reserve


Also found in: Thesaurus, Medical, Legal, Financial, Acronyms, Idioms, Encyclopedia, Wikipedia.
Related to reserve: military reserve, dictionary

re·serve

 (rĭ-zûrv′)
tr.v. re·served, re·serv·ing, re·serves
1. To keep back, as for future use or for a special purpose: The hospital reserves certain drugs for the most serious cases.
2. To set or cause to be set apart for a particular person or use: reserved a seat on the next flight out. See Synonyms at book1.
3. To keep or secure for oneself; retain: I reserve the right to disagree. See Synonyms at keep.
n.
1.
a. Something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose: a runner with a reserve of energy for the final lap.
b. An amount of capital that is not invested or otherwise used in order to meet probable demands, such as withdrawals by bank depositors or claims on insurance policies.
2.
a. Lack of enthusiasm, as from a misgiving or doubt: supported the idea without reserve.
b. Self-restraint in expression or bearing; reticence or coolness: maintained a dignified reserve throughout the ceremony.
3. A reservation of public land: a forest reserve.
4. An amount of a mineral, fossil fuel, or other resource known to exist in a particular location and to be exploitable: the discovery of large oil reserves.
5.
a. A fighting force kept uncommitted until strategic need arises.
b. The part of a country's armed forces not on active duty but subject to call in an emergency.
c. A member of either of these forces: the army's active reserves.
6. Sports
a. A group of players that play only as substitutes for starters in games or are kept from playing for some reason.
b. One of these players.
adj.
Held in or forming a reserve: a reserve supply of food.
Idiom:
in reserve
Kept back, set aside, or saved.

[Middle English reserven, from Old French reserver, from Latin reservāre, to keep back : re-, re- + servāre, to keep; see ser- in Indo-European roots.]

re·serv′a·ble adj.
re·serv′er n.

reserve

(rɪˈzɜːv)
vb (tr)
1. to keep back or set aside, esp for future use or contingency; withhold
2. to keep for oneself; retain: I reserve the right to question these men later.
3. to obtain or secure by advance arrangement: I have reserved two tickets for tonight's show.
4. (Law) to delay delivery of (a judgment), esp in order to allow time for full consideration of the issues involved
n
5.
a. something kept back or set aside, esp for future use or contingency
b. (as modifier): a reserve stock.
6. the state or condition of being reserved: I have plenty in reserve.
7. (Environmental Science) a tract of land set aside for the protection and conservation of wild animals, flowers, etc: a nature reserve.
8. Also called: reservation Canadian an area of land set aside, esp (in the US and Canada) for American or Canadian Indian peoples
9. Austral and NZ an area of publicly owned land set aside for sport, recreation, etc
10. the act of reserving; reservation
11. (General Sporting Terms) a member of a team who only plays if a playing member drops out; a substitute
12. (Military) (often plural)
a. a part of an army or formation not committed to immediate action in a military engagement
b. that part of a nation's armed services not in active service
13. coolness or formality of manner; restraint, silence, or reticence
14. (Banking & Finance) finance
a. a portion of capital not invested (a capital reserve) or a portion of profits not distributed (a revenue or general reserve) by a bank or business enterprise and held to meet legal requirements, future liabilities, or contingencies
b. (often plural) liquid assets held by an organization, government, etc, to meet expenses and liabilities
15. without reserve without reservations; fully; wholeheartedly
[C14: from Old French reserver, from Latin reservāre to save up, from re- + servāre to keep]
reˈservable adj
reˈserver n

re•serve

(rɪˈzɜrv)

v. -served, -serv•ing,
n., adj. v.t.
1. to keep back or save for future use.
2. to retain or secure by prior arrangement.
3. to set apart for a particular use.
4. to delay; postpone: to reserve judgment.
5. to retain (the original color) of a surface, as on a painted ceramic piece.
n.
6.
a. cash, or assets readily convertible into cash, held aside to meet unexpected demands.
b. uninvested cash held to comply with legal requirements.
7. something stored for use or need; stock: a reserve of food.
8. a resource not normally called upon but available if needed.
9.
a. a tract of public land set apart for a special purpose: a forest reserve.
b. Canadian. such land set apart for the use of First Nations.
10. an act of reserving; reservation, exception, or qualification.
11.
a. part of a military force held in readiness to augment the main force.
b. the part of a country's fighting force not in active service.
c. reserves, the enrolled but not regular components of the U.S. Army.
12. formality and self-restraint; avoidance of familiarity or intimacy with others.
13. reticence or silence; forebearance.
adj.
14. kept in reserve; forming a reserve.
Idioms:
1. in reserve, put aside or withheld for a future need; reserved: money in reserve.
2. without reserve, without restraint; frankly; freely.
[1325–75; (v.) < Middle French reserver < Latin reservāre to keep back =re- re- + servāre to save]
re•serv′a•ble, adj.
syn: See keep.

reserve

1. Portion of a body of troops that is kept to the rear, or withheld from action at the beginning of an engagement, in order to be available for a decisive movement.
2. Members of the Military Services who are not in active service but who are subject to call to active duty.
3. Portion of an appropriation or contract authorization held or set aside for future operations or contingencies and, in respect to which, administrative authorization to incur commitments or obligations has been withheld. See also operational reserve; reserve supplies.

Reserve

 

See Also: EMOTIONS, PERSONALITY TRAITS, REMOTENESS

  1. Animated as a department store mannequin —Anon
  2. Apathy dropped from her like a garment —Edna Ferber
  3. As excited as a mortician at a cheap funeral —Raymond Chandler
  4. As much feeling as a sphinx —Maureen Dowd, New York Times, 1985
  5. (My father was) born without emotions like some people are born without little fingers —Pat Conroy
  6. Buries her feelings as a dog buries a bone —Anon
  7. Closed himself like a shellfish under attack —Kenzaburo Oe
  8. Detached as a funeral director —Stanley Elkin
  9. Detach oneself [as from a situation] like a zipout lining —Anon
  10. (The sun is as) dispassionate as the hand of a man who greets you with his mind on other things —Beryl Markham
  11. Drew a circle around herself, like the safe zone in a children’s game where no pursuers may enter and no prisoners may leave —David Michael Kaplan
  12. (I could) feel the armor, like a steel skin, slipping around me —William Diehl
  13. The habit of reserve was like an iron mould —Ellen Glasgow See Also: HABIT
  14. Keep them [emotions] tucked away, and only produce them very occasionally, like special little pots of jam, when the people whom I love come to tea —Katherine Mansfield
  15. Like a toothpaste … gave only a little at a time —Donald Seaman
  16. Lived inside herself as precisely as a walnut in its shell, nothing rattling, nothing wasting —Jessamyn West
  17. (She had withdrawn into herself and) no longer projected anything, like an actor reaching the wings, the character falling like a cape to reveal the person beneath, innocuous —Lynne Sharon Schwartz
  18. Numb as a broomstick —William Alfred
  19. Persons extremely reserved are like old enamelled watches, which had painted covers that hindered your seeing what o’clock it was —Horace Walpole
  20. A prudent reserve [about being open with other people] is as necessary as a seeming openness is prudent —Lord Chesterfield
  21. Retreated into himself like a turtle —Carlos Fuentes
  22. She was reserved … like a picture so hung that it can be seen only at a certain angle; an angle known to no one but its possessor —Edith Wharton
  23. Shrunk into herself as though she had been touched by something coarse —Anton Chekhov
  24. Sit inside themselves like honey in a jar and just be —Elizabeth Janeway
  25. Spiritless as corked champagne —James G. Huneker
  26. Taught herself to control feelings … the way an Indian fakir controls pain —Shana Alexander

reserve


Past participle: reserved
Gerund: reserving

Imperative
reserve
reserve
Present
I reserve
you reserve
he/she/it reserves
we reserve
you reserve
they reserve
Preterite
I reserved
you reserved
he/she/it reserved
we reserved
you reserved
they reserved
Present Continuous
I am reserving
you are reserving
he/she/it is reserving
we are reserving
you are reserving
they are reserving
Present Perfect
I have reserved
you have reserved
he/she/it has reserved
we have reserved
you have reserved
they have reserved
Past Continuous
I was reserving
you were reserving
he/she/it was reserving
we were reserving
you were reserving
they were reserving
Past Perfect
I had reserved
you had reserved
he/she/it had reserved
we had reserved
you had reserved
they had reserved
Future
I will reserve
you will reserve
he/she/it will reserve
we will reserve
you will reserve
they will reserve
Future Perfect
I will have reserved
you will have reserved
he/she/it will have reserved
we will have reserved
you will have reserved
they will have reserved
Future Continuous
I will be reserving
you will be reserving
he/she/it will be reserving
we will be reserving
you will be reserving
they will be reserving
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been reserving
you have been reserving
he/she/it has been reserving
we have been reserving
you have been reserving
they have been reserving
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been reserving
you will have been reserving
he/she/it will have been reserving
we will have been reserving
you will have been reserving
they will have been reserving
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been reserving
you had been reserving
he/she/it had been reserving
we had been reserving
you had been reserving
they had been reserving
Conditional
I would reserve
you would reserve
he/she/it would reserve
we would reserve
you would reserve
they would reserve
Past Conditional
I would have reserved
you would have reserved
he/she/it would have reserved
we would have reserved
you would have reserved
they would have reserved
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.reserve - formality and propriety of mannerreserve - formality and propriety of manner  
correctitude, properness, propriety - correct or appropriate behavior
demureness - the trait of behaving with reserve and decorum
2.reserve - something kept back or saved for future use or a special purposereserve - something kept back or saved for future use or a special purpose
accumulation - (finance) profits that are not paid out as dividends but are added to the capital base of the corporation
bank - a supply or stock held in reserve for future use (especially in emergencies)
fuel level - the amount of fuel remaining
reserve account, reserve fund - funds taken out of earnings to provide for anticipated future payments
3.reserve - an athlete who plays only when a starter on the team is replaced
bench - the reserve players on a team; "our team has a strong bench"
athlete, jock - a person trained to compete in sports
bench warmer - (sports) a substitute who seldom plays
pinch hitter - (baseball) a substitute for the regular batter
4.reserve - (medicine) potential capacity to respond in order to maintain vital functions
medical specialty, medicine - the branches of medical science that deal with nonsurgical techniques
indefinite quantity - an estimated quantity
pulmonary reserve - the additional volume of air that the lungs can inhale and exhale when breathing to the limit of capacity in times of stress
5.reserve - a district that is reserved for particular purposereserve - a district that is reserved for particular purpose
administrative district, administrative division, territorial division - a district defined for administrative purposes
Indian reservation - a reservation set aside for the use of Indians
preserve - a reservation where animals are protected
6.reserve - armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergencyreserve - armed forces that are not on active duty but can be called in an emergency
armed forces, armed services, military, military machine, war machine - the military forces of a nation; "their military is the largest in the region"; "the military machine is the same one we faced in 1991 but now it is weaker"
reservist - a member of a military reserve
7.reserve - the trait of being uncommunicative; not volunteering anything more than necessary
uncommunicativeness - the trait of being uncommunicative
Verb1.reserve - hold back or set aside, especially for future use or contingency; "they held back their applause in anticipation"
withhold, keep back - hold back; refuse to hand over or share; "The father is withholding the allowance until the son cleans his room"
devote - set aside or apart for a specific purpose or use; "this land was devoted to mining"
2.reserve - give or assign a resource to a particular person or causereserve - give or assign a resource to a particular person or cause; "I will earmark this money for your research"; "She sets aside time for meditation every day"
allot, portion, assign - give out; "We were assigned new uniforms"
3.reserve - obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance; "We managed to reserve a table at Maxim's"
call for, request, bespeak, quest - express the need or desire for; ask for; "She requested an extra bed in her room"; "She called for room service"
book up - book all available places or tickets
book, reserve, hold - arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance; "reserve me a seat on a flight"; "The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family"; "please hold a table at Maxim's"
4.reserve - arrange for and reserve (something for someone else) in advance; "reserve me a seat on a flight"; "The agent booked tickets to the show for the whole family"; "please hold a table at Maxim's"
call for, request, bespeak, quest - express the need or desire for; ask for; "She requested an extra bed in her room"; "She called for room service"
reserve - obtain or arrange (for oneself) in advance; "We managed to reserve a table at Maxim's"
hold open, keep open, save, keep - retain rights to; "keep my job for me while I give birth"; "keep my seat, please"; "keep open the possibility of a merger"

reserve

verb
1. book, arrange in advance, make a reservation for, prearrange, pre-engage, engage, bespeak I'll reserve a table for five.
2. put by, keep, hold, save, secure, retain, set aside, hold back, put aside, lay aside Ask your newsagent to reserve your copy today.
3. keep, hold, save, husband, store, retain, preserve, set aside, withhold, hang on to, conserve, stockpile, hoard, lay up, put by, keep back Strain and reserve the cooking liquor.
4. delay, postpone, withhold, put off, defer, keep back The Court has reserved its judgement.
noun
1. store, fund, savings, stock, capital, supply, reservoir, fall-back, stockpile, hoard, backlog, cache The country's reserves of petrol are running very low.
2. reservation, park, preserve, sanctuary, tract monkeys at the wildlife reserve
5. (often plural) reinforcements, extras, auxiliary, backup a squadron leader in the RAF military reserve
adjective
1. substitute, extra, spare, secondary, alternative, fall-back, auxiliary You always have to have reserve players.
in reserve in readiness, ready, spare, to hand, on hand, on call This is the vehicle kept in reserve.

reserve

verb
1. To have and maintain in one's possession:
2. To cause to be set aside, as for one's use, in advance:
noun
1. A supply stored or hidden for future use:
Slang: stash.
2. The keeping of one's thoughts and emotions to oneself:
3. Public land kept for a special purpose:
adjective
Translations
إحْتِياطياِحْتيَاطِيّتَحَفُّظجُنْدي أو جَيْش إحْتِياطيمَحْمِيَّه
rezervovatrezervacerezervovanostšetřit (si)záloha
reservatreservereserverereserverreservation
varumine
varatavarausvarautuneisuusvarmuusvarastopidättää
rezervarezervatrezervirati
foglallefoglaltartaléktartalék állomány
friîlandhlédrægnitaka frátaka frá, pantavaraforîi
予約する保留地保護区備蓄取っておく
보유보호구역예약하다
laikyti atsargojerezervacijarezervasrezervuota vietarezervuotas
atturībaiepriekš pasūtītkrājumsliegumspataupīt
rezervovanosť
rezervarezerviratirezervistzaloga
reserverabokareservat
เขตสงวนการสำรองจองสำรอง
yer ayırtmakçekingenlikihtiyatlarkoruma alanıkoruma bölgesi
chuẩn bịdành riêngđặt chỗđể dànhdự bị

reserve

[rɪˈzɜːv]
A. N
1. [of money, fuel, minerals] → reserva f
to have sth in reservetener algo de reserva
to have a reserve of strengthtener una reserva de fuerzas
to keep sth in reserveguardar algo en reserva
there are untapped reserves of energyhay fuentes de energía sin explotar todavía
Spain possesses half the world's reserves of pyritesEspaña posee la mitad de las reservas mundiales de piritas
2. (Mil) the reservela reserva
3. (esp Brit) (Sport) → reserva mf, suplente mf
to play in or with the reservesjugar en el segundo equipo
4. (= land) → reserva f (also game reserve) → coto m (de caza) (also nature reserve) → reserva f natural
5. (= restriction) without reservesin reserva
6. (= hiding one's feelings) → reserva f
without reservesin reserva
B. VT
1. (= book, set aside) → reservar
that's being reserved for meeso está reservado para mí
did you reserve the tickets?¿has reservado los billetes?
to reserve the right to do sthreservarse el derecho de hacer algo
to reserve one's strengthconservar las fuerzas
I'm reserving myself for laterme reservo para más tarde
2. (Jur) → aplazar
I reserve judgment on thisme reservo el juicio en este asunto
the judge reserved sentenceel juez difirió la sentencia
C. CPD reserve currency Ndivisa f de reserva
reserve fund Nfondo m de reserva
reserve petrol tank (Brit) reserve gas tank (US) Ndepósito m de gasolina de reserva
reserve player Nsuplente mf
reserve price N (Brit) → precio m mínimo (fijado en una subasta)
reserve team N (Brit) (Sport) → equipo m de reserva

reserve

[rɪˈzɜːrv]
n
(= supply) → réserve f
the world's oil reserves → les réserves de pétrole mondiales
He was able to draw on vast reserves of talent and enthusiasm → Il pouvait s'appuyer sur de vastes réserves de talent et d'enthousiasme.
to keep sth in reserve → garder qch en réserve
(= protected land) → réserve f
wildlife reserve → réserve naturelle
forest reserve → réserve forestière
(= reticence) → réserve f
(mainly British) (SPORT) (= substitute) → remplaçant(e) m/f
I was reserve in the game last Saturday → J'étais remplaçant dans le match de samedi dernier.
(MILITARY)réservistes mpl
vt
(= book) [+ seats, table, room] → réserver
I'd like to reserve a table for tomorrow evening → J'aimerais réserver une table pour demain soir.
(= set aside) [+ seats, table, room] → réserver
to be reserved for the use of → être réservé(e) à l'usage de
reserves npl (MILITARY)réservistes mplreserve bank n (US)banque f de réservereserve currency nmonnaie f de réserve

reserve

vt
(= keep)aufsparen, aufheben; to reserve judgement/one’s decisionmit einem Urteil/seiner Entscheidung zurückhalten; to reserve the right to do somethingsich (dat)(das Recht) vorbehalten, etw zu tun; to reserve oneself for somethingsich für etw schonen
(= book in advance: client) → reservieren lassen; the lady at the box office reserved 4 seats for usdie Dame an der Kasse hat uns 4 Plätze reserviert; are you reserving these seats for anyone?haben Sie diese Plätze für jemanden reserviert?
n
(= store) (→ an +dat) → Reserve f, → Vorrat m; (Fin) → Reserve f; to have great reserves of energygroße Kraftreserven haben; cash reserveBarreserve f; world reserves of copperdie Weltkupferreserven pl, → die Weltreserven plan Kupfer; to have/keep something in reserveetw in Reserve haben/halten
without reserveohne Vorbehalt, vorbehaltlos; with great reserveunter or mit starken Vorbehalten
(= piece of land)Reservat nt, → Reservation f
(= coolness, reticence)Reserve f, → Zurückhaltung f; he treated me with some reserveer behandelte mich etwas reserviert
(Mil: = force) → Reserve f; (= soldier)Soldat(in) m(f)der Reserve; the reservesdie Reserveeinheiten
(Sport) → Reservespieler(in) m(f)

reserve

in cpdsReserve-;
reserve currency
nReservewährung f

reserve

:
reserve fund
nRücklage f, → Reservefonds m
reserve holdings
pl (Fin) → Währungsreserven pl
reserve list
n (Brit Mil) → Reserveliste f
reserve player
nReservespieler(in) m(f)
reserve price
n (Brit) → Mindest- or Ausrufpreis m
reserve tank
nReservetank m
reserve team
nReserve(mannschaft) f

reserve

[rɪˈzɜːv]
1. n
a. (most senses) → riserva; (hiding one's feelings) → riserbo
keep/have in reserve → tenere/avere di riserva
without reserve → senza riserve
b. the reserves npl (Mil) → le riserve
2. vt
a. (table, seat) → prenotare, riservare; (set aside) → riservare
to reserve one's strength → risparmiarsi le forze
b. to reserve judgment (on) (fig) → riservarsi di decidere in merito (a)
to reserve the right to do → riservarsi il diritto di fare

reserve

(rəˈzəːv) verb
1. to ask for or order to be kept for the use of a particular person, often oneself. The restaurant is busy on Saturdays, so I'll phone up today and reserve a table.
2. to keep for the use of a particular person or group of people, or for a particular use. These seats are reserved for the committee members.
noun
1. something which is kept for later use or for use when needed. The farmer kept a reserve of food in case he was cut off by floods.
2. a piece of land used for a special purpose eg for the protection of animals. a wild-life reserve; a nature reserve.
3. the habit of not saying very much, not showing what one is feeling, thinking etc; shyness.
4. (often in plural) soldiers, sailors etc who do not belong to the regular full-time army, navy etc but who are called into action when needed eg during a war.
ˌreserˈvation (rezə-) noun
1. the act of reserving. the reservation of a room.
2. something (eg a table in a restaurant) which has been reserved. Have you a reservation, Sir?
3. a doubt.
4. a piece of land set aside for a particular purpose. an Indian reservation in the United States.
reˈserved adjective
not saying very much; not showing what one is feeling, thinking etc. a reserved manner.
have/keep etc in reserve
to have or keep (something) in case or until it is needed. If you go to America please keep some money in reserve for your fare home.

reserve

اِحْتيَاطِيّ, مِنْطَقَةٌ لا يـُمْكِنُ الصَيْدُ فيها, يَحْجِزُ rezerva, rezervace, rezervovat, šetřit (si) booke, reservat, reserve, reservere buchen, Reservat, Reserve, reservieren απόθεμα, διαφυλάσσω, κάνω κράτηση, καταφύγιο άγριας ζωής reserva, reservar pitää itsellään, suojelualue, vara, varata réserve, réserver rezerva, rezervat, rezervirati prenotare, riserva 予約する, 保護区, 取っておく, 蓄え 보유, 보호구역, 예약하다 boeken, reservaat, reserve, reserveren bestille, reservat, reserve, reservere powściągliwość, rezerwat, zarezerwować reserva, reserva de terra, reserva natural, reservar бронировать, запас, запасать, заповедник boka, reservat, reservera เขตสงวน, การสำรอง, จอง, สำรอง koruma alanı, saklamak, yedek, yer ayırtmak đặt chỗ, dự trữ, khu bảo tồn, nguồn dự trữ 保留, 储备, 自然保护区, 预订

re·serve

n. reserva, sustancia, objeto o idea que se guarda para uso futuro;
v. reservar; conservar, guardar.

reserve

n reserva
References in classic literature ?
She was rather surprised, therefore, when the silence remained unbroken, and Jo assumed a patronizing air, which decidedly aggravated Meg, who in turn assumed an air of dignified reserve and devoted herself to her mother.
The outer crust of her life, all of her natural diffidence and reserve, was tom away and she gave herself over to the emotions of love.
That summer at Grand Isle she began to loosen a little the mantle of reserve that had always enveloped her.
exclaimed the two companions of the scout, who had continued until this part of the dialogue, seated immovable, and apparently indifferent to what passed, but who now sprang to their feet with an activity and interest that had evidently got the better of their reserve by surprise.
Yet the laughter of her sister in advance with the Kearney brothers seemed to make the reserve with which she tried to crush further familiarity only ridiculous.
So long as any of the race were to be found, they had been marked out from other men--not strikingly, nor as with a sharp line, but with an effect that was felt rather than spoken of--by an hereditary character of reserve.
But, as thoughts are frozen and utterance benumbed, unless the speaker stand in some true relation with his audience, it may be pardonable to imagine that a friend, a kind and apprehensive, though not the closest friend, is listening to our talk; and then, a native reserve being thawed by this genial consciousness, we may prate of the circumstances that lie around us, and even of ourself, but still keep the inmost Me behind its veil.
But that was not the wonder of wonders; I reserve this distinction for quite another circumstance: the circumstance that dread had unmistakably quitted me and that there was nothing in me there that didn't meet and measure him.
All the poor and rocky land set apart for a national timber reserve, in which our children play, and our young men hunt, and our poets dwell
Even the king's reserve melted a little, though it was some little trouble to him to adjust himself to the name of Jones along at first.
He would reserve further remark until his closing speech.
So he thought he would hold the tooth in reserve for the present, and seek further.