retard

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re·tard 1

 (rĭ-tärd′)
v. re·tard·ed, re·tard·ing, re·tards
v.tr.
To cause to move or proceed slowly; delay or impede.
v.intr.
To be delayed.
n.
1. A slowing down or hindering of progress; a delay.
2. Music A slackening of tempo.

[Middle English retarden, from Old French retarder, from Latin retardāre : re-, re- + tardāre, to delay (from tardus, slow).]

re·tard′er n.

re·tard 2

 (rē′tärd′)
n. Offensive Slang
1. Used as a disparaging term for a person with an intellectual disability.
2. A person considered to be foolish or socially inept.

[Short for retarded.]

retard

vb
(tr) to delay or slow down (the progress, speed, or development) of (something)
n
1. offensive US a person with learning difficulties
2. offensive US a foolish person
[C15: from Old French retarder, from Latin retardāre, from re- + tardāre to make slow, from tardus sluggish; see tardy]

re•tard

(rɪˈtɑrd for 1-3, 5; ˈri tɑrd for 4 )

v.t.
1. to make slow; delay the development or progress of; hinder.
v.i.
2. to be delayed.
n.
3. retardation; delay.
4. Slang: Disparaging.
a. a mentally retarded person.
b. a person who is stupid, obtuse, or ineffective.
5. an adjustment to the distributor of an internal-combustion engine that causes the spark for ignition to be generated later in the cycle. Compare advance (def. 22).
[1480–90; < Latin retardāre to delay, protract = re- re- + tardāre to loiter, be slow, derivative of tardus slow; compare tardy]
usage: Definitions 4a and 4b are used with disparaging intent, esp. by children.

retard


Past participle: retarded
Gerund: retarding

Imperative
retard
retard
Present
I retard
you retard
he/she/it retards
we retard
you retard
they retard
Preterite
I retarded
you retarded
he/she/it retarded
we retarded
you retarded
they retarded
Present Continuous
I am retarding
you are retarding
he/she/it is retarding
we are retarding
you are retarding
they are retarding
Present Perfect
I have retarded
you have retarded
he/she/it has retarded
we have retarded
you have retarded
they have retarded
Past Continuous
I was retarding
you were retarding
he/she/it was retarding
we were retarding
you were retarding
they were retarding
Past Perfect
I had retarded
you had retarded
he/she/it had retarded
we had retarded
you had retarded
they had retarded
Future
I will retard
you will retard
he/she/it will retard
we will retard
you will retard
they will retard
Future Perfect
I will have retarded
you will have retarded
he/she/it will have retarded
we will have retarded
you will have retarded
they will have retarded
Future Continuous
I will be retarding
you will be retarding
he/she/it will be retarding
we will be retarding
you will be retarding
they will be retarding
Present Perfect Continuous
I have been retarding
you have been retarding
he/she/it has been retarding
we have been retarding
you have been retarding
they have been retarding
Future Perfect Continuous
I will have been retarding
you will have been retarding
he/she/it will have been retarding
we will have been retarding
you will have been retarding
they will have been retarding
Past Perfect Continuous
I had been retarding
you had been retarding
he/she/it had been retarding
we had been retarding
you had been retarding
they had been retarding
Conditional
I would retard
you would retard
he/she/it would retard
we would retard
you would retard
they would retard
Past Conditional
I would have retarded
you would have retarded
he/she/it would have retarded
we would have retarded
you would have retarded
they would have retarded
ThesaurusAntonymsRelated WordsSynonymsLegend:
Noun1.retard - a person of subnormal intelligenceretard - a person of subnormal intelligence  
mongoloid - a person suffering from Down syndrome (no longer used technically in this sense)
simpleton, simple - a person lacking intelligence or common sense
Verb1.retard - cause to move more slowly or operate at a slower rate; "This drug will retard your heart rate"
decelerate, slow down - reduce the speed of; "He slowed down the car"
deaden - lessen the momentum or velocity of; "deaden a ship's headway"
2.retard - be delayed
be - have the quality of being; (copula, used with an adjective or a predicate noun); "John is rich"; "This is not a good answer"
3.retard - slow the growth or development of; "The brain damage will retard the child's language development"
alter, change, modify - cause to change; make different; cause a transformation; "The advent of the automobile may have altered the growth pattern of the city"; "The discussion has changed my thinking about the issue"
dampen - check; keep in check (a fire)
detain, delay, stay - stop or halt; "Please stay the bloodshed!"
4.retard - lose velocity; move more slowly; "The car decelerated"
decrease, diminish, lessen, fall - decrease in size, extent, or range; "The amount of homework decreased towards the end of the semester"; "The cabin pressure fell dramatically"; "her weight fell to under a hundred pounds"; "his voice fell to a whisper"
slow up, slow, slow down - cause to proceed more slowly; "The illness slowed him down"
delay, detain, hold up - cause to be slowed down or delayed; "Traffic was delayed by the bad weather"; "she delayed the work that she didn't want to perform"

retard

verb slow down, check, arrest, delay, handicap, stall, brake, detain, defer, clog, hinder, obstruct, impede, set back, encumber, decelerate, hold back or up Continuing violence will retard negotiations.
advance, stimulate, accelerate, speed up, hasten, expedite

retard

verb
To cause to be later or slower than expected or desired:
Translations
يُعيق، يُعَرْقِل
zpomalit
sinke
hidastaahidasteidioottijarruttaavähä-älyinen
késleltet
seinka, tefja
sulėtinimassulėtinti
aizkavētkavētkavētiespalēninātpalēnināties
geciktirmek

retard

[rɪˈtɑːd]
A. VTretardar, retrasar
B. [ˈriːtɑːd] N (US) → atrasado/a m/f mental

retard

[ˈriːtɑːrd] n (offensive) (mainly US) (= half-wit) → demeuré(e) m/f

retard

vt developmentverlangsamen, verzögern; explosionverzögern; (Aut) ignitionverzögern; (Biol, Phys) → retardieren
n (pej sl: = handicapped person) → Spasti m (sl), → Behindi m (sl)

retard

[riˈtɑːd] vtritardare

retard

(rəˈtaːd) verb
to make slower or later. The country's economic progress was retarded by strikes; The baby's development was retarded by an accident he had shortly after birth.
ˌretarˈdation (riːtaː-) noun
reˈtarded adjective
a mentally retarded child.
References in classic literature ?
Even in the case of slow-breeding animals, which unite for each birth, we must not overrate the effects of intercrosses in retarding natural selection; for I can bring a considerable catalogue of facts, showing that within the same area, varieties of the same animal can long remain distinct, from haunting different stations, from breeding at slightly different seasons, or from varieties of the same kind preferring to pair together.
He could not have locked his door without undoing his well-knotted string and retarding his supper; it was not worth his while to make that sacrifice.
At this moment Derick was in the act of pitching his lamp-feeder at the advancing boats, and also his oil-can; perhaps with the double view of retarding his rivals' way, and at the same time economically accelerating his own by the momentary impetus of the backward toss.
The boat at last became so nearly free of the retarding mud and of the bank that Jane felt positive that she could pole it off into deeper water with one of the paddles which lay in the bottom of the rude craft.
Instead of qualifying nouns or verbs by the use of adjectives and adverbs, we qualified sounds by intonation, by changes in quantity and pitch, by retarding and by accelerating.
Jacobs Vehicle Systems have developed the High Power Density (HPD) engine brake that increases retarding powe, especially at low engine speed.
Populated family, renting houses, single-child families, lack of social supports and welfare, lack of occupational opportunities [23]; Murphy et al in pointed to the social and economical backgrounds in their studies; a new attitude was also pointed by the same researchers that having parents with mental retarding problems can interrupt the educational strategies in relation to their own children [19].
More than a year ago, another IBM team led by Vlasov reported retarding light in silicon by a different means--passing it through ultrathin slabs of the semiconductor punctuated by arrays of holes (SN: 11/5/05, p.
However, this vaccination strategy is predicated on preventing deaths from influenza, not stopping or retarding an epidemic or pandemic (7).
Flame Retarding Polypropylene Fiber And Production Method Thereof And Flame Retarding Polypropylene Film: No.
Department of Agriculture (USDA) Natural Resources Conservation Service constructed about 2,500 flood retarding structures in the state of Oklahoma to control runoff from about 22,000 [km.
A technical summary of retarding scorch in organic peroxide cure systems is available from the company.