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If someone resigns from their job, they leave it after saying that they do not want to do it any more. You can resign from your job at any age, and perhaps start another job soon afterwards.
When someone retires, they leave their job and stop working, often because they have reached the age when they can get a pension. When professional sportsmen and women stop playing sport as their job, you can also say that they retire, even if they are fairly young.
Past participle: resigned
|Verb||1.||resign - leave (a job, post, or position) voluntarily; "She vacated the position when she got pregnant"; "The chairman resigned when he was found to have misappropriated funds"|
abdicate, renounce - give up, such as power, as of monarchs and emperors, or duties and obligations; "The King abdicated when he married a divorcee"
|2.||resign - give up or retire from a position; "The Secretary of the Navy will leave office next month"; "The chairman resigned over the financial scandal"|
resign, vacate, renounce, give up - leave (a job, post, or position) voluntarily; "She vacated the position when she got pregnant"; "The chairman resigned when he was found to have misappropriated funds"
retire - go into retirement; stop performing one's work or withdraw from one's position; "He retired at age 68"
top out - give up one's career just as one becomes very successful; "The financial consultant topped out at age 40 because he was burned out"
pull up stakes, depart, leave - remove oneself from an association with or participation in; "She wants to leave"; "The teenager left home"; "She left her position with the Red Cross"; "He left the Senate after two terms"; "after 20 years with the same company, she pulled up stakes"
fall - lose office or power; "The government fell overnight"; "The Qing Dynasty fell with Sun Yat-sen"
|3.||resign - part with a possession or right; "I am relinquishing my bedroom to the long-term house guest"; "resign a claim to the throne"|
hand, pass on, turn over, pass, reach, give - place into the hands or custody of; "hand me the spoon, please"; "Turn the files over to me, please"; "He turned over the prisoner to his lawyers"
derequisition - release from government control
|4.||resign - accept as inevitable; "He resigned himself to his fate"|
accept - consider or hold as true; "I cannot accept the dogma of this church"; "accept an argument"
to resign a task to others → ceder un cometido a otros
when he resigned the leadership → cuando dimitió de or renunció a la jefatura
to resign o.s. to (doing) sth → resignarse a (hacer) algo
I resigned myself to never seeing her again → me resigné a no volverla a ver nunca más