reference


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ref·er·ence

 (rĕf′ər-əns, rĕf′rəns)
n.
1. The act of referring to something: filed away the article for future reference.
2.
a. Significance for a specified matter; relation or relationship: Her speeches have special reference to environmental policy.
b. Meaning or denotation: The reference of the word "lion" is to a kind of wild cat.
3. A mention of an occurrence or situation: made frequent references to her promotion.
4.
a. A note in a publication referring the reader to another passage or source.
b. The passage or source so referred to.
c. A work frequently used as a source.
d. A mark or footnote used to direct a reader elsewhere for additional information.
5. Law
a. Submission of a case to a referee.
b. Legal proceedings conducted before or by a referee.
6.
a. A person who is in a position to recommend another or to vouch for his or her fitness, as for a job.
b. A statement about a person's qualifications, character, and dependability.
tr.v. ref·er·enced, ref·er·enc·ing, ref·er·ences
1. To supply references to: "Our memories are addressed and referenced ... by significant fragments of their own content" (Frederick Turner).
2. To mention in a reference; refer to: He referenced her book in his speech.
Idiom:
in/with reference to
In connection with; in relation to: This letter is in reference to the invoice that accompanied the package.

ref′er·enc·er n.
ref′er·en′tial (-ə-rĕn′shəl) adj.
ref′er·en′tial·ly adv.

reference

(ˈrɛfərəns; ˈrɛfrəns)
n
1. the act or an instance of referring
2. something referred, esp proceedings submitted to a referee in law
3. a direction of the attention to a passage elsewhere or to another book, document, etc
4. a book or passage referred to
5. a mention or allusion: this book contains several references to the Civil War.
6. (Philosophy) philosophy
a. the relation between a word, phrase, or symbol and the object or idea to which it refers
b. the object referred to by an expression. Compare sense12
7.
a. a source of information or facts
b. (as modifier): a reference book; a reference library.
8. a written testimonial regarding one's character or capabilities
9. a person referred to for such a testimonial
10.
a. (foll by to) relation or delimitation, esp to or by membership of a specific class or group; respect or regard: all people, without reference to sex or age.
b. (as modifier): a reference group.
11. point of reference a fact forming the basis of an evaluation or assessment; criterion
12. terms of reference the specific limits of responsibility that determine the activities of an investigating body, etc
vb (tr)
13. to furnish or compile a list of references for (an academic thesis, publication, etc)
14. to make a reference to; refer to: he referenced Chomsky, 1956.
prep
commerce with reference to: reference your letter of the 9th inst. Abbreviation: re
ˈreferencer n
referential adj

ref•er•ence

(ˈrɛf ər əns, ˈrɛf rəns)

n., v. -enced, -enc•ing. n.
1. an act or instance of referring.
2. a mention; allusion.
3. something for which a name or designation stands; denotation.
4.
a. a direction of the attention, as in a book, to some other book, passage, etc.
b. the book, passage, etc., to which one is directed.
6. use or recourse for purposes of information: a library for public reference.
7. a book or other source of useful facts or information.
8.
a. a person to whom one refers for testimony as to another's character, abilities, etc.
b. a statement regarding a person's character, abilities, etc.
9. regard or connection; relation: without reference to age.
v.t.
10. to furnish with references.
11. to mention in or as a reference.
12. to arrange for easy reference.
[1580–90]

reference


Past participle: referenced
Gerund: referencing

Imperative
reference
reference
Present
I reference
you reference
he/she/it references
we reference
you reference
they reference
Preterite
I referenced
you referenced
he/she/it referenced
we referenced
you referenced
they referenced
Present Continuous
I am referencing
you are referencing
he/she/it is referencing
we are referencing
you are referencing
they are referencing
Present Perfect
I have referenced
you have referenced
he/she/it has referenced
we have referenced
you have referenced
they have referenced
Past Continuous
I was referencing
you were referencing
he/she/it was referencing
we were referencing
you were referencing
they were referencing
Past Perfect
I had referenced
you had referenced
he/she/it had referenced
we had referenced
you had referenced
they had referenced
Future
I will reference
you will reference
he/she/it will reference
we will reference
you will reference
they will reference
Future Perfect
I will have referenced
you will have referenced
he/she/it will have referenced
we will have referenced
you will have referenced
they will have referenced
Future Continuous
I will be referencing
you will be referencing
he/she/it will be referencing
we will be referencing
you will be referencing
they will be referencing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been referencing
you have been referencing
he/she/it has been referencing
we have been referencing
you have been referencing
they have been referencing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been referencing
you will have been referencing
he/she/it will have been referencing
we will have been referencing
you will have been referencing
they will have been referencing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been referencing
you had been referencing
he/she/it had been referencing
we had been referencing
you had been referencing
they had been referencing
Conditional
I would reference
you would reference
he/she/it would reference
we would reference
you would reference
they would reference
Past Conditional
I would have referenced
you would have referenced
he/she/it would have referenced
we would have referenced
you would have referenced
they would have referenced
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reference - a remark that calls attention to something or someonereference - a remark that calls attention to something or someone; "she made frequent mention of her promotion"; "there was no mention of it"; "the speaker made several references to his wife"
comment, remark, input - a statement that expresses a personal opinion or belief or adds information; "from time to time she contributed a personal comment on his account"
allusion - passing reference or indirect mention
retrospection - reference to things past; "the story begins with no introductory retrospections"
name-dropping - the practice of casually mentioning important people in order to impress your listener; "the hard thing about name-dropping is to avoid being too obvious about it"
2.reference - a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passagereference - a short note recognizing a source of information or of a quoted passage; "the student's essay failed to list several important citations"; "the acknowledgments are usually printed at the front of a book"; "the article includes mention of similar clinical cases"
annotation, notation, note - a comment or instruction (usually added); "his notes were appended at the end of the article"; "he added a short notation to the address on the envelope"
photo credit - a note acknowledging the source of a published photograph
cross-index, cross-reference - a reference at one place in a work to information at another place in the same work
3.reference - an indicator that orients you generallyreference - an indicator that orients you generally; "it is used as a reference for comparing the heating and the electrical energy involved"
bench mark, benchmark - a surveyor's mark on a permanent object of predetermined position and elevation used as a reference point
landmark - a mark showing the boundary of a piece of land
lubber line, lubber's line, lubber's mark, lubber's point - a fixed line on a ship's compass indicating its heading
target, mark - a reference point to shoot at; "his arrow hit the mark"
white line - a white stripe in the middle of a road to mark traffic lanes
indicator - a signal for attracting attention
buoy - bright-colored; a float attached by rope to the seabed to mark channels in a harbor or underwater hazards
4.reference - a book to which you can refer for authoritative factsreference - a book to which you can refer for authoritative facts; "he contributed articles to the basic reference work on that topic"
book - a written work or composition that has been published (printed on pages bound together); "I am reading a good book on economics"
cookbook, cookery book - a book of recipes and cooking directions
instruction book - a book of directions for using or operating some piece of equipment
source book - a collection of historically important documents published together as a book
wordbook - a reference book containing words (usually with their meanings)
enchiridion, handbook, vade mecum - a concise reference book providing specific information about a subject or location
directory - an alphabetical list of names and addresses
yearly, annual, yearbook - a reference book that is published regularly once every year
book of maps, map collection, atlas - a collection of maps in book form
cyclopaedia, cyclopedia, encyclopaedia, encyclopedia - a reference work (often in several volumes) containing articles on various topics (often arranged in alphabetical order) dealing with the entire range of human knowledge or with some particular specialty
5.reference - a formal recommendation by a former employer to a potential future employer describing the person's qualifications and dependability; "requests for character references are all too often answered evasively"
good word, recommendation, testimonial - something that recommends (or expresses commendation of) a person or thing as worthy or desirable
6.reference - the most direct or specific meaning of a word or expression; the class of objects that an expression refers to; "the extension of `satellite of Mars' is the set containing only Demos and Phobos"
meaning, substance - the idea that is intended; "What is the meaning of this proverb?"
7.reference - the act of referring or consulting; "reference to an encyclopedia produced the answer"
action - something done (usually as opposed to something said); "there were stories of murders and other unnatural actions"
8.reference - a publication (or a passage from a publication) that is referred to; "he carried an armful of references back to his desk"; "he spent hours looking for the source of that quotation"
publication - a copy of a printed work offered for distribution
9.reference - (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is storedreference - (computer science) the code that identifies where a piece of information is stored
computer science, computing - the branch of engineering science that studies (with the aid of computers) computable processes and structures
computer code, code - (computer science) the symbolic arrangement of data or instructions in a computer program or the set of such instructions
parameter, argument - (computer science) a reference or value that is passed to a function, procedure, subroutine, command, or program
uniform resource locator, universal resource locator, URL - the address of a web page on the world wide web
10.reference - the relation between a word or phrase and the object or idea it refers to; "he argued that reference is a consequence of conditioned reflexes"
meaning, substance - the idea that is intended; "What is the meaning of this proverb?"
Verb1.reference - refer to; "he referenced his colleagues' work"
authorship, penning, writing, composition - the act of creating written works; "writing was a form of therapy for him"; "it was a matter of disputed authorship"
indite, pen, write, compose - produce a literary work; "She composed a poem"; "He wrote four novels"

reference

noun
1. allusion, note, comment, mention, remark, quotation, citation He summed up his philosophy, with reference to Calvin.
2. citation, note, source, credit, footnote, authority I would have found a brief list of references useful.
3. passing on, transfer, handing over, submission, turning over, committal, consignment, deliverance The claimants are seeking a reference to the European court of Justice.
verb
1. refer to, mention, cite, speak of, bring up, invoke, touch on, allude to, make reference, make mention of It specifically referenced a 1928 book on the subject.
with reference to concerning, regarding, relating to, in connection with, with respect to I'm calling with reference to your series on prejudice.

reference

noun
A statement attesting to personal qualifications, character, and dependability:
Translations
إشارَهشَهادَه شَخْص حَوْل شَخْصِيَّة إنْسانمَرْجِعمَرْجِع، مَصْدَر مَعْلومات
zmínkaodkazpokud jde oreference
anbefalinghenvisningreference
allikasreferentssoovitusviitama
suosituksetviitataviite
upućivanje na
hivatkozásszótári adat
meîmælitilvísuntilvísun, tilvísunarskrá
出典参照する参考照会言及する
참조
referencia
gledeomembapriporočilosklicevanje
hänvisning
การอ้างอิง
göndermereferansricanızla ilgili olaraksöz etmebonservis
sự nhắc đến

reference

[ˈrefrəns]
A. N
1. (= act of referring) → consulta f
an index is included for ease of reference or for easy referencese incluye un índice para facilitar la consulta
it was agreed without reference to mese acordó sin consultarme
for future reference, please note thatpor si importa en el futuro, obsérvese que ...
I'll keep it for future referencelo guardo por si hace falta consultarlo en el futuro
2. (= allusion) → alusión f, referencia f
I can't find any reference to him in the filesno encuentro nada que haga referencia a él en los archivos
he does this by reference to the same principleshace esto tomando como referencia los mismos principios
without reference to any particular casesin referirse a ningún caso (en) concreto
with particular reference tocon referencia especial a ...
he spoke without any reference to youhabló sin mencionarte para nada
to make reference to sth/sbhacer referencia a algo/algn, hacer alusión a algo/algn
see also passing
3. (= identifying source) (in text) → referencia f, remisión f; (= citation) → referencia f (Comm) (in letter, catalogue) (also reference number) → número m de referencia; (on map) → indicación f (Typ) (also reference mark) → llamada f
"reference XYZ2""número de referencia: XYZ2"
to look up a reference (in book) → buscar una referencia; (on map) → seguir las coordenadas
see also cross-reference, grid
4. (= testimonial, document) → referencia f, informe m; (= person) → garante mf, fiador(a) m/f
she has good referencestiene buenas referencias, tiene buenos informes
the firm offered to give her a referencela empresa se ofreció a darle referencias or informes
to take up (sb's) referencespedir referencias or informes (de algn)
see also character, credit
5. (= remit)
see frame A4
see point D
see term A6.1
B. VT
1. (= provide references for) [+ book] → dotar de referencias a
2. (= refer to) [+ source] → citar
C. CPD [material, tool, room] → de consulta
reference book Nlibro m de consulta
reference group N (Sociol) → grupo m de estudio
reference library Nbiblioteca f de consulta
reference mark Nllamada f
reference number Nnúmero m de referencia
reference point Npunto m de referencia
reference price N (Agr) → precio m de referencia

reference

[ˈrɛfərəns]
n
(= mention) → allusion f, mention f
a reference to sth/sb → une allusion à qch/qn
to make a reference to sth → faire allusion à qch, faire une allusion à qch
He made no reference to the murder → Il n'a fait aucune allusion au meurtre.
with reference to (in letter)suite à
in reference to (in letter)suite à
(= consultation) → consultation f
for future reference → pour information
(= note) (in book)référence f, renvoi m
(also reference number) (on letter, order, application)référence f
"please quote this reference" → "prière de rappeler cette référence"
(on map)coordonnées fpl map reference
(for job application) (= letter) → références fpl, lettre f de recommandation
Would you please give me a reference? → Pouvez-vous me faire une lettre de recommandation?, Pouvez-vous me fournir des références?
(for job application) (= person) → répondant(e) m/f
vi
to reference to sth (= refer to) → faire référence à qch
vt (= refer to) → faire référence àreference book nouvrage m de référencereference library nbibliothèque f d'ouvrages de référencereference number nnuméro m de référence

reference

n
(= act of mentioning)Erwähnung f(to sb/sth jds/einer Sache); (= allusion, direct) → Bemerkung f (→ to über +acc); (indirect) → Anspielung f (→ to auf +acc); to make (a) reference to somethingetw erwähnen; reference to any such delicate issue should be avoidedeine so delikate Sache sollte nicht erwähnt werden; this was not said with reference to youdiese Worte waren nicht auf dich gemünzt; in or with reference towas … anbetrifft; (Comm) → bezüglich (+gen); reference your letter … (Comm) → mit Bezug auf Ihren Brief (form); without reference to ageungeachtet des Alters; without reference to one’s notesohne seine Aufzeichnungen zu Hilfe zu nehmen; keep these details for (future) referencebewahren Sie diese Einzelheiten als Beleg (für später) auf
no pl (= act of passing, of matter, problem) → Weiterleitung f (→ to an +acc); (of decision)Übergabe f (→ to an +acc)
(= testimonial, also references) → Referenz(en) f(pl), → Zeugnis nt; to give somebody a good referencejdm gute Referenzen or ein gutes Zeugnis ausstellen; a banker’s referenceeine Bankauskunft or -referenz; I’ve been asked to give him a referenceman hat mich gebeten, ihm eine Referenz zu geben
(= note redirecting reader, in book, on map etc) → Verweis m; (Comm) → Zeichen nt; reference mark or sign (Typ) → Verweiszeichen nt ? cross-reference
(= connection) to have reference toin Beziehung stehen mit or zu; this has no/little reference todas steht in keiner/in kaum einer Beziehung zu
(= authority, scope: of committee, tribunal) → Zuständigkeitsbereich m ? term
(esp US) = referee N c
(Comput) → Referenz f

reference

:
reference book
reference library
reference number
nAktenzeichen nt; (of subscriber etc)Nummer f

reference

[ˈrɛfrns]
1. n
a. (allusion, direct) → riferimento, menzione f; (indirect) → allusione f; (relation, connection) → rapporto (Comm) (in letter) with reference toin or con riferimento a
without reference to any particular case → senza nessun riferimento specifico
b. (from book, list) → rimando; (on letter) → numero di riferimento; (on map) → coordinate fpl
"please quote this reference" (Comm) → "si prega di far riferimento al numero di protocollo"
c. (testimonial) reference(s)referenze fpl
may I give you as a reference? → posso dare il suo nome per referenze?
2. adj (library) → di consultazione; (point) → di riferimento

refer

(rəˈfəː) past tense, past participle reˈferred verb
(with to).
1. to talk or write (about something); to mention. He doesn't like anyone referring to his wooden leg; I referred to your theories in my last book.
2. to relate to, concern, or apply to. My remarks refer to your last letter.
3. to send or pass on to someone else for discussion, information, a decision etc. The case was referred to a higher law-court; I'll refer you to the managing director.
4. to look for information (in something). If I'm not sure how to spell a word, I refer to a dictionary.
referee (refəˈriː) noun
1. a person who controls boxing, football etc matches, makes sure that the rules are not broken etc. The referee sent two of the players off the field.
2. a person who is willing to provide a note about one's character, ability etc, eg when one applies for new job.
verbpast tense, past participle ˌrefeˈreed
to act as a referee for a match. I've been asked to referee (a football match) on Saturday.
reference (ˈrefərəns) noun
1. (an) act of referring (to something); a mention (of something). He made several references to her latest book; With reference to your request for information, I regret to inform you that I am unable to help you.
2. a note about one's character, ability etc, eg when one applies for a new job. Our new secretary had excellent references from her previous employers.
3. an indication in a book, report etc, showing where one got one's information or where further information can be found.
reference book
a book which is not usually read from beginning to end but which is consulted occasionally for information, eg a dictionary or encyclopaedia.
reference library
a library of books to be looked at for information but not borrowed.

reference, noun, is spelt with -r-.
referred and referring are spelt with -rr-.

reference

مَرْجِع zmínka reference Bezugnahme παραπομπή referencia viite référence upućivanje na riferimento 参考 참조 referentie referanse odniesienie referência ссылка hänvisning การอ้างอิง gönderme sự nhắc đến 提到

reference

n. referencia;
___ valuesvalores de ___.

reference

n referencia
References in classic literature ?
Yes, he asked me to warn you to be careful what you did and said in reference to the expedition.
In the present instance, the scout uses the word with immediate reference to the "salt," with which his own party was so fortunate as to be provided.
A scramble of things bought at La Grange, without reference to size or style.
Still, there will be a connection with the long past--a reference to forgotten events and personages, and to manners, feelings, and opinions, almost or wholly obsolete --which, if adequately translated to the reader, would serve to illustrate how much of old material goes to make up the freshest novelty of human life.
It still haunts me, and induces a sort of home-feeling with the past, which I scarcely claim in reference to the present phase of the town.
To "do it" would have been to indulge for instance--and for once in a way-- in some direct reference to the lady who had prepared them for my discipline.
Screwed at its axis against the side, a swinging lamp slightly oscillates in Jonah's room; and the ship, heeling over towards the wharf with the weight of the last bales received, the lamp, flame and all, though in slight motion, still maintains a permanent obliquity with reference to the room; though, in truth, infallibly straight itself, it but made obvious the false, lying levels among which it hung.
As, after this interlude, the seamen resumed their work upon the jacket of the whale, many strange things were hinted in reference to this wild affair.
But it was not likely that he had reference to the kind of anguish that comes with destitution, that is so endlessly bitter and cruel, and yet so sordid and petty, so ugly, so humiliating--unredeemed by the slightest touch of dignity or even of pathos.
Bird had gone back to the parlor, where, strange as it may appear, no reference was made, on either side, to the preceding conversation; but Mrs.
I took the address of that prison for future reference and then sauntered off.
Morrison that in addition to his gift of a hundred volumes to the reference library, he intended to celebrate it by offering prizes in English composition, a subject in which he was much interested.