retrobulbar


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retrobulbar

(ˌrɛtrəʊˈbʌlbə)
adj
of or relating to the area behind the eyeball
References in periodicals archive ?
In the NEON and PORT studies, retrobulbar followed by peribulbar blocks were the most common.
Human disease associated with Dhori virus infection is characterized by acute illness with severe fever, headache, general weakness, and retrobulbar pain; encephalitis occurs in [approximately equal to]40% of patients, and convalescence is long (2 months) (18).
Estudos sobre questoes relacionadas com "o trabalho e a visao" tem abordado predominantemente os acidentes de trabalho e os efeitos adversos associados a exposicao a agentes quimicos e fisicos, tais como o trauma ocular, as lesoes por contacto com substancias quimicas--como a nevrite retrobulbar devida ao metanol ou ao chumbo--e a catarata ou a maculopatia--ocorrida devido as radiacoes ionizantes (4,5).
Computerised Tomography or Ultrasonography (B-mode with High Frequency--7 MHz for the globe, 3 MHz for Retrobulbar area and Colour Doppler) improves the characterisation and topography for that particular condition.
A mass of abnormal venous blood vessels was further confirmed by color Doppler ultrasound and MRI, and the surgical treatment was performed if the eyeball, retrobulbar tissue and nerve have not been involved.
Retrobulbar injection of hyaluronidase (300-600 units [2-4 cc]) should be considered.
The decrease in retrobulbar blood flow in patients with OIS can be demonstrated by CDUS.
Complications like retrobulbar hemorrhage and sixth nerve palsy have been reported in the literature.
Periorbital and retrobulbar lymphoma has been reported in a variety of psittacine birds, particularly African grey parrots (Psittacus erithacus) and budgerigars (Melopsittacus undulatus).
The following parameters acquired by MDCT were analyzed: diameters of extraocular muscles (muscle width and thickness), unilateral or bilateral affection of extraocular muscles (in relation to muscle width and thickness), length of interzygomatic line, distance between interzygomatic line, bulbar front polarity (globe protrusion, GPR) and volume of retrobulbar space.
2,3) Additionally, a reduced diurnal variation of the IOP and an increased retrobulbar blood flow have been reported in pregnancy.