refractory


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to refractory: refractory period, Refractory brick, refractory cement, refractory cancer, Refractory disease

re·frac·to·ry

 (rĭ-frăk′tə-rē)
adj.
1. Showing or characterized by obstinate resistance to authority or control: refractory children; refractory behavior.
2. Difficult to melt or work; resistant to heat: a refractory material such as silica.
3. Resistant to treatment: a refractory case of acne.
n. pl. re·frac·to·ries
One that is refractory, especially a material that has a high melting point.

[Alteration (influenced by adjectives in -ory) of obsolete refractary, from Latin refrāctārius, from refrāctus, past participle of refringere, to break up; see refract.]

re·frac′to·ri·ly adv.
re·frac′to·ri·ness n.

refractory

(rɪˈfræktərɪ)
adj
1. unmanageable or obstinate
2. (Medicine) med not responding to treatment
3. (General Physics) (of a material) able to withstand high temperatures without fusion or decomposition
n, pl -ries
(Elements & Compounds) a material, such as fire clay or alumina, that is able to withstand high temperatures: used to line furnaces, kilns, etc
[C17: variant of obsolete refractary]
reˈfractorily adv
reˈfractoriness n

re•frac•to•ry

(rɪˈfræk tə ri)

adj., n., pl. -ries. adj.
1. hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient: a refractory child.
2. resisting ordinary methods of treatment.
3. difficult to fuse, reduce, or work, as an ore or metal.
n.
4. a material that retains its shape and composition even when heated to extreme temperatures.
5. refractories, bricks of various shapes used in lining furnaces.
[1600–10; variant of refractary < Latin refrāctārius stubborn]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.refractory - lining consisting of material with a high melting pointrefractory - lining consisting of material with a high melting point; used to line the inside walls of a furnace
lining, liner - a protective covering that protects an inside surface
fireclay - a heat-resistant clay
alumina, aluminium oxide, aluminum oxide - any of various forms of aluminum oxide occurring naturally as corundum
Adj.1.refractory - not responding to treatment; "a stubborn infection"; "a refractory case of acne"; "stubborn rust stains"
medical specialty, medicine - the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
intractable - not tractable; difficult to manage or mold; "an intractable disposition"; "intractable pain"; "the most intractable issue of our era"; "intractable metal"
2.refractory - temporarily unresponsive or not fully responsive to nervous or sexual stimuli; "the refractory period of a muscle fiber"
unresponsive - not responding to some influence or stimulus
3.refractory - stubbornly resistant to authority or control; "a fractious animal that would not submit to the harness"; "a refractory child"
disobedient - not obeying or complying with commands of those in authority; "disobedient children"

refractory

refractory

adjective
Translations
itsepäinenitsepintainenkuumuudenkestäväomapäinenrefraktaarinen

refractory

[rɪˈfræktərɪ] ADJ
1. (= obstinate) → obstinado
2. (Tech) → refractario

refractory

[rɪˈfræktəri] adj (= recalcitrant) → réfractaire
refractory to → réfractaire à

refractory

adj
(Med) → hartnäckig
(Chem, Miner) → hitzebeständig

refractory

[rɪˈfræktrɪ] adj (frm) → refrattario/a

re·frac·to·ry

a. refractario-a.
1. resistente a un tratamiento;
2. que no responde a un estímulo.

refractory

adj resistente al tratamiento
References in classic literature ?
During the bustle Jo had scarcely spoken but flown about, looking pale and wild, with her things half off, her dress torn, and her hands cut and bruised by ice and rails and refractory buckles.
The slave-owner can whip his refractory slave to death,--the capitalist can starve him to death.
The officiating undertakers made some protest against these changes in the ceremonies; but, the river being alarmingly near, and several voices remarking on the efficacy of cold immersion in bringing refractory members of the profession to reason, the protest was faint and brief.
This part of the Course was usually lightened by several single combats between Biddy and refractory students.
he ejaculated at the top of his voice to a ragged wolfish-looking dog, a sort of lurcher, half mastiff, half greyhound, which ran limping about as if with the purpose of seconding his master in collecting the refractory grunters; but which, in fact, from misapprehension of the swine-herd's signals, ignorance of his own duty, or malice prepense, only drove them hither and thither, and increased the evil which he seemed to design to remedy.
It has rarely been attempted to be employed, but against the weaker members; and in most instances attempts to coerce the refractory and disobedient have been the signals of bloody wars, in which one half of the confederacy has displayed its banners against the other half.
It had not been intended for burnings, but offered a convenient place to tie up refractory slaves that they might be beaten--ofttimes until death relieved their agonies.
He guessed, likewise, by induction, that Porthos was taking his revenge for the defeat of Chantilly, when the procurator's wife had proved so refractory with respect to her purse.
Under this name too, they were used with great effect as a means of taming refractory children, so that at the sight of poor Miss Anne's sallow face, several small urchins had a terrified sense that she was cognizant of all their worst misdemeanours, and knew the precise number of stones with which they had intended to hit Farmer Britton's ducks.
At this critical moment, the young hunter, who during the salutations of the parties had sat in rather sullen silence, sprang from the sleigh of Marmaduke to the heads of the refractory leaders.
Always refractory and grumbling -- monsieur -- monsieur -- What do they call you?
As for him, he believed, at the most, that his ear was a little refractory.