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These adjectives share the meaning obliged to answer, as for one's actions, to an authority that may impose a penalty for failure. Responsible often implies the satisfactory performance of duties or the trustworthy care for or disposition of possessions: "I am responsible for the ship's safety" (Robert Louis Stevenson).
Answerable suggests a moral or legal responsibility subject to review by a higher authority: The court held the parents answerable for their minor child's acts of vandalism. Liable refers to a legal obligation, as to pay damages: The builder is liable for the cost of delays. Accountable especially emphasizes giving an account of one's discharge of a responsibility: "The liberal philosophy holds that enduring governments must be accountable to someone beside themselves" (Walter Lippmann).
Amenable implies being subject to the control of an authority and therefore the absence of complete autonomy: "There is no constitutional tribunal to which [the king] is amenable" (Alexander Hamilton). See Also Synonyms at reliable.
re•spon•si•ble(rɪˈspɒn sə bəl)
If you are responsible for doing something, it is your job or duty to do it.
Don't say that someone is 'responsible to do' something.
If you are responsible for something bad that has happened, it is your fault.
Don't use any preposition except for after responsible in a sentence like this.
Responsible can also be used after a noun. If you talk about 'the person responsible', you mean 'the person who is responsible for what has happened'.
However, if you use responsible in front of a noun, it has a completely different meaning. A responsible person is someone who can be trusted to behave properly and sensibly.
Responsible behaviour is sensible and correct.
|Adj.||1.||responsible - worthy of or requiring responsibility or trust; or held accountable; "a responsible adult"; "responsible journalism"; "a responsible position"; "the captain is responsible for the ship's safety"; "the cabinet is responsible to the parliament"|
obligated - caused by law or conscience to follow a certain course; "felt obligated to repay the kindness"; "was obligated to pay off the student loan"
prudent - careful and sensible; marked by sound judgment; "a prudent manager"; "prudent rulers"; "prudent hesitation"; "more prudent to hide than to fight"
trustworthy, trusty - worthy of trust or belief; "a trustworthy report"; "an experienced and trustworthy traveling companion"
irresponsible - showing lack of care for consequences; "behaved like an irresponsible idiot"; "hasty and irresponsible action"
|2.||responsible - being the agent or cause; "determined who was the responsible party"; "termites were responsible for the damage"|
causative - producing an effect; "poverty as a causative factor in crime"
|3.||responsible - having an acceptable credit rating; "a responsible borrower"|
sensible irresponsible, unreliable, untrustworthy, undependable, unconscientious
those responsible will be punished → se castigará a los responsables
who is responsible if anything goes wrong? → ¿quién es el responsable si algo sale mal?
to be responsible for sth: he is not responsible for his actions → no es responsable de sus actos
who is responsible for this? → ¿quién es el responsable de esto?
who was responsible for the delay? → ¿quién tiene la culpa del retraso?
to hold sb responsible for sth → hacer a algn responsable de algo → responsabilizar a algn de algo
to be responsible to sb (for sth) → ser responsable ante algn (de algo)
she is responsible for 40 children → tiene a su cargo 40 niños
the secretary is responsible for taking the minutes → la secretaria se hace cargo de levantar el acta
to act in a responsible fashion → obrar de forma responsable or con responsabilidad
that wasn't very responsible of you! → ¡eso ha sido una falta de responsabilidad por tu parte!
to be responsible for sth (= in charge of) → être responsable de qch
the minister responsible for the environment → le ministre responsable de l'environnement
to be responsible for doing sth (= in charge of) → être responsable de faire qch
He is responsible for finding the volunteers → Il est responsable de trouver des volontaires.
He's responsible for booking the tickets
BUT Il est responsable de la réservation des billets.
The children were responsible for cleaning their own rooms
BUT Les enfants étaient responsables du nettoyage de leur chambre.
to be financially responsible for sb → être financièrement responsable de qn
Try to find out who's responsible → Essayez de trouver qui est responsable.
to be responsible for sth (= to blame for) → être responsable de qch
The group was responsible for a wave of attacks → Le groupe était responsable d'une vague d'attentats.
to feel responsible for sth → se sentir responsable de qch
to be responsible for sth (= accountable) → être responsable de qch
He isn't responsible for his behaviour → Il n'est pas responsable de ses actes.
to be responsible to sb → être responsable devant qn
You should be more responsible → Tu devrais être plus responsable.
He's a very responsible sort of person → C'est quelqu'un de très responsable.