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1. The act of reforming or the state of being reformed.
2. Reformation A 16th-century movement in Western Europe that aimed at reforming some doctrines and practices of the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the establishment of the Protestant churches.

ref′or·ma′tion·al adj.


the act or an instance of reforming or the state of being reformed
ˌreforˈmational adj


(Protestantism) a religious and political movement of 16th-century Europe that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the establishment of the Protestant Churches


(ˌrɛf ərˈmeɪ ʃən)

1. the act of reforming or the state of being reformed.
2. (cap.) the 16th-century movement for reforming the Roman Catholic Church, which resulted in the establishment of the Protestant churches.
[1375–1425; reformacion < Latin refōrmātiō <refōrmā(re) to reform]
ref`or•ma′tion•al, adj.


the 16th-century religious movement in Europe that resulted in the formation of Protestantism. — Reformational, adj.
See also: Protestantism



clean house To purge an organization of corruption and inefficiency; frequently used of government agencies. This expression and its noun form housecleaning have been used figuratively since the early part of this century.

cleanse the Augean stables To wipe out a massive accumulation of corruption, to clean house; to perform any seemingly impossible, arduous, and extremely unpleasant task. According to classical mythology, Augeas, king of Elis, kept three thousand oxen in stables which had not been cleaned for thirty years. As one of the twelve labors for which he was to be granted immortality, Hercules was assigned the task of cleaning them in a single day. This he accomplished by diverting the river Alpheus through the stables. A variant of this expression appeared as early as 1599.

clean up one’s act To make one’s actions or outward behavior more presentable or acceptable to others; to shape up. Although the exact origin of this recent American slang expression is unknown, it may derive from the theater; an entertainer is sometimes told to delete offensive or obscene material from his performance. Similar recent American slang expressions are to get one’s act together and the abbreviated get it together.

have scales fall from one’s eyes See DISILLUSIONMENT.

turn over a new leaf To change one’s ways for the better, to become a new and better person; to start fresh, to wipe the slate clean and begin anew.

I will turn over a new leaf, and write to you. (Thomas Hughes, Tom Brown at Oxford, 1861)

Literally, this phrase means to turn to a clean, fresh page in a book. Since an open book is often figuratively used to represent a person’s life, turning to a blank page in this book of life symbolizes the start of a new and better chapter in one’s personal history. Use of this expression dates from the 16th century.

ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reformation - improvement (or an intended improvement) in the existing form or condition of institutions or practices etc.reformation - improvement (or an intended improvement) in the existing form or condition of institutions or practices etc.; intended to make a striking change for the better in social or political or religious affairs
melioration, improvement - a condition superior to an earlier condition; "the new school represents a great improvement"
counterreformation - a reformation intended to counter the results of a prior reformation
2.reformation - a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churchesReformation - a religious movement of the 16th century that began as an attempt to reform the Roman Catholic Church and resulted in the creation of Protestant churches
religious movement - a movement intended to bring about religious reforms
3.reformation - rescuing from error and returning to a rightful course; "the reclamation of delinquent children"
deliverance, rescue, saving, delivery - recovery or preservation from loss or danger; "work is the deliverance of mankind"; "a surgeon's job is the saving of lives"


noun advancement, change, improvement, betterment, amelioration the reformation of science
إصْلاح، تَحْسين


[ˌrefəˈmeɪʃən] Nreformación f
the Reformation (Rel) → la Reforma


[ˌrɛfərˈmeɪʃən] n
the Reformation (of the Church)la Réforme


[ˌrɛfərˈmeɪʃən] n (= changing, improvement) → réforme f


n (of person)Reformierung, Besserung f; the Reformationdie Reformation


[ˌrɛfəˈmeɪʃn] n (Rel) the Reformationla Riforma


(rəˈfoːm) verb
1. to improve or remove faults from. The criminal's wife stated that she had made great efforts to reform her husband.
2. to give up bad habits, improve one's behaviour etc. He admitted that he had been a criminal, but said that he intended to reform.
1. the act of improving. the reform of our political system.
2. an improvement. He intends to make several reforms in the prison system.
ˌreforˈmation (refə-) noun
reˈformed adjective
(negative unreformed) improved, especially in behaviour.
reˈformer noun
a person who wishes to bring about improvements. one of the reformers of our political system.
References in classic literature ?
But if I survive the duel, I will hide it away, and he will not know, and I will not tell him until he reforms, and I see that his reformation is going to be permanent.
Reformation may be its cure; and I could reform--I have strength yet for that--if--but where is the use of thinking of it, hampered, burdened, cursed as I am?
the stain hath become engrained by time and consuetude; let thy reformation be cautious, as it is just and wise.
The fabric of the Reformation, first undertaken in England upon a contracted basis, by a capricious and sanguinary tyrant, had been successively overthrown and restored, renewed and altered, according to the varying humors and principles of four successive monarchs.
For although I recognized various difficulties in this undertaking, these were not, however, without remedy, nor once to be compared with such as attend the slightest reformation in public affairs.
Had the Greeks, says the Abbe Milot, been as wise as they were courageous, they would have been admonished by experience of the necessity of a closer union, and would have availed themselves of the peace which followed their success against the Persian arms, to establish such a reformation.
In short, how do you know that such a reformation will be a benefit to man?
Ryde insisted strongly on the doctrines of the Reformation, visited his flock a great deal in their own homes, and was severe in rebuking the aberrations of the flesh--put a stop, indeed, to the Christmas rounds of the church singers, as promoting drunkenness and too light a handling of sacred things.
She wanted more vigorous measures, a more complete reformation, a quicker release from debt, a much higher tone of indifference for everything but justice and equity.
It is good also, not to try experiments in states, except the necessity be urgent, or the utility evident; and well to beware, that it be the reformation, that draweth on the change, and not the desire of change, that pretendeth the reformation.
In something less than an hour-and-a-half he had skirted the south of the King's Hintock estates and ascended to the untoward solitude of Cross-in-Hand, the unholy stone whereon Tess had been compelled by Alec d'Urberville, in his whim of reformation, to swear the strange oath that she would never wilfully tempt him again.
I forget how exactly, but we had been talking about the attitude of Shakespeare toward the Reformation, and I said something and immediately added, "Ah, that reminds me; such a funny thing happened the other day in Whitechapel.