On one hand, the difficulty Advanced Cell Technology experienced with its research should set reproductive cloning
back and provide further much-needed time for reflection on it, Cole-Turner said.
Irv Weismann, MD, a professor at the Stanford Medical School and chairman of the National Academy of Sciences panel on human reproductive cloning
, isn't optimistic about its chance of success.
At a meeting of the United Nations Committee on an International Convention Against the Reproductive Cloning
of Human Beings, the US delegate Carolyn Willson revealed the country is seeking a 'global and comprehensive ban' on human cloning.
A spokesman for the authority said, "We have clearly stated that we will not allow human reproductive cloning
in the UK.
Yet some want to ban all applications of SCNT, including transplant- oriented research, as a means of blocking reproductive cloning
Fearing that Britain could become a haven for human cloning experiments, the Government quickly sent the Human Reproductive Cloning
Bill through Parliament.
The immediate concern of the Government is that no one should think that they can come to the UK to exploit the current situation where reproductive cloning
is unregulated,' she said.
This approach is now reflected in California's state constitution through voter approval of "Proposition 71" in November 2004: >TX It rejects "human reproductive cloning
," defined as using a cloned embryo to initiate a pregnancy if this is done as part of "the practice of creating or attempting to create a human being" (which seems intended to mean a live-born human being).
There would be no reproductive cloning
, he added, with eggs not being allowed to grow beyond 14 days and the remaining cells destroyed.
He also denied that British science was on the 'slippery slope' to reproductive cloning
, and said he would back any moves to ban such activities.
Unlike reproductive cloning
, which is meant to create genetically identical organisms, therapeutic cloning aims to grow embryonic stem cells into tissue that matches a patient's genetic signature.
Even though the science is similar, the technique is different to reproductive cloning
( illegal in the UK ( which aims to create a human being.