refine


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Acronyms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.

re·fine

 (rĭ-fīn′)
v. re·fined, re·fin·ing, re·fines
v.tr.
1. To reduce to a pure state; purify.
2. To remove by purifying.
3. To free from coarse, unsuitable, or immoral characteristics: refined his manners; refined her speaking style.
v.intr.
1. To become free of impurities.
2. To acquire polish or elegance.
3. To use precise distinctions and subtlety in thought or speech.

re·fin′er n.

refine

(rɪˈfaɪn)
vb
1. to make or become free from impurities, sediment, or other foreign matter; purify
2. (Chemistry) (tr) to separate (a mixture) into pure constituents, as in an oil refinery
3. to make or become free from coarse characteristics; make or become elegant or polished
4. (often foll by: out) to remove (something impure or extraneous)
5. (intr; often foll by on or upon) to enlarge or improve (upon) by making subtle or fine distinctions
6. (tr) to make (language) more subtle or polished
[C16: from re- + fine1]
reˈfinable adj

re•fine

(rɪˈfaɪn)

v. -fined, -fin•ing. v.t.
1. to bring to a pure state; free or separate from impurities or other extraneous substances.
2. to purify from what is coarse or debasing; make elegant or cultured.
3. to bring to a finer state or form by purifying or polishing.
4. to make more fine, subtle, or precise.
v.i.
5. to become pure.
6. to become more elegant or polished.
7. to make fine distinctions in thought or language.
8. refine on or upon, to improve by inserting finer distinctions, superior elements, etc.
[1575–85]
re•fin′a•ble, adj.
re•fin′er, n.

refine


Past participle: refined
Gerund: refining

Imperative
refine
refine
Present
I refine
you refine
he/she/it refines
we refine
you refine
they refine
Preterite
I refined
you refined
he/she/it refined
we refined
you refined
they refined
Present Continuous
I am refining
you are refining
he/she/it is refining
we are refining
you are refining
they are refining
Present Perfect
I have refined
you have refined
he/she/it has refined
we have refined
you have refined
they have refined
Past Continuous
I was refining
you were refining
he/she/it was refining
we were refining
you were refining
they were refining
Past Perfect
I had refined
you had refined
he/she/it had refined
we had refined
you had refined
they had refined
Future
I will refine
you will refine
he/she/it will refine
we will refine
you will refine
they will refine
Future Perfect
I will have refined
you will have refined
he/she/it will have refined
we will have refined
you will have refined
they will have refined
Future Continuous
I will be refining
you will be refining
he/she/it will be refining
we will be refining
you will be refining
they will be refining
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been refining
you have been refining
he/she/it has been refining
we have been refining
you have been refining
they have been refining
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been refining
you will have been refining
he/she/it will have been refining
we will have been refining
you will have been refining
they will have been refining
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been refining
you had been refining
he/she/it had been refining
we had been refining
you had been refining
they had been refining
Conditional
I would refine
you would refine
he/she/it would refine
we would refine
you would refine
they would refine
Past Conditional
I would have refined
you would have refined
he/she/it would have refined
we would have refined
you would have refined
they would have refined
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.refine - improve or perfect by pruning or polishing; "refine one's style of writing"
ameliorate, improve, meliorate, amend, better - to make better; "The editor improved the manuscript with his changes"
overrefine, over-refine - refine too much or with excess of subtlety; "He is overrefining this matter"
civilise, civilize, school, cultivate, educate, train - teach or refine to be discriminative in taste or judgment; "Cultivate your musical taste"; "Train your tastebuds"; "She is well schooled in poetry"
2.refine - make more complex, intricate, or richer; "refine a design or pattern"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
involve - make complex or intricate or complicated; "The situation was rather involved"
develop - elaborate by the unfolding of a musical idea and by the working out of the rhythmic and harmonic changes in the theme; "develop the melody and change the key"
sophisticate - make more complex or refined; "a sophisticated design"
3.refine - treat or prepare so as to put in a usable condition; "refine paper stock"; "refine pig iron"; "refine oil"
process, treat - subject to a process or treatment, with the aim of readying for some purpose, improving, or remedying a condition; "process cheese"; "process hair"; "treat the water so it can be drunk"; "treat the lawn with chemicals" ; "treat an oil spill"
4.refine - reduce to a fine, unmixed, or pure state; separate from extraneous matter or cleanse from impurities; "refine sugar"
distill, make pure, purify, sublimate - remove impurities from, increase the concentration of, and separate through the process of distillation; "purify the water"
5.refine - attenuate or reduce in vigor, strength, or validity by polishing or purifying; "many valuable nutrients are refined out of the foods in our modern diet"
attenuate - become weaker, in strength, value, or magnitude
6.refine - make more precise or increase the discriminatory powers of; "refine a method of analysis"; "refine the constant in the equation"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"

refine

verb
1. purify, process, filter, cleanse, clarify, sift, distil, rarefy Oil is refined so as to remove naturally occurring impurities.
2. improve, perfect, polish, temper, elevate, hone, fine-tune Surgical techniques are constantly being refined.

refine

verb
1. To make or become clear by the removal of impurities:
2. To bring to perfection or completion:
Idiom: smooth off the rough edges.
Translations
يَصْقُل، يُحَسِّنيُنَقِّي، يُكَرِّر
čistitvylepšit
forbedreraffinere
finomít
bæta, slípa, fágahreinsa
galantiškasperdirbimo gamyklarafinavimo gamyklarafinuotasrafinuoti
attīrītuzlabot
rafinovať
arıtmakgeliştirmekıslah etmekrafine etmek

refine

[rɪˈfaɪn]
A. VT
1. [+ sugar, oil] → refinar; [+ fats] → clarificar; [+ metal] → refinar, afinar
2. (= improve) [+ design, technique, machine] → perfeccionar; [+ methods] → refinar; [+ style] → limar, purificar; [+ behaviour, style of writing] → pulir, refinar
B. VI to refine upon sth (= improve) → refinar algo, mejorar algo; (= discuss) → discutir algo con mucha sutileza

refine

[rɪˈfaɪn] vt
[+ sugar, oil] → raffiner
[+ techniques, process] → affiner; [+ machine] → améliorer

refine

vt
metal, oil, sugarraffinieren
language, manners, taste(s)verfeinern, kultivieren
techniques, methodsverfeinern, verbessern

refine

[rɪˈfaɪn] vt (sugar, oil, tastes, style) → raffinare; (design, technique, machine) → perfezionare
refine on refine upon vi + prepperfezionare, migliorare

refine

(rəˈfain) verb
1. to make (a substance eg sugar) pure by taking out dirt, waste substances etc. Oil is refined before it is used.
2. to improve. We have refined our techniques considerably since the work began.
reˈfined adjective
(negative unrefined).
1. very polite; well-mannered; elegant.
2. having been refined. refined sugar.
reˈfinement noun
1. good manners, good taste, polite speech etc.
2. (an) improvement. to make refinements.
reˈfineryplural reˈfineries noun
a place where sugar or oil etc is refined. an oil refinery.

re·fine

v. refinar, purificar.
References in classic literature ?
I had ample leisure to refine upon my uneasiness: for Steerforth was at Oxford, as he wrote to me, and when I was not at the Commons, I was very much alone.
Perhaps my master might refine a little in these speculations, which he had drawn from what he observed himself, or had been told him by others; however, I could not reflect without some amazement, and much sorrow, that the rudiments of lewdness, coquetry, censure, and scandal, should have place by instinct in womankind.
The senses could refine, and the intellect could degrade.