refuse

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re·fuse 1

 (rĭ-fyo͞oz′)
v. re·fused, re·fus·ing, re·fus·es
v.tr.
1.
a. To indicate unwillingness to do, accept, give, or allow: She was refused admittance. He refused treatment.
b. To indicate unwillingness (to do something): refused to leave.
2. To decline to jump (an obstacle). Used of a horse.
v.intr.
To decline to do, accept, give, or allow something.

[Middle English refusen, from Old French refuser, from Vulgar Latin *refūsāre, probably blend of Latin recūsāre, to refuse; see recuse, and Latin refūtāre, refute; see refute.]

re·fus′er n.
Synonyms: refuse1, decline, reject, spurn, rebuff
These verbs mean to be unwilling to accept, consider, or receive someone or something. Refuse implies determination and often brusqueness: "The commander ... refused to discuss questions of right" (George Bancroft)."I'll make him an offer he can't refuse" (Mario Puzo).
To decline is to refuse politely: "I declined election to the National Institute of Arts and Letters ... and now I must decline the Pulitzer Prize" (Sinclair Lewis).
Reject suggests the discarding of someone or something as defective or useless; it implies categoric refusal: "He again offered himself for enlistment and was again rejected" (Arthur S.M. Hutchinson).
To spurn is to reject scornfully or contemptuously: "The more she spurns my love, / The more it grows" (Shakespeare).
Rebuff pertains to blunt or disdainful rejection: "He had ... gone too far in his advances, and had been rebuffed" (Robert Louis Stevenson).

ref·use 2

 (rĕf′yo͞os)
n.
Items or material discarded or rejected as useless or worthless; trash or rubbish.

[Middle English, from Old French refus, rejection, refuse, from refuser, to refuse; see refuse1.]

refuse

(rɪˈfjuːz)
vb
1. (tr) to decline to accept (something offered): to refuse a present; to refuse promotion.
2. to decline to give or grant (something) to (a person, organization, etc)
3. (when tr, takes an infinitive) to express determination not (to do something); decline: he refuses to talk about it.
4. (Horse Training, Riding & Manège) (of a horse) to be unwilling to take (a jump), as by swerving or stopping
5. (tr) (of a woman) to declare one's unwillingness to accept (a suitor) as a husband
[C14: from Old French refuser, from Latin refundere to pour back; see refund]
reˈfusable adj
reˈfuser n

refuse

(ˈrɛfjuːs)
n
a. anything thrown away; waste; rubbish
b. (as modifier): a refuse collection.
[C15: from Old French refuser to refuse1]

re•fuse1

(rɪˈfyuz)

v. -fused, -fus•ing. v.t.
1. to decline to accept (something offered).
2. to decline to give; deny (a request, demand, etc.).
3. to express a determination not to (do something): to refuse to discuss an issue.
4. to decline to submit to.
5. to decline to accept (a suitor) in marriage.
6. (of a horse) to decline to leap over (a barrier).
7. Obs. to renounce.
v.i.
8. to decline acceptance, consent, or compliance.
[1300–50; Middle English < Middle French refuser, Old French < Vulgar Latin *refūsāre, perhaps b. Latin recūsāre to demur (see recusant) and refūtāre to refute]
re•fus′a•ble, adj.
re•fus′er, n.
syn: refuse, reject, spurn, decline imply nonacceptance of something. refuse is direct and emphatic in expressing a determination not to accept what is offered or proposed: to refuse an offer of help. reject is even more forceful and definite: to reject an author's manuscript. To spurn is to reject with scorn: to spurn a bribe. decline is a milder and more courteous term: to decline an invitation.

ref•use2

(ˈrɛf yus)

n.
1. something that is discarded as worthless or useless; rubbish; trash; garbage.
adj.
2. rejected as worthless; discarded.
[1325–75; Middle English < Middle French; Old French refus denial, rejection]

refuse

Refuse can be a verb or a noun. When it is a verb, it is pronounced (/rɪfjuːz/). When it is a noun, it is pronounced (/refjuːs/).

1. used as a verb

If you refuse to do something, you deliberately do not do it, or you say firmly that you will not do it.

He refused to accept their advice.
Three employees were dismissed for refusing to join a union.
2. 'reject'

If you do not agree with an idea or belief, you do not say that you 'refuse' it. You say that you reject it.

Some people reject the idea of a mixed economy.
It was hard for me to reject my family's religious beliefs.
3. used as a noun

Refuse is a noun used to refer to things that you throw away.

...a dump for refuse.
This department is also responsible for refuse collection.

Several other words are used to refer to things that are thrown away.

refuse


Past participle: refused
Gerund: refusing

Imperative
refuse
refuse
Present
I refuse
you refuse
he/she/it refuses
we refuse
you refuse
they refuse
Preterite
I refused
you refused
he/she/it refused
we refused
you refused
they refused
Present Continuous
I am refusing
you are refusing
he/she/it is refusing
we are refusing
you are refusing
they are refusing
Present Perfect
I have refused
you have refused
he/she/it has refused
we have refused
you have refused
they have refused
Past Continuous
I was refusing
you were refusing
he/she/it was refusing
we were refusing
you were refusing
they were refusing
Past Perfect
I had refused
you had refused
he/she/it had refused
we had refused
you had refused
they had refused
Future
I will refuse
you will refuse
he/she/it will refuse
we will refuse
you will refuse
they will refuse
Future Perfect
I will have refused
you will have refused
he/she/it will have refused
we will have refused
you will have refused
they will have refused
Future Continuous
I will be refusing
you will be refusing
he/she/it will be refusing
we will be refusing
you will be refusing
they will be refusing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been refusing
you have been refusing
he/she/it has been refusing
we have been refusing
you have been refusing
they have been refusing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been refusing
you will have been refusing
he/she/it will have been refusing
we will have been refusing
you will have been refusing
they will have been refusing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been refusing
you had been refusing
he/she/it had been refusing
we had been refusing
you had been refusing
they had been refusing
Conditional
I would refuse
you would refuse
he/she/it would refuse
we would refuse
you would refuse
they would refuse
Past Conditional
I would have refused
you would have refused
he/she/it would have refused
we would have refused
you would have refused
they would have refused
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.refuse - food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)refuse - food that is discarded (as from a kitchen)
waste, waste material, waste matter, waste product - any materials unused and rejected as worthless or unwanted; "they collect the waste once a week"; "much of the waste material is carried off in the sewers"
Verb1.refuse - show unwillingness towards; "he declined to join the group on a hike"
react, respond - show a response or a reaction to something
freeze off, spurn, pooh-pooh, disdain, scorn, turn down, reject - reject with contempt; "She spurned his advances"
contract out - refuse to pay a levy to a union for political use
regret - decline formally or politely; "I regret I can't come to the party"
repudiate - refuse to recognize or pay; "repudiate a debt"
disobey - refuse to go along with; refuse to follow; be disobedient; "He disobeyed his supervisor and was fired"
consent, go for, accept - give an affirmative reply to; respond favorably to; "I cannot accept your invitation"; "I go for this resolution"
2.refuse - refuse to acceptrefuse - refuse to accept; "He refused my offer of hospitality"
freeze off, spurn, pooh-pooh, disdain, scorn, turn down, reject - reject with contempt; "She spurned his advances"
dishonor, dishonour - refuse to accept; "dishonor checks and drafts"
bounce - refuse to accept and send back; "bounce a check"
accept, take, have - receive willingly something given or offered; "The only girl who would have him was the miller's daughter"; "I won't have this dog in my house!"; "Please accept my present"
3.refuse - elude, especially in a baffling way; "This behavior defies explanation"
beggar - be beyond the resources of; "This beggars description!"
elude, escape - be incomprehensible to; escape understanding by; "What you are seeing in him eludes me"
4.refuse - refuse to let have; "She denies me every pleasure"; "he denies her her weekly allowance"
keep, hold on - retain possession of; "Can I keep my old stuffed animals?"; "She kept her maiden name after she married"
abnegate, deny - deny oneself (something); restrain, especially from indulging in some pleasure; "She denied herself wine and spirits"
withhold, keep back - hold back; refuse to hand over or share; "The father is withholding the allowance until the son cleans his room"
5.refuse - resist immunologically the introduction of some foreign tissue or organ; "His body rejected the liver of the donor"
react, respond - show a response or a reaction to something
6.refuse - refuse entrance or membershiprefuse - refuse entrance or membership; "They turned away hundreds of fans"; "Black people were often rejected by country clubs"
freeze off, spurn, pooh-pooh, disdain, scorn, turn down, reject - reject with contempt; "She spurned his advances"

refuse

1
verb
1. decline, reject, turn down, scorn, spurn, say no to, repudiate I could hardly refuse his invitation.
2. deny, decline, withhold, not grant, discountenance She was refused access to her children.
deny give, allow, agree, accept, approve, permit, consent

refuse

2
noun rubbish, waste, sweepings, junk (informal), litter, garbage, trash, sediment, scum, dross, dregs, leavings, dreck (slang, chiefly U.S.), offscourings, lees a weekly collection of refuse

refuse

verb
1. To be unwilling to accept, consider, or receive:
Slang: nix.
Idiom: turn thumbs down on.
2. To be unwilling to grant:
Translations
حُثَالَةقُمامَه، زُبالَهيَرْفُضيَرْفُضُيَرْفُض إعْطاء الإذِن
odmítnoutodpadkysmetínepovolitnepřijmout
affaldafslåforbydenægteskrald
jätekieltääkieltäytyä
odbitiotpad
megtagadvisszautasít
hafnaneitaneita umrusl
ごみ拒否する
거절하다쓰레기
recusare
atkritumiatliekasatteiktatteiktiesnedot piekrišanu
nepovoliťneprijať
odklonitiodpadkizavrniti
vägrasopor
ขยะปฏิเสธ
ráctừ chối

refuse

1 [rɪˈfjuːz]
A. VT
1. (= decline) [+ offer, chance] → rechazar, rehusar; [+ applicant] → rechazar
it was an offer he couldn't refuseera una oferta que no podía rechazar or rehusar
the patient has the right to refuse treatmentel paciente tiene derecho a negarse a someterse a tratamiento
he was devastated when she refused himestaba desolado cuando ella lo rechazó
she refused their invitation to stay to dinnerrechazó or no aceptó su invitación para quedarse a cenar
he never refuses a drinknunca dice que no a una copa
to refuse to do sth [person] → negarse a hacer algo
he refused to comment after the trialse negó a or rehusó hacer comentarios después del juicio
my legs refused to functionmis piernas se negaban a funcionar
2. (= not grant) [+ request, permission] (gen) → negar; (officially) → denegar
the police refused permission for the marchla policía denegó el permiso or les negó el permiso para hacer la marcha
to refuse sb sth (gen) → negar algo a algn; (officially) → denegar algo a algn
they were refused permission to leaveles negaron autorización para salir
I was refused entry to Malawime denegaron la entrada a Malaui
they can refuse her nothingno le pueden negar nada
B. VI
1. [person] → negarse
I don't see how I can refuseno veo cómo puedo negarme
2. [horse] → plantarse

refuse

2 [ˈrefjuːs]
A. N
1. (= rubbish) → basura f, desperdicios mpl
garden refusedesperdicios mpl del jardín
household refusebasura f doméstica, residuos mpl domésticos
2. (= industrial waste) → desechos mpl, residuos mpl
B. CPD refuse bin Ncubo m or (LAm) bote m or tarro m de la basura
refuse chute Nrampa f de desperdicios, rampa f de la basura
refuse collection Nrecogida f de basura
refuse collector Nbasurero m
refuse disposal Neliminación f de basuras
refuse disposal unit Ntriturador m de basura
refuse dump N = refuse tip refuse lorry Ncamión m de la basura
refuse tip Nvertedero m, basural m (LAm)

refuse

[rɪˈfjuːz]
vt [+ offer, gift, payment] → refuser
to refuse treatment [patient] → refuser le traitement
to refuse permission for sth → refuser d'autoriser qch
to refuse sb sth → refuser qch à qn
virefuser
to refuse to do sth → refuser de faire qch
[ˈrɛfjuːs] n (= rubbish) → ordures fplrefuse bin [ˈrɛfjuːsbɪn] npoubelle frefuse chute [ˈrɛfjuːsʃuːt] n (in building)vide-ordures m invrefuse collection [ˈrɛfjuːskəlɛkʃən] nramassage m des orduresrefuse collector [ˈrɛfjuːskəlɛktər] néboueur/euse m/frefuse disposal [ˌrɛfjuːsdɪˈspəʊzəl] ntraitement m des orduresrefuse dump [ˈrɛfjuːsdʌmp] ndécharge f (publique)refuse lorry [ˈrɛfjuːslɒri] (British) refuse truck [ˈrɛfjuːstrʌk] (US) nbenne f à ordures

refuse

in cpdsMüll-;
refuse bin
nMülleimer m
refuse chute
refuse collection
nMüllabfuhr f
refuse collector
nMüllwerker(in) m(f), → Müllmann m (inf)
refuse destructor
nMüllvernichtungsanlage f
refuse disposal
refuse disposal service
nMüllabfuhr f
refuse disposal unit
nMüllzerkleinerer m
refuse dump
refuse lorry
nMüllwagen m

refuse

1
vt candidate, proposal, offerablehnen; invitation alsoabsagen; (stronger) → abweisen, zurückweisen; visa, permit, permission, paymentverweigern; to refuse to do somethingsich weigern, etw zu tun, etw nicht tun wollen; I refuse to believe itich weigere mich, das zu glauben, ich glaube das einfach nicht; I refuse to be blackmailedich lasse mich nicht erpressen; to be refused somethingetw nicht bekommen; he was refused entry into Germanyihm wurde die Einreise nach Deutschland verweigert; he was refused a visaihm wurde das Visum verweigert; they were refused permission (to leave)es wurde ihnen nicht gestattet (wegzugehen); he refused fooder verweigerte die Nahrungsaufnahme; he/his request was refuseder/seine Bitte wurde abgelehnt; she refused himsie wies ihn ab or zurück; the horse refused the fencedas Pferd hat am Hindernis verweigert
viablehnen; (to do sth) → sich weigern

refuse

2
nMüll m; (= food waste)Abfall m; household refuseHaus(halts)müll m; garden refuseGartenabfälle pl

refuse

1 [rɪˈfjuːz]
1. vt (all senses) → rifiutare
to refuse sb sth → rifiutare qc a qn
to refuse to do sth → rifiutare or rifiutarsi di fare qc
2. virifiutarsi; (horse) → rifiutare (l'ostacolo)

refuse

2 [ˈrɛfjuːs] nrifiuti mpl
garden refuse → rifiuti del giardino

refuse1

(rəˈfjuːz) verb
1. not to do what one has been asked, told or is expected to do. He refused to help me; She refused to believe what I said; When I asked him to leave, he refused.
2. not to accept. He refused my offer of help; They refused our invitation; She refused the money.
3. not to give (permission etc). I was refused admittance to the meeting.
reˈfusal noun
I was surprised at his refusal to help me; When we sent out the wedding invitations, we had several refusals.

refuse2

(ˈrefjuːs) noun
rubbish; waste material from eg a kitchen.
refuse collector, refuse collection vehicle
a person who collects, a vehicle for collecting, rubbish.

refuse

حُثَالَة, يَرْفُضُ odmítnout, odpadky affald, afslå Abfall, ablehnen απορρίμματα, αρνούμαι rechazar, rechazo jäte, kieltäytyä ordures, refuser odbiti, otpad rifiutare, rifiuto ごみ, 拒否する 거절하다, 쓰레기 afval, weigeren avfall, nekte odmówić, odpady lixo, recusar отказывать, отходы sopor, vägra ขยะ, ปฏิเสธ reddetme, reddetmek rác, từ chối 废物, 拒绝

refuse

n. desecho, basura; desperdicios;
v. rehusar, rechazar, denegar;
___ the hospital food___ la comida del hospital;
___ to take the medicationrehusar tomar la medicina.

refuse

vt rechazar; to refuse a transfusion..rechazar una transfusión
References in classic literature ?
We heard voices in the room in which she lay, and presently the nurse returned to say that the patient refused to see anyone.
Much as Mamma pressed her, she refused, and I know she won't change once she has said.
He has refused his Assent to Laws, the most wholesome and necessary for the public good.
That an old gentleman of station should fall on his knees to a penniless governess, and burst out laughing because she refused to marry him-- that a penniless governess should refuse a Baronet with four thousand a year--these were mysteries which Miss Crawley could never comprehend.
She felt sure she would dance the mazurka with him as she had done at former balls, and refused five young men, saying she was engaged for the mazurka.
that is, I would have refused, and to be sure it may be called refusing, for I might have had it certainly; and to be sure you might have been in some houses;--but, for my part, would not methinks for the world have your ladyship wrong me so much as to imagine I ever thought of betraying you, even before I heard the good news.
Sir Francis corrected Passepartout's time, whereupon the latter made the same remark that he had done to Fix; and up on the general insisting that the watch should be regulated in each new meridian, since he was constantly going eastward, that is in the face of the sun, and therefore the days were shorter by four minutes for each degree gone over, Passepartout obstinately refused to alter his watch, which he kept at London time.
Casaubon must have been newly embittered by this thrusting upon him of a presence which he refused to recognize.
You will feel for my disappointment, I am sure, when I tell you, in the fewest and plainest words, that Miss Vanstone has refused me.
But the maiden absolutely refused to attend to her father's words, and at length, in despair, the grand-vizir was obliged to give way, and went sadly to the palace to tell the Sultan that the following evening he would bring him Scheherazade.
In my town house, in Oakland, I finished the stock of liquor and wilfully refused to purchase more.
When I reproved them, or refused to gratify their wishes, after a glaring fault, it should be more in sorrow than in anger: their little hymns and prayers I would make plain and clear to their understanding; when they said their prayers at night and asked pardon for their offences, I would remind them of the sins of the past day, solemnly, but in perfect kindness, to avoid raising a spirit of opposition; penitential hymns should be said by the naughty, cheerful ones by the comparatively good; and every kind of instruction I would convey to them, as much as possible, by entertaining discourse--apparently with no other object than their present amusement in view.