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 (rĕf′ər-əns, rĕf′rəns)
1. The act of referring to something: filed away the article for future reference.
a. Significance for a specified matter; relation or relationship: Her speeches have special reference to environmental policy.
b. Meaning or denotation: The reference of the word "lion" is to a kind of wild cat.
3. A mention of an occurrence or situation: made frequent references to her promotion.
a. A note in a publication referring the reader to another passage or source.
b. The passage or source so referred to.
c. A work frequently used as a source.
d. A mark or footnote used to direct a reader elsewhere for additional information.
5. Law
a. Submission of a case to a referee.
b. Legal proceedings conducted before or by a referee.
a. A person who is in a position to recommend another or to vouch for his or her fitness, as for a job.
b. A statement about a person's qualifications, character, and dependability.
tr.v. ref·er·enced, ref·er·enc·ing, ref·er·ences
1. To supply (a text) with references: The author hadn't adequately referenced the third chapter, so the copyeditor suggested adding more citations. This article is thoroughly referenced with up-to-date sources.
a. To cite as a reference: The monograph doesn't reference any peer-reviewed articles.
b. Usage Problem To mention or allude to: The comedian's monologue referenced many Hollywood stars.
in/with reference to
In connection with; in relation to: This letter is in reference to the invoice that accompanied the package.

ref′er·enc·er n.
ref′er·en′tial (-ə-rĕn′shəl) adj.
ref′er·en′tial·ly adv.
Usage Note: Though originally a noun, reference is often used as a transitive verb meaning "to supply (a book, article, or other work) with references." People also use the verb to mean "To cite as a reference" or simply "To mention or allude to." Though some traditionalists oppose these latter two uses of reference, the usage is most widely accepted when the context involves actual citing of sources. For instance, in our 2013 survey, fully 70 percent of the Usage Panel found The paper references several articles on global warming at least somewhat acceptable, while only 37 percent accepted the sentence During the press conference, the mayor referenced the recent floods.


in a referential manner
References in periodicals archive ?
It is "at least referentially expressive of the thoughts and feelings of a modern scientist," but at the same time not so obtrusive "as to alienate those not fully at home in that world of thought.
For instance, Donnellan (290-91) observes that two people, neither of whom believes that a certain person is the true, rightful king, could communicate to one another by describing him referentially (and cynically) as "the king.
an employer can readily make contracts with his or her employees which referentially incorporate the minimum notice periods set out in the Act.
As scholars Chisato Kitagawa and Adrienne Lehrer (1990) maintain, personal pronouns do not always carry a personal meaning and may be used referentially (when personal pronoun stand for specific individuals), impersonally/generically (when pronouns stand for anyone, everyone, people in general), and vaguely (when pronouns stand for specific unidentified individuals) (Kitagawa, Lehrer 1990: 742).
In Neutral Accent: How Language, Labor, and Life Become Global, the phrase "neutral accent" is used partly referentially and partly metaphorically as the author gives an account of how differences--linguistic, cultural, temporal, and gender-related--are disregarded in the functioning of the call centers in Gurgaon, India.
The theory that 'all is flux' is self referentially absurd.
On the one hand, paternal images trigger a text referentially to establish a space of the real authorizing a documentary character, while, on the other hand, maternal images' gestation self-reflexively poses questions about its own falsehood, represents the suspense of interpretation, and opens up gateways to the imaginary, embracing tautological, antithetical, transgressive counter-narratives.
In a different way, Pryor's anti-aesthetic is self-consciously aware of generative engagement over and against the end of (a kind of automatic) painting itself: his angels become space-hoppers both referentially within the frame and literally outside it.
Santoli can thus be seen to incorporate a multitude of attributes into the text that encourage the reader to perceive Everything We Had in the same light as a referentially viable work.
70) As discussed below, certain of these discrepancies are formally resolved through the operation of section 133, which on one interpretation purports to referentially incorporate the entire Criminal Code.
The realization that it exists apart from and even without that which it represents visually completely dismantles the photograph's reputed status as a referentially sound image.
If we mean literally all properties, then the principle is already sunk by referentially opaque or intensional propositional attitude counterexamples, in which it is true that a = b, where we believe (doubt, fear, hope, etc.