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These verbs mean to make something less severe or more bearable. To relieve is to make more endurable something causing discomfort or distress: "that misery which he strives in vain to relieve" (Henry David Thoreau).
Allay suggests at least temporary relief from what is burdensome or painful: "This music crept by me upon the waters, / Allaying both their fury and my passion / With its sweet air" (Shakespeare).
Alleviate connotes temporary lessening of distress without removal of its cause: "No arguments shall be wanting on my part that can alleviate so severe a misfortune" (Jane Austen).
To assuage is to soothe or make milder: assuaged his guilt by confessing to the crime. Lighten signifies to make less heavy or oppressive: legislation that would lighten the taxpayer's burden. Mitigate and palliate connote moderating the force or intensity of something that causes suffering: "I ... prayed to the Lord to mitigate a calamity" (John Galt)."Organizations for writers palliate the writer's loneliness but I doubt if they improve his writing" (Ernest Hemingway).
v. -lieved, -liev•ing. v.t.
relieve- Metaphorically, to "alleviate, lighten," from Latin relevare, "raise again."
Relieve /rɪ'liːv/ is a verb. If something relieves an unpleasant feeling, it makes it less unpleasant.
If someone or something relieves you of an unpleasant feeling or difficulty, you no longer have it.
Relieve is often used in the passive structure be relieved. If you are relieved, you feel happy because something unpleasant has stopped or has not happened.
Be relieved is often followed by a to-infinitive.
Relief /rɪ'liːf/ is a noun. If you feel relief, you feel glad because something unpleasant has stopped or has not happened.
Relief is also money, food, or clothing that is provided for people who are very poor or hungry.
Past participle: relieved
|Verb||1.||relieve - provide physical relief, as from pain; "This pill will relieve your headaches"|
soothe - cause to feel better; "the medicine soothes the pain of the inflammation"
|2.||relieve - free someone temporarily from his or her obligations|
spell - relieve (someone) from work by taking a turn; "She spelled her husband at the wheel"
|3.||relieve - grant relief or an exemption from a rule or requirement to; "She exempted me from the exam"|
derestrict - make free from restrictions
deregulate - lift the regulations on
dispense - grant a dispensation; grant an exemption; "I was dispensed from this terrible task"
forgive - absolve from payment; "I forgive you your debt"
spare - save or relieve from an experience or action; "I'll spare you from having to apologize formally"
|4.||relieve - lessen the intensity of or calm; "The news eased my conscience"; "still the fears"|
abreact - discharge bad feelings or tension through verbalization
|5.||relieve - save from ruin, destruction, or harm|
|6.||relieve - relieve oneself of troubling information|
confide - reveal in private; tell confidentially
|7.||relieve - provide relief for; "remedy his illness"|
practice of medicine, medicine - the learned profession that is mastered by graduate training in a medical school and that is devoted to preventing or alleviating or curing diseases and injuries; "he studied medicine at Harvard"
|8.||relieve - free from a burden, evil, or distress|
|9.||relieve - take by stealing; "The thief relieved me of $100"|
take - take by force; "Hitler took the Baltic Republics"; "The army took the fort on the hill"
|10.||relieve - grant exemption or release to; "Please excuse me from this class"|
frank - exempt by means of an official pass or letter, as from customs or other checks
|11.||relieve - alleviate or remove (pressure or stress) or make less oppressive; "relieve the pressure and the stress"; "lighten the burden of caring for her elderly parents"|
mitigate - make less severe or harsh; "mitigating circumstances"
ease intensify, worsen, heighten, exacerbate, aggravate
to feel relieved → sentirse aliviado
to relieve the boredom of the journey → para que el viaje se haga menos aburrido
the plain is relieved by an occasional hill → de vez en cuando una colina rompe con la monotonía de la llanura
to relieve one's feelings → desahogarse
I relieved my feelings in a letter → me desahogué escribiendo una carta
to relieve sb of a post → destituir a algn
he was relieved of his command → fue relevado de su mando
let me relieve you of your coat → permítame tomarle el abrigo
to relieve sb of his wallet (hum) → quitar la cartera a algn, robar la cartera a algn
I'll come and relieve you at six → vengo a las seis a relevarte
This injection will relieve the pain → Cette piqûre va soulager la douleur.
to relieve sb of sth [+ pain, stress, anxiety] → soulager qn de qch
A porter relieved her of her suitcases → Un porteur la débarrassa de ses bagages. (humorous) → soulager qn de qch
They have come up with many new ways to relieve tourists of their cash → Ils ont trouvé de nombreuses manières de soulager les touristes de leur argent.
to be relieved of one's post → être relevé(e) de son poste
to relieve sb of his command → relever qn de ses fonctions
I am relieved to hear you are better → sono sollevato dalla notizia che stai meglio
to relieve sb of sth (load) → alleggerire qn di qc (anxiety) → sollevare qn da qc (duty) → esonerare qn da qc
to relieve sb of his command (Mil) → esonerare qn dal comando
to relieve one's anger → sfogare la propria rabbia
to relieve congestion in sth (Med) → decongestionare qc
to relieve o.s. (euph) (go to lavatory) → fare i propri bisogni