We studied the two specific laboratory measures (anti-dsDNA antibodies and renal casts
, both of which contribute to the SLEDAI-2K total score) because they are well known as important markers of the most active and severe forms of SLE and may represent more objective elements of SLE activity (as opposed to the musculoskeletal manifestation of arthritis for example, which may be a subtle or even subjective finding).
6) Renal casts
and glycoproteins can damage the kidneys if many are present in the urine.
A new and faster workstation, the Model 500, introduces full-color imaging to allow easier differentiation of blood cells and renal casts
and enhanced detection of crystals, yeast and other micro-organisms.