refinement

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Related to refinements: optical refinements

re·fine·ment

 (rĭ-fīn′mənt)
n.
1. The act of refining.
2. The result of refining; an improvement or elaboration.
3. The state or quality of being refined; cultivation, as in manners or taste.
4. A keen or precise phrasing; a subtle distinction.

refinement

(rɪˈfaɪnmənt)
n
1. the act of refining or the state of being refined
2. a fine or delicate point, distinction, or expression; a subtlety
3. fineness or precision of thought, expression, manners, etc; polish or cultivation
4. a device, change, adaptation, etc, designed to improve performance or increase efficiency

re•fine•ment

(rɪˈfaɪn mənt)

n.
1. fineness or elegance of feeling, taste, manners, language, etc.
2. an instance of this.
3. the act or process of refining.
4. the quality or state of being refined.
5. a subtle point or distinction.
6. an improved form of something.
7. a detail or device added to improve something.
[1605–15]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.refinement - a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality; "they performed with great polish"; "I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose"; "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad
flawlessness, ne plus ultra, perfection - the state of being without a flaw or defect
2.refinement - the result of improving something; "he described a refinement of this technique"
betterment, improvement, advance - a change for the better; progress in development
3.refinement - the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.)refinement - the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.)
processing - preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure; "the processing of newly arrived immigrants"; "the processing of ore to obtain minerals"
rectification - (chemistry) the process of refinement or purification of a substance by distillation
4.refinement - a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude; "without understanding the finer nuances you can't enjoy the humor"; "don't argue about shades of meaning"
meaning, signification, import, significance - the message that is intended or expressed or signified; "what is the meaning of this sentence"; "the significance of a red traffic light"; "the signification of Chinese characters"; "the import of his announcement was ambiguous"
5.refinement - the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste; "a man of intellectual refinement"; "he is remembered for his generosity and civilization"
excellence - the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree

refinement

refinement

noun
1. The act or process of removing physical impurities:
2. High style in quality, manner, or dress:
Informal: class.
3. Enlightenment and excellent taste resulting from intellectual development:
4. The ability to distinguish, especially to recognize small differences or draw fine distinctions:
Translations
تَحَسُّن، صَقْلرقَّه، دَماثَه، تَهْذيب
kultivovanostzdokonalenízlepšení
eleganceforbedring
finomításkifinomultság
betrumbótfágun
kultivovanosť
geliştirmekibarlık

refinement

[rɪˈfaɪnmənt] N
1. [of person, language] → refinamiento m; [of manners] → educación f, finura f; [of style] → elegancia f, urbanidad f
a person of some refinementuna persona fina
2. (= improvement) → mejora f; (in machine) → perfeccionamiento m
3. (= subtle detail) [of language] → sutileza f
that is a refinement of crueltyeso es ser más cruel todavía
with every possible refinement of crueltycon las formas más refinadas de la crueldad

refinement

[rɪˈfaɪnmənt] n
[person, manner] → raffinement m
(= improvement) [theory, model, plan] → amélioration f
[oil, sugar] → raffinage m

refinement

n
no pl (of metal, oil, sugar)Raffination f, → Raffinierung f, → Reinigung f
no pl (of person, language, style)Vornehmheit f, → Feinheit f; a person of evident refinementein offensichtlich kultivierter Mensch
(= improvement: in technique, machine etc) → Verfeinerung f, → Verbesserung f (→ in sth +gen)

refinement

[rɪˈfaɪnmənt] n (of person, language) → raffinatezza, finezza; (in machine, system) → miglioramento

refine

(rəˈfain) verb
1. to make (a substance eg sugar) pure by taking out dirt, waste substances etc. Oil is refined before it is used.
2. to improve. We have refined our techniques considerably since the work began.
reˈfined adjective
(negative unrefined).
1. very polite; well-mannered; elegant.
2. having been refined. refined sugar.
reˈfinement noun
1. good manners, good taste, polite speech etc.
2. (an) improvement. to make refinements.
reˈfineryplural reˈfineries noun
a place where sugar or oil etc is refined. an oil refinery.
References in classic literature ?
Here we cannot help observing, that as there is so much of policy in the lowest life, great men often overvalue themselves on those refinements in imposture, in which they are frequently excelled by some of the lowest of the human species.
The bucolic mind does not readily apprehend the refinements of good taste.
This," said he, "cannot hold; but a change, a total change of sentiments--No, no, do not desire it; for when the romantic refinements of a young mind are obliged to give way, how frequently are they succeeded by such opinions as are but too common, and too dangerous
Thus we perceive that the distinctions insisted upon were not within the contemplation of this enlightened civilian; and we shall be led to conclude, that they are the novel refinements of an erroneous theory.
thought I to myself) What a total want of delicate refinement must he have, who can thus shock our senses by such a brutal noise
Refinement and luxury have never come in your way, far less have they become indispensable to you.
She wondered if the culture and refinement she had seen imitated, perhaps grotesquely, by the heroine on the stage, could be acquired by a girl who lived in a tenement house and worked in a shirt factory.
She enjoyed that form of communication, which gave opportunity for a refinement and air of mystery not afforded by their personal interviews.
The traveller in the south must often have remarked that peculiar air of refinement, that softness of voice and manner, which seems in many cases to be a particular gift to the quadroon and mulatto women.
Tell me this: why does it happen that at the very, yes, at the very moments when I am most capable of feeling every refinement of all that is "sublime and beautiful," as they used to say at one time, it would, as though of design, happen to me not only to feel but to do such ugly things, such that .
A high degree of refinement, however, does not seem to subdue our wicked propensities so much after all; and were civilization itself to be estimated by some of its results, it would seem perhaps better for what we call the barbarous part of the world to remain unchanged.
His mind, vulgar in its effort at refinement, saw everything a little larger than life size, with the outlines blurred, in a golden mist of sentimentality.