me estoy refiriendo a ti
I refer to your letter of 1st Maycon relación a su carta con fecha del uno de mayo
3. (= mention) → mencionar
he never refers to that eveningnunca menciona aquella noche
4. (= consult) → consultar
she had to refer to her notestuvo que consultar sus apuntes
please refer to section threevéase la sección tres
5. (= describe) he referred to her as his assistantcuando se refería a ella la llamaba su ayudante
this kind of art is often referred to as "minimal art"este tipo de arte a menudo se denomina "arte minimalista"
refer back
A. VT + ADV [+ matter, decision] → volver a remitir; [+ person] → volver a mandar
the case was referred back to the Court of Appealel caso se volvió a remitir al Tribunal de Apelación
the pharmacist may refer you back to your doctorpuede que el farmacéutico te vuelva a mandar al médico de cabecera
B. VI + ADV to refer back to sth: you should refer back to your notesdeberías volver a consultar tus apuntes
refer back to the table in chapter sevenvéase de nuevo el recuadro del capítulo siete

refer

[rɪˈfɜːr] vt
to refer sth to sb [+ dispute, decision, matter] → renvoyer qch devant qn
to refer sb to sb (for information)adresser qn à qn, envoyer qn à qn
He referred me to the manager → Il m'a dit de m'adresser au directeur.
to refer sb to a specialist [+ patient] → envoyer qn voir un spécialiste
to refer sb to sth [+ reader] (to text)renvoyer qn à qch
to be referred to hospital → être envoyé(e) à l'hôpital
refer to
vt fus
(= speak of) → parler de, faire allusion à
What are you referring to? → À quoi faites-vous allusion?
to refer to sb as sth → appeler qn qch
He always referred to his friend as Mr Lowry → Il appelait toujours son ami M. Lowry., Lorsqu'il parlait de son ami, il disait toujours "M. Lowry".
referring to your letter → en réponse à votre lettre
(= consult) [+ recipe, manual, dictionary] → se reporter à
(= apply to) → s'appliquer à

refer

vt
(= pass) matter, problemweiterleiten (→ to an +acc); decisionübergeben (to sb jdm); the case was referred to arbitrationder Fall wurde einem Schiedsgericht übergeben; it was referred to us for (a) decisiones wurde uns (dat)zur Entscheidung übergeben; I referred him to the managerich verwies ihn an den Geschäftsführer; the patient was referred for testsder Patient wurde zu Untersuchungen geschickt; the doctor referred him to a specialistder Arzt überwies ihn an einen Spezialisten or schickte ihn zu einem Spezialisten; to refer somebody to the article on …jdn auf den Artikel über (+acc)verweisen; to refer a cheque (Brit) or check (US) to drawer (Comm) → einen Scheck an den Aussteller zurücksenden
(Brit Univ) thesiszur Änderung zurückgeben
vi
to refer to (= allude to)sprechen von; (= mention also)erwähnen; (words)sich beziehen auf (+acc); I am not referring to youich meine nicht Sie; what can he be referring to?was meint er wohl?, wovon spricht er wohl?; the letter refers to you allder Brief gilt euch allen; referring to your letter (Comm) → mit Bezug auf Ihren Brief
(= apply to) to refer to (orders, rules)gelten für; (criticism, remark)sich beziehen auf (+acc)
(= consult) to refer to (to notes, book)nachschauen in (+dat), → konsultieren (geh); to personsich wenden an (+acc); you must refer to the originalSie müssen aufs Original zurückgreifen

refer

[rɪˈfɜːʳ]
1. vt (gen) to refer sth to (matter, decision) → sottoporre qc a qn, deferire qc a qn
to refer sb to sth → richiamare l'attenzione di qn su qc
he referred me to the manager → mi ha detto di rivolgermi al direttore
"refer to drawer" (on cheque) → "rivolgersi al traente"
2. vi to refer to
a. (relate to) → riferirsi a
does that refer to me? → vale anche per me?
b. (allude to, directly) → fare riferimento a; (indirectly) → fare allusione or accenno a
referring to your letter (Comm) → in riferimento alla Vostra lettera
we will not refer to it again → non ne riparleremo più
c. (turn attention to, see) → consultare; (consult, person) → rivolgersi a
please refer to section 3 → vedi sezione 3

refer

(rəˈfəː) past tense, past participle reˈferred verb
(with to).
1. to talk or write (about something); to mention. He doesn't like anyone referring to his wooden leg; I referred to your theories in my last book.
2. to relate to, concern, or apply to. My remarks refer to your last letter.
3. to send or pass on to someone else for discussion, information, a decision etc. The case was referred to a higher law-court; I'll refer you to the managing director.
4. to look for information (in something). If I'm not sure how to spell a word, I refer to a dictionary.
referee (refəˈriː) noun
1. a person who controls boxing, football etc matches, makes sure that the rules are not broken etc. The referee sent two of the players off the field.
2. a person who is willing to provide a note about one's character, ability etc, eg when one applies for new job.
verbpast tense, past participle ˌrefeˈreed
to act as a referee for a match. I've been asked to referee (a football match) on Saturday.
reference (ˈrefərəns) noun
1. (an) act of referring (to something); a mention (of something). He made several references to her latest book; With reference to your request for information, I regret to inform you that I am unable to help you.
2. a note about one's character, ability etc, eg when one applies for a new job. Our new secretary had excellent references from her previous employers.
3. an indication in a book, report etc, showing where one got one's information or where further information can be found.
reference book
a book which is not usually read from beginning to end but which is consulted occasionally for information, eg a dictionary or encyclopaedia.
reference library
a library of books to be looked at for information but not borrowed.

reference, noun, is spelt with -r-.
referred and referring are spelt with -rr-.

refer

يُشيرُ إلى zmínit (se) referere til sprechen von παραπέμπω remitir viitata johonkin référer uputiti na riferirsi 口に出す 언급하다 verwijzen referere odnieść się referir направлять hänvisa อ้างอิง söz etmek nhắc đến 提到

refer

v. referir, atribuir, asignar, referirse a.

refer

vt (pret & pp referred; ger referring) (a patient) remitir, mandar a ver; I’m going to refer you to an allergist..Le voy a remitir a un alergólogo.
References in classic literature ?
At intervals, he would refer to piles of old log-books beside him, wherein were set down the seasons and places in which, on various former voyages of various ships, sperm whales had been captured or seen.
Because there are skeleton authorities you can refer to, to test my accuracy.
If any want to get up an inspiration under this head, we refer them to our good friend Rachel Halliday, just as she sits there in her little rocking-chair.
I refer to 'chief' surgeons; but considering the exalted positions occupied by our clients, it will be well and decorous that each of us appoint several consulting surgeons, from among the highest in the profession.
I shall refer to these again presently, but we will turn them face down now.
Emma, I accept your offer Extraordinary as it may seem, I accept it, and refer myself to you as a friend.
That, the lofty example of this immaculate and unimpeachable witness for the Crown, to refer to whom however unworthily was an honour, had communicated itself to the prisoner's servant, and had engendered in him a holy determination to examine his master's table-drawers and pockets, and secrete his papers.
But the change to which I now refer was superadded to this: it was in her manner, which became anxious and fluttered.
Through all my punishments, disgraces, fasts and vigils, and other penitential performances, I had nursed this assurance; and to my communing so much with it, in a solitary and unprotected way, I in great part refer the fact that I was morally timid and very sensitive.
In passing it is necessary to refer to the structure of Chinese verse, which, difficult as it is to grasp and differing in particulars from our European ideas of technique, has considerable interest for the student of verse form and construction.
Here the speaker sat down in his place, And directed the Judge to refer to his notes And briefly to sum up the case.
For side-splitting comedy we would refer our readers to the correspondence between the Board of Control and the Cretan premier during the "war.