repress


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re·press

 (rĭ-prĕs′)
v. re·pressed, re·press·ing, re·press·es
v.tr.
1. To hold back or prevent by an act of volition: couldn't repress a smirk.
2.
a. To put down or subdue by force: repress a rebellion.
b. To end, limit, or restrain, as by intimidation or other action: repress a heresy; repress inflation.
3. Psychology To exclude (painful or disturbing memories, for example) automatically or unconsciously from the conscious mind.
4. Biology
a. To prevent (the transcription of a gene or the synthesis of a protein) by the combination of a protein with an operator gene.
b. To prevent or limit the synthesis of (a protein).
v.intr.
To take repressive action.

[Middle English repressen, from Latin reprimere, repress- : re-, re- + premere, to press; see per-4 in the Appendix of Indo-European roots.]

re·press′i·bil′i·ty n.
re·press′i·ble adj.
Usage Note: Repress and suppress have similar meanings, but there are subtle differences that are worth paying attention to. Both share the general sense of holding back or subduing something, but repress suggests keeping something under control to maintain or regulate order, while suppress suggests a more active curtailment, an active fight against an opposing force. Thus, The government repressed the rebellion implies that the government always maintained control and that the rebellious forces never posed a serious threat to governmental power before being put down, while The government suppressed the rebellion suggests that a significant rebellion was under way and that the government had to react strongly to put an end to it. Similarly, one might repress (rather than suppress) a smirk in order to maintain a serious appearance, and one would take a medicine that suppresses (rather than represses) a cough in order to reduce its severity. · Both words also see use in psychology, and here a similar distinction prevails. Repress generally means "to exclude painful or disturbing memories automatically or unconsciously from the conscious mind." Suppress means "to exclude unacceptable desires or thoughts deliberately from the mind." Using repress to express a conscious effort, as in For years he tried to repress his frightful memories, is thus incorrect.

repress

(rɪˈprɛs)
vb (tr)
1. to keep (feelings, etc) under control; suppress or restrain: to repress a desire.
2. to put into a state of subjugation: to repress a people.
3. (Psychoanalysis) psychoanal to banish (thoughts and impulses that conflict with conventional standards of conduct) from one's conscious mind
[C14: from Latin reprimere to press back, from re- + premere to press1]
reˈpresser n
reˈpressible adj

re-press

(ˈriˈprɛs)

v.t., v.i.
to press again.
[1870–75]

re•press

(rɪˈprɛs)

v.t.
1. to check or inhibit (actions or desires).
2. to keep down or suppress (anything objectionable).
3. to quell (disorder, sedition, etc.).
4. to reduce (persons) to subjection.
5. to suppress (memories, emotions, or impulses) unconsciously.
v.i.
6. to initiate or undergo repression.
[1325–75; Middle English < Latin repressus, past participle of reprimere=re- re- + primere to press1]
re•press′i•ble, adj.

repress


Past participle: repressed
Gerund: repressing

Imperative
repress
repress
Present
I repress
you repress
he/she/it represses
we repress
you repress
they repress
Preterite
I repressed
you repressed
he/she/it repressed
we repressed
you repressed
they repressed
Present Continuous
I am repressing
you are repressing
he/she/it is repressing
we are repressing
you are repressing
they are repressing
Present Perfect
I have repressed
you have repressed
he/she/it has repressed
we have repressed
you have repressed
they have repressed
Past Continuous
I was repressing
you were repressing
he/she/it was repressing
we were repressing
you were repressing
they were repressing
Past Perfect
I had repressed
you had repressed
he/she/it had repressed
we had repressed
you had repressed
they had repressed
Future
I will repress
you will repress
he/she/it will repress
we will repress
you will repress
they will repress
Future Perfect
I will have repressed
you will have repressed
he/she/it will have repressed
we will have repressed
you will have repressed
they will have repressed
Future Continuous
I will be repressing
you will be repressing
he/she/it will be repressing
we will be repressing
you will be repressing
they will be repressing
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been repressing
you have been repressing
he/she/it has been repressing
we have been repressing
you have been repressing
they have been repressing
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been repressing
you will have been repressing
he/she/it will have been repressing
we will have been repressing
you will have been repressing
they will have been repressing
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been repressing
you had been repressing
he/she/it had been repressing
we had been repressing
you had been repressing
they had been repressing
Conditional
I would repress
you would repress
he/she/it would repress
we would repress
you would repress
they would repress
Past Conditional
I would have repressed
you would have repressed
he/she/it would have repressed
we would have repressed
you would have repressed
they would have repressed
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Verb1.repress - put down by force or intimidation; "The government quashes any attempt of an uprising"; "China keeps down her dissidents very efficiently"; "The rich landowners subjugated the peasants working the land"
crush, oppress, suppress - come down on or keep down by unjust use of one's authority; "The government oppresses political activists"
2.repress - conceal or hide; "smother a yawn"; "muffle one's anger"; "strangle a yawn"
conquer, inhibit, stamp down, suppress, subdue, curb - to put down by force or authority; "suppress a nascent uprising"; "stamp down on littering"; "conquer one's desires"
3.repress - put out of one's consciousness
psychiatry, psychological medicine, psychopathology - the branch of medicine dealing with the diagnosis and treatment of mental disorders
forget, bury - dismiss from the mind; stop remembering; "I tried to bury these unpleasant memories"
swallow - keep from expressing; "I swallowed my anger and kept quiet"
4.repress - block the action of
change - undergo a change; become different in essence; losing one's or its original nature; "She changed completely as she grew older"; "The weather changed last night"

repress

verb
1. control, suppress, hold back, bottle up, check, master, hold in, overcome, curb, restrain, inhibit, overpower, keep in check People who repress their emotions risk having nightmares.
control release, encourage, express, let out, give free rein to
2. hold back, suppress, stifle, smother, silence, swallow, muffle I couldn't repress a sigh of admiration.
3. subdue, abuse, crush, oppress, quash, wrong, persecute, quell, subjugate, maltreat, trample underfoot, tyrannize over, rule with an iron hand They have been repressed for decades.
subdue free, liberate

repress

verb
To hold (something requiring an outlet) in check:
Informal: sit on (or upon).
Translations
يَكْبِت
potlačit
undertrykke
bæla niîur
nuslopinimasnuslopintirepresijarepresinisrepresyvumas
apslāpētapspiest

repress

[rɪˈpres] VTreprimir

repress

[rɪˈprɛs] vt
(= suppress) [+ desire, emotion, anger] → réprimer
(= oppress) [+ person] → réprimer

repress

vt revolt, population, emotions, desiresunterdrücken; laugh, sneezeunterdrücken, zurückhalten; (Psych) → verdrängen

repress

[rɪˈprɛs] vtreprimere

repress

(rəˈpres) verb
to keep (an impulse, a desire to do something etc) under control. He repressed a desire to hit the man.
reˈpression (-ʃən) noun
reˈpressive (-siv) adjective
severe; harsh.
reˈpressiveness noun

repress

v. reprimir.

repress

vt (psych) reprimir
References in classic literature ?
Then, as if reproach- ing himself for the longing that he could not repress, he went and kissed the two tousled heads upon the pillow, took down his seldom-used meerschaum, and opened his Plato.
Damon standing in a little clearing, with upraised club, Tom could not repress a laugh.
Well, well," continued Hawkeye, making a hasty sign to repress his impatience; "I am much of your mind myself; though I thought it becoming my experience to tell the whole.
He is in no danger of death," said Hepzibah,--and added, with bitterness that she could repress no longer, "none; unless he shall be persecuted to death, now, by the same man who long ago attempted it
Prepared and on her guard as our pursuit had actually made her, she would repress every betrayal; and I was therefore shaken, on the spot, by my first glimpse of the particular one for which I had not allowed.
He had been able to repress every disrespectful word; but the flashing eye, the gloomy and troubled brow, were part of a natural language that could not be repressed,--indubitable signs, which showed too plainly that the man could not become a thing.
Nothing, indeed," thought I, as I struggled to repress a sob, and hastily wiped away some tears, the impotent evidences of my anguish.
He retained a great deal of the reserve for which his boyhood was remarkable; and that served to repress all startling demonstrations of feeling.
Mary was sitting on her stool nearby and she suddenly made a very queer sound which she tried so violently to repress that she ended by almost choking.
A heavy sigh, which she tried vainly to repress, burst from her lips.
There was a remarkable expression in it now; a kind of serious delight of which he felt ashamed, and which he struggled to repress.
The repetition to any ears - even to Steerforth's - of what she had been unable to repress when her heart lay open to me by an accident, I felt would be a rough deed, unworthy of myself, unworthy of the light of our pure childhood, which I always saw encircling her head.