refinement

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Related to refinements: optical refinements

re·fine·ment

 (rĭ-fīn′mənt)
n.
1. The act of refining.
2. The result of refining; an improvement or elaboration.
3. The state or quality of being refined; cultivation, as in manners or taste.
4. A keen or precise phrasing; a subtle distinction.

refinement

(rɪˈfaɪnmənt)
n
1. the act of refining or the state of being refined
2. a fine or delicate point, distinction, or expression; a subtlety
3. fineness or precision of thought, expression, manners, etc; polish or cultivation
4. a device, change, adaptation, etc, designed to improve performance or increase efficiency

re•fine•ment

(rɪˈfaɪn mənt)

n.
1. fineness or elegance of feeling, taste, manners, language, etc.
2. an instance of this.
3. the act or process of refining.
4. the quality or state of being refined.
5. a subtle point or distinction.
6. an improved form of something.
7. a detail or device added to improve something.
[1605–15]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.refinement - a highly developed state of perfection; having a flawless or impeccable quality; "they performed with great polish"; "I admired the exquisite refinement of his prose"; "almost an inspiration which gives to all work that finish which is almost art"--Joseph Conrad
flawlessness, ne plus ultra, perfection - the state of being without a flaw or defect
2.refinement - the result of improving something; "he described a refinement of this technique"
betterment, improvement, advance - a change for the better; progress in development
3.refinement - the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.)refinement - the process of removing impurities (as from oil or metals or sugar etc.)
processing - preparing or putting through a prescribed procedure; "the processing of newly arrived immigrants"; "the processing of ore to obtain minerals"
rectification - (chemistry) the process of refinement or purification of a substance by distillation
4.refinement - a subtle difference in meaning or opinion or attitude; "without understanding the finer nuances you can't enjoy the humor"; "don't argue about shades of meaning"
meaning, signification, import, significance - the message that is intended or expressed or signified; "what is the meaning of this sentence"; "the significance of a red traffic light"; "the signification of Chinese characters"; "the import of his announcement was ambiguous"
5.refinement - the quality of excellence in thought and manners and taste; "a man of intellectual refinement"; "he is remembered for his generosity and civilization"
excellence - the quality of excelling; possessing good qualities in high degree

refinement

refinement

noun
1. The act or process of removing physical impurities:
2. High style in quality, manner, or dress:
Informal: class.
3. Enlightenment and excellent taste resulting from intellectual development:
4. The ability to distinguish, especially to recognize small differences or draw fine distinctions:
Translations
تَحَسُّن، صَقْلرقَّه، دَماثَه، تَهْذيب
kultivovanostzdokonalenízlepšení
eleganceforbedring
finomításkifinomultság
betrumbótfágun
kultivovanosť
geliştirmekibarlık

refinement

[rɪˈfaɪnmənt] N
1. [of person, language] → refinamiento m; [of manners] → educación f, finura f; [of style] → elegancia f, urbanidad f
a person of some refinementuna persona fina
2. (= improvement) → mejora f; (in machine) → perfeccionamiento m
3. (= subtle detail) [of language] → sutileza f
that is a refinement of crueltyeso es ser más cruel todavía
with every possible refinement of crueltycon las formas más refinadas de la crueldad

refinement

[rɪˈfaɪnmənt] n
[person, manner] → raffinement m
(= improvement) [theory, model, plan] → amélioration f
[oil, sugar] → raffinage m

refinement

n
no pl (of metal, oil, sugar)Raffination f, → Raffinierung f, → Reinigung f
no pl (of person, language, style)Vornehmheit f, → Feinheit f; a person of evident refinementein offensichtlich kultivierter Mensch
(= improvement: in technique, machine etc) → Verfeinerung f, → Verbesserung f (→ in sth +gen)

refinement

[rɪˈfaɪnmənt] n (of person, language) → raffinatezza, finezza; (in machine, system) → miglioramento

refine

(rəˈfain) verb
1. to make (a substance eg sugar) pure by taking out dirt, waste substances etc. Oil is refined before it is used.
2. to improve. We have refined our techniques considerably since the work began.
reˈfined adjective
(negative unrefined).
1. very polite; well-mannered; elegant.
2. having been refined. refined sugar.
reˈfinement noun
1. good manners, good taste, polite speech etc.
2. (an) improvement. to make refinements.
reˈfineryplural reˈfineries noun
a place where sugar or oil etc is refined. an oil refinery.
References in classic literature ?
This," said he, "cannot hold; but a change, a total change of sentiments--No, no, do not desire it; for when the romantic refinements of a young mind are obliged to give way, how frequently are they succeeded by such opinions as are but too common, and too dangerous
So strangely clouded were these refinements by the prison manners and gloom, so spectral did they become in the inappropriate squalor and misery through which they were seen, that Charles Darnay seemed to stand in a company of the dead.
The denizens of the forest cannot, of course, expect to participate in the refinements of the land of the Free.
Good Father Aymer,'' said the Saxon, ``be it known to you, I care not for those over-sea refinements, without which I can well enough take my pleasure in the woods.
She has shown us how to take the friction out of conversation, and taught us refinements of politeness which were rare even among the Beau Brummels of pre-telephonic days.
Thus we perceive that the distinctions insisted upon were not within the contemplation of this enlightened civilian; and we shall be led to conclude, that they are the novel refinements of an erroneous theory.
Capable of inventing those refinements of sentimental grandeur which hindered her marriage in her early years, she yet could not recognize them in Athanase.
As I am only a humble foreigner, you must pardon me if I do not understand all the subtle refinements of your language.
I consider it as one of the first refinements of polished society.
The bucolic mind does not readily apprehend the refinements of good taste.
Some ten years after this event, when civilization and its refinements had crept, or rather rushed, into the settlements among these wild hills, an affair of honor occurred, and Elnathan was seen to apply a salve to the wound received by one of the parties, which had the flavor that was peculiar to the tree, or root, that Mohegan had used.
The mother looked as unconcerned as if nothing had happened to her; so easy is nature in her operations in the wilderness, when free from the enfeebling refinements of luxury, and the tamperings and appliances of art.