retrogradation


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ret·ro·grade

 (rĕt′rə-grād′)
adj.
1. Moving or tending backward: a retrograde flow.
2. Opposite to the usual order; inverted or reversed: the retrograde form of the melody.
3. Reverting to an earlier or inferior condition: a retrograde way of thinking.
4. Astronomy
a. Of or relating to the orbital revolution or axial rotation of a planetary or other celestial body that moves clockwise from east to west, in the direction opposite to most celestial bodies.
b. Of or relating to the brief, regularly occurring, apparently backward movement of a planetary body in its orbit as viewed against the fixed stars, caused by the differing orbital velocities of Earth and the body observed.
c. Of or relating to orbital motion in the direction opposite that of the predominant motion in an orbital system.
intr.v. ret·ro·grad·ed, ret·ro·grad·ing, ret·ro·grades
1. Astronomy To have retrograde motion.
2. To decline to an inferior state; degenerate.
3. Archaic To move or seem to move backward.

[Middle English, from Latin retrōgradus, from retrōgradī, to go back : retrō-, retro- + -gradus, walking (from gradī, to go; see ghredh- in Indo-European roots).]

ret′ro·gra·da′tion (-rō-grā-dā′shən) n.
ret′ro·grade′ly adv.
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retrogradation

noun
A return to a former, usually worse condition:
References in periodicals archive ?
D'ailleurs, dans ce sens, lors de la reunion tenue dernierement avec les clubs de l'Ouest, le premier responsable de la Federation algerienne de football n'avait pas manque de durcir le ton envers certains dirigeants, menacant les clubs en se refusant d'adopter cette demarche de retrogradation.
Le changement de leader--soit administratif, soit politique entraine souvent une retrogradation de la mesure de la performance dans les priorites (Sanger 2013).
A cela s'ajoute le manque de leadership avere autant cote prive que public avec, l'echec total de la restructuration de la Federation nationale du Tourisme, la retrogradation du secteur et sa [beaucoup moins que]banalisation[beaucoup plus grand que].
But adding chia inhibited the kinetics of amylopectin retrogradation during storage, which would be directly related to delays in bread staling.
Cela se traduirait par une grande absorption d'eau entrainant la retrogradation de l'amidon et une liberation d'une plus grande quantite de sucre dans le milieu.
In order to prevent retrogradation, some amide-based co-plasticizers such as formamide and acetamide were used (25).
It reduces starch retrogradation after baking and thus provides baked goods with improved and longer-lasting freshness.
Amylose has more hydrogen bonds and undergoes more rapid retrogradation than does amylopectin (Zhou and Kaplan, 1997), while the amylopectin, having a branched chain, allows a greater access to digestive enzymes.
Cette defaite est egalement synonyme de retrogradation a la troisieme place pour les Eequatoriens.
The influence of amylose and amylopectin characteristics on gelatinization and retrogradation properties of different starches.
Aart Mateboer, director of food enzymes at DuPont Industrial Biosciences, explained: "Our enzyme complexes delay starch retrogradation and other factors believed to be responsible for staling .
This process slows the retrogradation that occurs in cooling, and plasticizes the starch, making it behave like a thermoplastic and increasing its shelf life by years.