refute

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re·fute

 (rĭ-fyo͞ot′)
tr.v. re·fut·ed, re·fut·ing, re·futes
1. To prove to be false or erroneous; overthrow by argument or proof: refute testimony.
2. To deny the accuracy or truth of: refuted the results of the poll.
3. Usage Problem To repudiate.

[Latin refūtāre; see bhau- in Indo-European roots.]

re·fut′a·bil′i·ty (rĭ-fyo͞o′tə-bĭl′ĭ-tē, rĕf′yə-tə-) n.
re·fut′a·ble (rĭ-fyo͞o′tə-bəl, rĕf′yə-tə-) adj.
re·fut′a·bly adv.
re·fut′er n.
Usage Note: Traditionally, the verb refute has two meanings. The first is "to prove to be false or erroneous," as in Charges of institutional bias against women were refuted by an analysis of the employment data. In this example, it is clear that an argument was mustered to demonstrate the falsity of the charges. This usage is well established as standard. The second meaning is "to deny the accuracy of," and in this use there is no mention or implication of mustering evidence or detailed reasoning. Rather, the refutation exists as a simple statement or claim. This second use has been criticized as incorrect or inappropriate since the early 1900s, despite being common. A majority of the Usage Panel accepts the use as a synonym of deny, but not by a wide margin. In our 2002 survey, 62 percent accepted the example In the press conference, the senator categorically refuted the charges of malfeasance but declined to go into details. This suggests that many readers are uncomfortable with this usage and would prefer to see deny in these contexts. Beyond these two meanings, refute is sometimes used to mean "to deny the validity of, repudiate," as in Observers are expecting the appeals court to refute the Microsoft breakup. The Panel has scant affection for this usage. Some 89 percent rejected the example just quoted in the 2002 survey.

refute

(rɪˈfjuːt)
vb
1. (tr) to prove (a statement, theory, charge, etc) of (a person) to be false or incorrect; disprove
2. to deny (a claim, charge, allegation, etc)
[C16: from Latin refūtāre to rebut]
refutable adj
refutability n
ˈrefutably adv
reˈfuter n
Usage: The use of refute to mean deny is thought by many people to be incorrect

re•fute

(rɪˈfyut)

v.t. -fut•ed, -fut•ing.
1. to prove to be false or erroneous, as an opinion or charge.
2. to prove (a person) to be in error.
[1505–15; < Latin refūtāre to check, suppress, refute, rebut =re- re- + -fūtāre presumably, “to beat” (attested only with the prefixes con- and re-; compare confute)]
re•fut•a•ble (rɪˈfyu tə bəl, ˈrɛf yə tə-) adj.
re•fut`a•bil′i•ty, n.
re•fut′a•bly, adv.
re•fut′er, n.
rebut, refute - To rebut a statement is to offer clear evidence or a reasoned argument against it; to refute a statement is to prove it wrong (neither means "contradict" or "deny").
See also related terms for prove.

refute


Past participle: refuted
Gerund: refuting

Imperative
refute
refute
Present
I refute
you refute
he/she/it refutes
we refute
you refute
they refute
Preterite
I refuted
you refuted
he/she/it refuted
we refuted
you refuted
they refuted
Present Continuous
I am refuting
you are refuting
he/she/it is refuting
we are refuting
you are refuting
they are refuting
Present Perfect
I have refuted
you have refuted
he/she/it has refuted
we have refuted
you have refuted
they have refuted
Past Continuous
I was refuting
you were refuting
he/she/it was refuting
we were refuting
you were refuting
they were refuting
Past Perfect
I had refuted
you had refuted
he/she/it had refuted
we had refuted
you had refuted
they had refuted
Future
I will refute
you will refute
he/she/it will refute
we will refute
you will refute
they will refute
Future Perfect
I will have refuted
you will have refuted
he/she/it will have refuted
we will have refuted
you will have refuted
they will have refuted
Future Continuous
I will be refuting
you will be refuting
he/she/it will be refuting
we will be refuting
you will be refuting
they will be refuting
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been refuting
you have been refuting
he/she/it has been refuting
we have been refuting
you have been refuting
they have been refuting
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been refuting
you will have been refuting
he/she/it will have been refuting
we will have been refuting
you will have been refuting
they will have been refuting
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been refuting
you had been refuting
he/she/it had been refuting
we had been refuting
you had been refuting
they had been refuting
Conditional
I would refute
you would refute
he/she/it would refute
we would refute
you would refute
they would refute
Past Conditional
I would have refuted
you would have refuted
he/she/it would have refuted
we would have refuted
you would have refuted
they would have refuted
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.refute - overthrow by argument, evidence, or proof; "The speaker refuted his opponent's arguments"
repudiate, disown, renounce - cast off; "She renounced her husband"; "The parents repudiated their son"
controvert, contradict, oppose - be resistant to; "The board opposed his motion"
answer - give a defence or refutation of (a charge) or in (an argument); "The defendant answered to all the charges of the prosecution"
2.refute - prove to be false or incorrect
confute, disprove - prove to be false; "The physicist disproved his colleagues' theories"

refute

verb disprove, counter, discredit, prove false, silence, overthrow, negate, rebut, give the lie to, blow out of the water (slang), confute It was the kind of rumour that is impossible to refute.
prove, confirm, substantiate
Usage: The use of refute to mean deny as in I'm not refuting the fact that is thought by some people to be incorrect. In careful writing it may be advisable to use refute only where there is an element of disproving something through argument and evidence, as in we haven't got evidence to refute their hypothesis.

refute

verb
To prove or show to be false:
Translations
يَدْحَض
vyvrátit
modbevise
hrekja, afsanna
atmestinaspaneigiamas
atspēkot
delillerle çürütmek

refute

[rɪˈfjuːt] VTrefutar, rebatir

refute

[rɪˈfjuːt] vt [+ suggestion, allegation, claim, idea] → réfuter

refute

vtwiderlegen

refute

[rɪˈfjuːt] vt (frm) → confutare

refute

(rəˈfjuːt) verb
to prove that (a person, statement etc) is wrong. You can easily refute his argument.
reˈfutable adjective
ˌrefuˈtation (refju-) noun
References in classic literature ?
He would transfer a question to metaphysical heights, pass on to definitions of space, time, and thought, and, having deduced the refutation he needed, would again descend to the level of the original discussion.
Again, when Socrates argues that he must believe in the gods because he believes in the sons of gods, we must remember that this is a refutation not of the original indictment, which is consistent enough--'Socrates does not receive the gods whom the city receives, and has other new divinities' --but of the interpretation put upon the words by Meletus, who has affirmed that he is a downright atheist.
With regard to civil causes, subtleties almost too contemptible for refutation have been employed to countenance the surmise that a thing which is only not provided for, is entirely abolished.
Some years ago I might have been induced, by an occasion like the present, to attempt a formal refutation of their doctrine; at present it would be a work of supererogation.
The natural divisions are five in number;--( 1) Book I and the first half of Book II down to the paragraph beginning, "I had always admired the genius of Glaucon and Adeimantus," which is introductory; the first book containing a refutation of the popular and sophistical notions of justice, and concluding, like some of the earlier Dialogues, without arriving at any definite result.
The people, in the case of which we speak, could justify its prejudice against Roger Chillingworth by no fact or argument worthy of serious refutation.
Well," said Franz with a sigh, "do as you please my dear viscount, for your arguments are beyond my powers of refutation.
Two posts came in, and brought no refutation, public or private.
Often the pleasure is illusory, but their error in calculation is no refutation of the rule.
And in his action I found complete refutation of all Wolf Larsen's materialism.
What word have you to say in refutation of the charge?
Newman pointed to the empty glass, as though it were a sufficient refutation of the charge, and briefly said that he was going downstairs to supper.