reserpine


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re·ser·pine

 (rĭ-sûr′pēn′, -pĭn, rĕs′ər-pĭn, -pēn′, rĕz′-)
n.
A drug, C33H40N2O9, isolated from the roots of certain species of rauwolfia and used as an antihypertensive.

[German Reserpin, from shortening and alteration of New Latin Rauvolfia serpentīna, species of snakeroot : rauwolfia + Late Latin serpentīna, feminine of serpentīnus, serpentine; see serpentine.]

reserpine

(ˈrɛsəpɪn)
n
(Pharmacology) an insoluble alkaloid, extracted from the roots of the plant Rauwolfia serpentina, used medicinally to lower blood pressure and as a sedative and tranquillizer. Its main adverse effect is mental depression. Formula: C33H40N2O9
[C20: from German Reserpin, probably from the New Latin name of the plant]

res•er•pine

(rəˈsɜr pɪn, -pin)

n.
an alkaloid, C33H40N2O9, obtained from the root of the rauwolfia, Rauwolfia serpentina, used in the treatment of hypertension.
[1950–55; < German Reserpin=reserp- (probably irreg. < New Latin Rauwolfia serpentina (Rauwolfia rauwolfia + Late Latin serpentīna, feminine of serpentīnus serpentine1)) + German -in -ine2]
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reserpine - antihypertensive consisting of an alkaloid extracted from the plant Rauwolfia serpentina (trade names Raudixin or Rau-Sed or Sandril or Serpasil)
antihypertensive, antihypertensive drug - a drug that reduces high blood pressure
rauwolfia - any of several alkaloids extracted from the shrub Rauwolfia serpentina
Translations
réserpine

reserpine

n reserpina
References in periodicals archive ?
Sensitivity: 1pg reserpine injected with JetStream ESI on-column in MS mode shall produce 500:1 RMS while maintaining resolution 40,000 at m/z 2,722 in 4 GHZ mode.
Researchers then used the drug reserpine to block normal ant brains from transporting dopamine.
Essential features of the P-glycoprotein pharmacophore as defined by a series of reserpine analogs that modulate multidrug resistance.
It then discusses the chemical composition, pharmacology, and mechanism of action of reserpine and rauwolfia.
After finishing top of the Burghley leaderboard 12 months ago, Clifton Promise tested positive for the banned substance reserpine, a sedative.
Reserpine, a Rauvolfia alkaloid with centrally acting anti-adrenergic properties, [1] was previously widely used as a first-line drug in the treatment of mild to moderate hypertension, but has largely been replaced by other antihypertensives owing to its side-effect profile.
By a common cold) * Drug-induced: rhinitis medicamentosa caused by topical decongestants or other drugs (beta-blockers, ACE inhibitors, reserpine, calcium channel blockers, methyldopa, alphareceptor antagonists, phosphodiesterase-5 inhibitors, aspirin, NSAIDS, oral contraceptives) * Vasomotor rhinitis (non-allergic rhinopathy) * Occupational rhinitis * Chronic infective rhinosinusitis * Gustatory rhinitis * Pregnancy-associated rhinitis * Primary ciliary dyskinesia * Primary or secondary immune deficiency * Cystic fibrosis * Senile rhinitis Table 2.
These medications include various antipsychotics, such as those described in this article, as well as metoclopramide, domperidone, cisapride, [alpha]-methyldopa, reserpine, verapamil, estrogens, ramelteon, opiates, and cocaine.
Savory CJ and L Kostal Behavioural responses to reserpine treatment in restricted-fed broiler breeder fowls.
Reserpine alkaloids are present in root, stem, leaves and seeds of plant and percentage of alkaloids depends on the geographical place from where the plant is collected.
Piddock and Ricci (11) had also reported that CCCP and reserpine do not change the MICs of FQs for the reference strain M.
Modern drugs like aspirin, atropine, ephedrine, digoxin, morphine, quinine, reserpine and tubocurarine are examples, which were originally discovered through observations of traditional cure methods of indigenous peoples Gilani and Rahman, (2005).