CPP is a paradigm that evaluates the conditioned reinforcing effect of substances of abuse, given that the contextual stimuli (such as the color or texture of the floor or the compartment where the drug is received) can acquire appetitive properties when associated with the primary reinforcing stimulus
, in this case the substance of abuse (Aguilar, Rodrfguez-Arias & Minarro, 2009; Bardo & Bevins, 2000; Tzschentke, 1998, 2007).
The food (US) can also act as a reinforcing stimulus
to previous responses, such as pressing a bar, making the future occurrence of responses belonging to the same class in question more likely.
Much of the challenge with IAD is defining what the reinforcing stimulus
is: Is it the online experience, the gambling component if money is spent to "power-up" players, or the social interaction with other human players?
A behavior followed by a reinforcing stimulus
results in an increased probability of that behavior occurring in the future.
In such cases, the aversive stimulus is often referred to as a negatively reinforcing stimulus
or negative reinforcer.
Additionally, three types of nonexclusionary timeout include a removal of the reinforcing stimulus
When you're dealing with a reinforcing stimulus
, that's important.
In addition, because the nature of the NCR was not specifically matched to any known reinforcing stimulus
properties, these results may lend support to the assertion that arbitrary NCR can be a productive treatment intervention when behavioral function cannot be identified.
If the student did not achieve the set objective during the probes, 10-second training/test intervals were implemented to pair a reinforcing stimulus
with the target item.
According to Skinner's theory, food or any other reinforcing stimulus
consistently made available after a random behavior-any act fancied by the experimenter-renders that behavior inevitable whenever the stimulus reappears.
A free operant preference assessment as described by Roane, Vollmer, Ringdahl, and Marcus (1998) was used to identify the reinforcing stimulus
to be used during sessions.
The trainer shows the potentially reinforcing stimulus
to the child, asks the child to turn around (or otherwise makes sure that the child cannot observe), puts a potentially reinforcing stimulus
under one of two opaque cups turned upside down on the table.